|Member of Parliament for Kampong Speu|
September 24, 2013
|Prime Minister of Kampuchea|
June 27, 1981 – December 5, 1981
|Preceded by||Pol Pot|
|Succeeded by||Chan Sy|
|Minister of National Defense|
January 7, 1979 – December 5, 1981
|Preceded by||Son Sen|
|General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party|
January 5, 1979 – December 5, 1981
|Succeeded by||Heng Samrin|
April 15, 1936 |
|Political party||Cambodia National Rescue Party |
|Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (1979–1981)|
Pen Sovan (Khmer: ប៉ែន សុវណ្ណ; born April 15, 1936) is a Cambodian politician who served as the Prime Minister of the Hanoi-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea. He served from June until December 1981 and was General Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party (KPRP, French acronym 'PRPK') from 1979 to 1981, following his removal from office.
Pen Sovan was removed from the KPRP in 1981 and imprisoned in Vietnam until 1991. He returned to Cambodia in 1992. As of 2013, Pen Sovan was elected Member of Parliament, representing the Kampong Speu constituency.
Pen Sovan was born into an ethnic Vietnamese family in Takeo. He first joined the Khmer Issarak at the age of 13 in 1949 and fought against the French. Two years later, Sovan joined the Indochinese Communist Party where he first met Ta Mok. Sovan supported the Khmer Rouge during the 1970-1973 civil war against the Khmer Republic and he worked along with Chan Si under Khieu Thirith, in charge of the Voice of the United National Front of Kampuchea. From 1973 to 1979, Sovan lived in exile in Hanoi.
Sovan was a founding leader of Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation (KUFNS or FUNSK) on November 25, 1978. He served as Secretary-General of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party from January 5, 1979  to 1 December 1981, when he was replaced by Heng Samrin following his removal from office by the Vietnamese.
Sovan was arrested on December 2, 1981 for irritating Le Duc Tho, chief Vietnamese advisor to the Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation (FUNSK) and the People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK). He was released from Vietnam's prison on January 25, 1992, after he served over 10 years. Sovan explained his long ordeal in prison: "When I wanted to create our own army of five regiments, the Vietnamese didn't agree and Le Duc Tho went to the USSR to complain."
- Kaing Menghun and Alex Willemyns (18 July 2013). "Former Prime Minister Pen Sovann Looks to Future as Lawmaker". The Cambodia Daily. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- Scalapino, Wanadi (1982), p. 225
- The People's Republic of Kampuchea, 1979-1989: The revolution after Pol Pot ISBN 978-974-9575-34-5
- Quoted by Margaret Slocomb in The People's Republic of Kampuchea, 1979-1989: The revolution after Pol Pot ISBN 978-974-9575-34-5
- Luke Young: Cambodian Political History. The Case of Pen Sovann In: Monthly Review 65.1 (November 2013).
- Scalapino, Robert A.; Wanadi, Jusuf; Economic, political, and security issues in Southeast Asia in the 1980s, Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, 1982, ISBN 0912966521
Pol Pot as Prime Minister in 1979
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Kampuchea
|Party political offices|
|First Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
1979 – 1981
|General Secretary of the Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party