Pen Sovan

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Pen Sovan
MP
Member of Parliament for Kampong Speu
Incumbent
Assumed office
September 24, 2013
Prime Minister of Kampuchea
In office
June 27, 1981 – December 5, 1981
President Heng Samrin
Preceded by Pol Pot
Succeeded by Chan Sy
Minister of National Defense
In office
January 7, 1979 – December 5, 1981
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Son Sen
Succeeded by  ?
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
In office
January 5, 1979 – December 5, 1981
Succeeded by Heng Samrin
Personal details
Born (1936-04-15) April 15, 1936 (age 78)
Takéo, Cambodia
Political party Cambodia National Rescue Party [1]
Other political
affiliations
Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (1979–1981)
Religion Buddhism

Pen Sovan (Khmer: ប៉ែន សុវណ្ណ; born April 15, 1936) is a Cambodian politician who served as the Prime Minister of the Hanoi-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea. He served from June until December 1981 and was General Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (KPRP, French acronym 'PRPK') from 1979 to 1981, following his removal from office.

Pen Sovan was removed from the KPRP in 1981 and imprisoned in Vietnam until 1991. He returned to Cambodia in 1992. As of 2013, Pen Sovan was elected Member of Parliament, representing the Kampong Speu constituency.

Biography[edit]

Pen Sovan was born into an ethnic Vietnamese family in Takeo.[2] He first joined the Khmer Issarak at the age of 13 in 1949 and fought against the French. Two years later, Sovan joined the Indochinese Communist Party where he first met Ta Mok. Sovan supported the Khmer Rouge during the 1970-1973 civil war against the Khmer Republic and he worked along with Chan Si under Khieu Thirith, in charge of the Voice of the United National Front of Kampuchea. From 1973 to 1979, Sovan lived in exile in Hanoi.[3]

Sovan was a founding leader of Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation (KUFNS or FUNSK) on November 25, 1978. He served as Secretary-General of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party from January 5, 1979 [1] to 1 December 1981, when he was replaced by Heng Samrin following his removal from office by the Vietnamese.

Sovan was arrested on December 2, 1981 for irritating Le Duc Tho, chief Vietnamese advisor to the Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation (FUNSK) and the People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK). He was released from Vietnam's prison on January 25, 1992, after he served over 10 years. Sovan explained his long ordeal in prison: "When I wanted to create our own army of five regiments, the Vietnamese didn't agree and Le Duc Tho went to the USSR to complain."[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaing Menghun and Alex Willemyns (18 July 2013). "Former Prime Minister Pen Sovann Looks to Future as Lawmaker". The Cambodia Daily. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Scalapino, Wanadi (1982), p. 225
  3. ^ The People's Republic of Kampuchea, 1979-1989: The revolution after Pol Pot ISBN 978-974-9575-34-5
  4. ^ Quoted by Margaret Slocomb in The People's Republic of Kampuchea, 1979-1989: The revolution after Pol Pot ISBN 978-974-9575-34-5

Bibliography[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Vacant
Pol Pot as Prime Minister in 1979
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Kampuchea
1981
Succeeded by
Chan Sy
Party political offices
Preceded by
None
First Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
1979 – 1981
Succeeded by
Himself
General Secretary
Preceded by
Himself
First Secretary
General Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
1981
Succeeded by
Heng Samrin