|Member of Parliament
for Kampong Speu
August 5, 2014
|32nd Prime Minister of Cambodia|
June 27, 1981 – December 5, 1981
|Preceded by||Pol Pot|
|Succeeded by||Chan Sy|
|Minister of National Defense|
January 7, 1979 – December 5, 1981
|Preceded by||Son Sen|
|General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party|
January 5, 1979 – December 5, 1981
|Succeeded by||Heng Samrin|
April 15, 1936 |
Tram Kak, Takéo, Cambodia
|Political party||Cambodia National Rescue Party|
|Human Rights Party (2007–2012)
National Sustaining Party (1998–2007)
Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (1978–1981)
|Service/branch|| Khmer Issarak
Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation
|Years of service||1949–1981|
|Battles/wars||First Indochina War
Cambodian Civil War
Pen Sovan (Khmer: ប៉ែន សុវណ្ណ; born April 15, 1936) is a Cambodian politician who served as the Prime Minister of the Hanoi-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea from June 27 to December 5, 1981, and was General Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (KPRP, French acronym 'PRPK') from 1979 to 1981. He was arrested and removed from office in December 1981 by the Vietnamese for irritating Lê Đức Thọ, the chief adviser to the PRK government. He was imprisoned in Vietnam until January 1992.
Sovan founded the Cambodian National Sustaining Party, which contested in the 1998 election but did not a seat in parliament. He later joined the Human Rights Party founded in 2007 and served as its vice president. In 2012, he became a member of the newly founded Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) and stood as an MP candidate for Kampong Speu. He was elected and was sworn in on August 5, 2014.
Pen Sovan was born into an ethnic Vietnamese family in Takeo. He first joined the Khmer Issarak at the age of 13 in 1949 and fought against the French. Two years later, Sovan joined the Indochinese Communist Party where he first met Ta Mok. Sovan supported the Khmer Rouge during the 1970-1973 civil war against the Khmer Republic and he worked along with Chan Si under Khieu Thirith, in charge of the Voice of the United National Front of Kampuchea. From 1973 to 1979, Sovan lived in exile in Hanoi.
Sovan was a founding leader of Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation (KUFNS or FUNSK) on November 25, 1978. He served as Secretary-General of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party from January 5, 1979  to 1 December 1981, when he was replaced by Heng Samrin following his removal from office by the Vietnamese.
Sovan was arrested on December 2, 1981 for irritating Lê Đức Thọ, chief Vietnamese advisor to the Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation (FUNSK) and the People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK). He was released from Vietnam's prison on January 25, 1992, after he served over 10 years. Sovan explained his long ordeal in prison: "When I wanted to create our own army of five regiments, the Vietnamese didn't agree and Lê Đức Thọ went to the USSR to complain."
- Luke Young: Cambodian Political History. The Case of Pen Sovann In: Monthly Review 65.1 (November 2013).
- Scalapino, Robert A.; Wanadi, Jusuf; Economic, political, and security issues in Southeast Asia in the 1980s, Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, 1982, ISBN 0912966521
Pol Pot as Prime Minister in 1979
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Kampuchea
|Party political offices|
|First Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
1979 – 1981
|General Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party