Helix lucorum

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Helix lucorum
Helix lucorum 2.jpg
live specimen of Helix lucorum
Conservation status
NE[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra

Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Helicidae
Subfamily: Helicinae
Tribe: Helicini
Genus: Helix
Subgenus: Helix
Species: H. lucorum
Binomial name
Helix lucorum
Linnaeus, 1758
Synonyms[2]
  • Helix anaphora Westerlund, 1889
  • Helix annosa Mascarini, 1892
  • Helix atrocincta Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix candida Mascarini, 1892
  • Helix elongata Bourguignat, 1860
  • Helix nigrozonata Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix presbensis Kobelt, 1905
  • Helix rypara Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix straminea Briganti, 1825
  • Helix straminiformis Bourguignat, 1876
  • Helix virago Bourguignat, 1883
  • Helix yleobia Bourguignat, 1883

Helix lucorum is a species of large, edible, air-breathing land snail or escargot, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Helicidae, the typical snails.

Description[edit]

The shell of Helix lucorum

Adult snails weight about 20-25 g.[3]

The width of the shell is 35-60.[4] The height of the shell is 25-45 mm.[4]

This species of snail makes and uses love darts.

Distribution[edit]

The native distribution is Eastern mediaterranean and Asia Minor.[5]

Ecology[edit]

The size of the egg is 4.4 mm.[10] 2–3 months old juvenile snails weight 0.5-0.9 g.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2009.
  2. ^ http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=277677 cited 5 May 2007
  3. ^ a b Danilova A.B. & Grinkevich L. N. (2012). "Failure of Long-Term Memory Formation in Juvenile Snails Is Determined by Acetylation Status of Histone H3 and Can Be Improved by NaB Treatment". PLoS ONE 7(7): e41828. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041828.
  4. ^ a b c (Czech) Horsák M., Juřičková L., Beran L., Čejka T. & Dvořák L. (2010). "Komentovaný seznam měkkýšů zjištěných ve volné přírodě České a Slovenské republiky. [Annotated list of mollusc species recorded outdoors in the Czech and Slovak Republics]". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca, Suppl. 1: 1-37. PDF.
  5. ^ a b Peltanová A., Petrusek A., Kment P. & Juřičková L. (2011). "A fast snail's pace: colonization of Central Europe by Mediterranean gastropods". Biological Invasions 14(4): 759-764. doi:10.1007/s10530-011-0121-9.
  6. ^ Mumladze L. (2013). "Shell size differences in Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758 (Mollusca: Gastropoda) between natural and urban environments". Turkish Journal of Zoology 37: 1-6.
  7. ^ Balashov I. & Gural-Sverlova N. (2012). "An annotated checklist of the terrestrial molluscs of Ukraine". Journal of Conchology 41(1): 91-109.
  8. ^ Čejka T. & Čačaný J. (2014). "The first record of the Turkish snail (Helix lucorum L., 1758) in the Slovak Republic". Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 13: 124–125. PDF.
  9. ^ Commonwealth of Australia (2002 April). "Citrus Imports from the Arab Republic of Egypt. A Review Under Existing Import Conditions for Citrus from Israel". Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia. Caption: Gastropods, page 12 and Appendix 2.
  10. ^ Heller J.: Life History Strategies. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited page: 428.

External links[edit]