Pennsylvania Route 31

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PA Route 31 marker

PA Route 31
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT
Length: 74.74 mi[2] (120.28 km)
Existed: 1927[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: PA 136 near West Newton
  I-70 near Turkeytown
US 119 near Mount Pleasant
PA 982 in Laurelville
I-70 / I-76 / Penna Turnpike in Donegal
PA 711 in Donegal
PA 381 near Jones Mills
PA 281 / PA 601 in Somerset
PA 160 near Berlin
PA 96 near Manns Choice
East end: US 30 near Bedford
Location
Counties: Westmoreland, Fayette, Somerset, Bedford
Highway system
US 30 PA 32

Pennsylvania Route 31 (PA 31) is a 74-mile-long (119 km) state highway located in Western Pennsylvania, paralleling U.S. Route 30 and the Pennsylvania Turnpike for most of its length. The designation begins at PA 136 near West Newton and ends at US 30 near Bedford.

Route description[edit]

Westmoreland County[edit]

West Newton to Mount Pleasant[edit]

PA 31's designation begins at Pennsylvania Route 136 near West Newton.[3] It travels east, interchanging with Interstate 70.[4] After that interchange, PA 31 does not intersect any more numbered roads until it interchanges U.S. Route 119 in the western part of Mount Pleasant.[5] When PA 31 interchanges US 119, it turns from a two-lane surface road into first a four-lane road, and then into a city street as it goes through Mount Pleasant.[6][7]

As PA 31 progresses through Mount Pleasant, it forms a concurrency with Pennsylvania Route 981.[8] After that, it intersects Pennsylvania Route 819 before leaving the borough and entering the township.[8]

Mount Pleasant to Donegal[edit]

The first intersection with a numbered road after entering the township is Pennsylvania Route 982.[9] This is the only major intersection until it reaches Donegal.[10] When it does reach Donegal, there is an entrance ramp to the Pennsylvania Turnpike, and immediately following that is the western terminus of the concurrency with Pennsylvania Route 711.[11]

2 miles (3 km) later, PA 31 intersects Pennsylvania Route 381. This marks the eastern terminus of the concurrency with PA 711, and the western terminus of PA 381. It is also the northern terminus of the PA 381/711 concurrency as well.[12] Before leaving Donegal Township, PA 31 approaches the eastern terminus of the concurrency with PA 381. This is the last major intersection before PA 31 winds its way through rural Pennsylvania to Somerset.[13]

Somerset County[edit]

A view of southbound PA 281 at the western terminus of the concurrency.

Hidden Valley[edit]

Just after crossing the Westmoreland County/Somerset County line (the dividing line between the Pittsburgh metropolitan area and the Johnstown, Pennsylvania metro area, Route 31 provides entrance to the Hidden Valley Ski Resort area.

Somerset[edit]

A view of the PA 31/281 concurrency eastbound.

After winding past rural Westmoreland and Fayette Counties, PA 31 enters Somerset County and encounters the borough of Somerset.[14] Immediately after entering Somerset, PA 31 intersects Pennsylvania Route 281 and forms a concurrency on one-way pairs.[15] While being concurrent, both highways intersect the southern terminus of Pennsylvania Route 601.[15] Not a long while after, PA 31/281 end the concurrency, as PA 281 splits north, while PA 31 continues east.[15]

A view of the eastern terminus of the concurrency.

Past the downtown area, PA 31 weaves through the Pennsylvania Turnpike and passes over U.S. Route 219.[16] PA 31 continues toward Roxbury.

Roxbury[edit]

The intersection with Pennsylvania Route 160 is the last intersection in Somerset County and the only one in Roxbury.[17] After this intersection, PA 31 generally parallels the Turnpike and winds through hilly terrain.

Bedford County[edit]

Entering Bedford County, there are no major intersections with any numbered roads until PA 31 enters Manns Choice. Instead, it winds through hilly terrain that parallels the Turnpike.[18]

Manns Choice to Bedford[edit]

As PA 31 nears Manns Choice, it intersects Pennsylvania Route 96 and is concurrent for 1.81 mi (2.91 km).[19] After separating, PA 31 continues for 3.44 mi (5.54 km) before terminating at U.S. Route 30.[20]

History[edit]

As early as 1772, a road called Glades Road had originally led from Somerset to Bedford, which were the places of two underground railroad stations. The road would become PA 31 and would go through the towns of West Newton, Mount Pleasant, Monongahela, and Washington that had also organized underground railroad stations.[21]

Sproul Road Bill[edit]

In 1911, the Sproul Road Bill defined Legislative Route 181 for the segment between Washington and West Newton, LR 186 between West Newton and Somerset, LR 364 between Somerset and Dividing Ridge, and LR 49 between Dividing Ridge and Bedford.[22][23]

1927-1940[edit]

The PA 31 designation began appearing on road maps and signage in 1927.[24][1] At that time, the western terminus was at the West Virginia line at West Virginia Route 27. The east end back then was still at US 30, unchanged from today.[25] On its way eastward, PA 31 met the southern terminus of PA 28 near Avella, was concurrent with PA 18 and US 19, and traded paths with US 40 in Washington. The stretch from the West Virginia line to PA 18 is now PA 844.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[2] km Destinations Notes
Westmoreland West Newton 0.00 0.00 PA 136 (Mt. Pleasant Road, Walnut Lane)[3] Western terminus, former routing of PA 71.[25]
South Huntingdon Township 3.14 5.05 I-70[4] Exit 51.
Mount Pleasant 11.49 18.49 US 119[8] Interchange.
12.06 19.41 PA 981 south (Morewood Street)[8] West end of PA 981 concurrency.
12.43 20.00 PA 981 north (North Church Street)[8] East end of PA 981 concurrency.
12.62 20.31 PA 819 (Diamond Street)[8] Northern terminus of PA 819
Fayette Bullskin Township 15.71 25.28 PA 982[9]
Westmoreland Donegal 21.85 35.16 I-70 / I-76 / Penna Turnpike[11] Donegal Interchange (exit 91).
22.15 35.65 PA 711 north[11] West end of PA 711 concurrency
Donegal Township 24.02 38.66 PA 381 south / PA 711 south (Jones Mill Road)[12] West end of PA 381 concurrency,
East end of PA 711 concurrency
24.69 39.73 PA 381 north[12] East end of PA 381 concurrency.
Somerset Somerset 40.33 64.90 PA 281 south (Franklin Avenue)[15] West end of PA 281 concurrency
40.68 65.47 PA 601 (Central Avenue)[15] Southern terminus of PA 601,
Former routing of US 219 through Somerset.[26]
40.90 65.82 PA 281 north (Pleasant Avenue)[15] East end of PA 281 concurrency
41.23 66.35 Berlin Plank Road Formerly US 219 Business
Stonycreek Township 50.99 82.06 PA 160[17] Former routing of US 219.[26]
Bedford Juniata Township 65.29 105.07 Buena Road Formerly PA 131[25]
Manns Choice 69.49 111.83 PA 96 north (Shawnee Road)[19] West end of PA 96 concurrency
71.30 114.75 PA 96 south (Hyndman Road)[19] East end of PA 96 concurrency
Bedford Township 74.74 120.28 US 30 (Lincoln Highway)[20]
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Attractions[edit]

Glades Pike Inn[edit]

The Glades Pike Inn is a notable inn situated on the Glades Pike section of PA 31 in Somerset. Since 1842, the inn was a place for weary travelers to unhitch their horses for a good place to eat and sleep. The modern day visitors of the inn use it for different reasons of traveling. The inn is located in the Laurel Mountains recreational area.[27][28]

Glades Pike Winery[edit]

The Glades Pike Winery is situated on the section of PA 31 known as Glades Pike, between Somerset and Donegal. Established in 1994, the winery is the place where visitors are offered samples of the award-winning wine varieties.[29]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ May be hard to see, as it is a JPEG map scan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pennsylvania Highways - Pennsylvania Route 31[self-published source]
  2. ^ a b DeLorme. Street Atlas USA measuring tool (Map) (2007 ed.).
  3. ^ a b Google Inc. "West Newton, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=West+Newton,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&z=14&ll=40.20523,-79.741087&spn=0.045165,0.080338&om=1. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  4. ^ a b Google Inc. "South Huntingdon, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Mount+Pleasant,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&om=1&z=14&ll=40.188775,-79.70212&spn=0.045176,0.080338&iwloc=addr. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  5. ^ Google Inc. "PA 31 between I-70 and US 119". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Seven+Springs,+PA&ie=UTF8&om=1&ll=40.179529,-79.628735&spn=0.090365,0.160675&z=13&iwloc=addr. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
  6. ^ "PA 31/US 119 interchange (west)". Microsoft. USGS. 1993-04-11. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  7. ^ "PA 31/US 119 interchange (east)". Microsoft. USGS. 1993-04-11. Retrieved 2007-05-09. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Google Inc. "Mount Pleasant, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Mount+Pleasant,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&z=15&ll=40.15126,-79.545479&spn=0.022601,0.040169&om=1. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  9. ^ a b Google Inc. "Mount Pleasant (Borough)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Mount+Pleasant,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&z=14&ll=40.164117,-79.498272&spn=0.045193,0.080338&om=1. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  10. ^ Google Inc. "PA 31 between PA 982 and the Turnpike". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Seven+Springs,+PA&ie=UTF8&om=1&ll=40.133216,-79.426174&spn=0.090427,0.160675&z=13&iwloc=addr. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
  11. ^ a b c Google Inc. "Donegal, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Donegal,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&om=1&z=16&ll=40.109982,-79.379997&spn=0.011307,0.020084. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  12. ^ a b c Google Inc. "Jones Mills, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Jones+Mills,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&z=15&ll=40.089399,-79.343219&spn=0.022621,0.040169&om=1. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  13. ^ Google Inc. "PA 31 between PA 381 and PA 281". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Seven+Springs,+PA&ie=UTF8&om=1&ll=40.055213,-79.207993&spn=0.18106,0.32135&z=12. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
  14. ^ "History of Somerset Borough". Somerset, PA. Archived from the original on 2007-05-06. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f Google Inc. "Somerset, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Somerset,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&z=14&ll=40.009209,-79.066458&spn=0.045296,0.080338&om=1. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  16. ^ "PA 31 (middle) running east–west weaving through Turnpike and overpassing US 219". Microsoft. USGS. 1993-04-27. Retrieved 2007-04-29. 
  17. ^ a b Google Inc. "Roxbury, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Somerset,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&om=1&z=14&ll=39.948174,-78.907585&spn=0.045336,0.080338. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  18. ^ Google Inc. "PA 31 between PA 160 and PA 96". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Seven+Springs,+PA&ie=UTF8&om=1&ll=39.948437,-78.749313&spn=0.181344,0.32135&z=12. Retrieved 2007-05-10.
  19. ^ a b c Google Inc. "Manns Choice, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Manns+Choice,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&z=14&ll=40.001977,-78.593445&spn=0.0453,0.080338&om=1&iwloc=addr. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  20. ^ a b Google Inc. "Napier, PA". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=Manns+Choice,+PA&layer=&ie=UTF8&om=1&z=14&ll=40.039838,-78.558512&spn=0.045275,0.080338. Retrieved 2007-04-29.
  21. ^ Switala, William J. (2001). Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-1629-5. 
  22. ^ PennDOT. Sproul Road Bill (Map) (1911 ed.). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1911.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
  23. ^ PennDOT. Somerset County (Map) (1915 ed.). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/Maps/Type_10_GHS_Historical_Scans/Somerset_1915.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
  24. ^ Cram (1927). Official Paved Roads of East Central States (Map). http://www.mapsofpa.com/roadcart/1927_2043m.jpg. Retrieved 2007-05-27.
  25. ^ a b c PennDOT. Pennsylvania Highways (Map) (1930 ed.). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930fr.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
  26. ^ a b PennDOT. Somerset County (Map) (1941 ed.). Section 2. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/Maps/Type_10_GHS_Historical_Scans/Somerset_1941_Sheet_2.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-09.
  27. ^ "Glades Pike Inn". ExplorePAHistory.com. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 
  28. ^ "Glades Pike". gladespike.com. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 
  29. ^ "~GLADES PIKE WINERY~". Glades Pike winery. Retrieved 2007-05-13. 

External links[edit]