Somerset, Pennsylvania

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Somerset, Pennsylvania
Borough
Somerset County Courthouse
Somerset County Courthouse
Somerset, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Somerset, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°00′25″N 79°04′53″W / 40.00694°N 79.08139°W / 40.00694; -79.08139Coordinates: 40°00′25″N 79°04′53″W / 40.00694°N 79.08139°W / 40.00694; -79.08139
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Somerset
Settled 1795
Incorporated March 5, 1804
Government
 • Type Borough Council
Area
 • Total 2.7 sq mi (7 km2)
Elevation 2,190 ft (670 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 6,762
 • Density 2,466.0/sq mi (952.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 15501
Area code(s) 814
Website http://www.somersetborough.com

Somerset /ˈsʌmərsɛt/ is a borough in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 6,277 at the 2010 census.[1] The borough is surrounded by Somerset Township. It is the county seat of Somerset County.[2] Somerset is just off Exit 110 of the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-70 and I-76). Somerset is the principal city of the Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, and is also one of two cities, the other being Johnstown, that make up the larger Johnstown-Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The Somerset County Courthouse and Uptown Somerset Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]

Geography[edit]

Somerset is located at 40°0′25″N 79°4′53″W / 40.00694°N 79.08139°W / 40.00694; -79.08139 (40.006920, -79.081297)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2), all of it land.

Somerset has the ninth-highest elevation of towns in Pennsylvania, at 2,190 feet (670 m) above sea level.[5]

Climate[edit]

Somerset has a humid continental climate that is affected by the high elevation, rendering them colder much of the winter than Altoona, Johnstown, or State College, despite being well south of either location, although the average winter high temperatures are a bit higher. Somerset holds the June and November record lows for the state of Pennsylvania. Somerset is also the only place in Pennsylvania to receive accumulations of snow in June (other places received a partial dusting at most), and due to the arctic air, it was powdery snow that was photographed being swept off porches with brooms.

Climate data for Somerset
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(24)
74
(23)
85
(29)
90
(32)
93
(34)
99
(37)
100
(38)
103
(39)
98
(37)
92
(33)
78
(26)
72
(22)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 37
(3)
39
(4)
47
(8)
59
(15)
70
(21)
77
(25)
81
(27)
79
(26)
73
(23)
63
(17)
49
(9)
39
(4)
59.4
(15.2)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(−7)
19
(−7)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
43
(6)
52
(11)
56
(13)
54
(12)
47
(8)
37
(3)
29
(−2)
21
(−6)
36.3
(2.3)
Record low °F (°C) −28
(−33)
−29
(−34)
−17
(−27)
−3
(−19)
16
(−9)
20
(−7)
33
(1)
29
(−2)
22
(−6)
9
(−13)
−15
(−26)
−25
(−32)
−29
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.23
(82)
2.87
(72.9)
3.92
(99.6)
3.98
(101.1)
4.18
(106.2)
4.14
(105.2)
3.93
(99.8)
3.78
(96)
3.42
(86.9)
2.71
(68.8)
3.15
(80)
3.07
(78)
43.07
(1,094)
Source: PA State Climatologist[6]
West Main Street

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 866
1860 1,001 15.6%
1870 945 −5.6%
1880 1,197 26.7%
1890 1,713 43.1%
1900 1,834 7.1%
1910 2,612 42.4%
1920 3,121 19.5%
1930 4,395 40.8%
1940 5,430 23.5%
1950 5,936 9.3%
1960 6,347 6.9%
1970 6,269 −1.2%
1980 6,474 3.3%
1990 6,454 −0.3%
2000 6,762 4.8%
2010 6,277 −7.2%
Est. 2012 6,182 −1.5%
Sources:[7][8][9]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 6,762 people, 3,035 households, and 1,717 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,466.0 people per square mile (952.9/km²). There were 3,313 housing units at an average density of 1,208.2 per square mile (466.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.80% White, 0.70% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population.

There were 3,035 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.4% were non-families. 38.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the borough the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 82.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $29,050, and the median income for a family was $41,831. Males had a median income of $28,339 versus $19,492 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,310. About 7.8% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

  • Somerset was a central stage for the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794. Several rebellion leaders, including Harmon Husband, lived in Somerset. The federal militia sent to put down the rebellion worked from its headquarters in the nearby town of Berlin. The Whiskey Rebellion was the first major test of the federal authority under the newly adopted U.S. Constitution and under President George Washington.
  • On September 11, 2001, United Airlines Flight 93, bound from Newark, New Jersey, to San Francisco and one of the four planes hijacked that day by al-Qaeda operatives, crashed near Shanksville, killing all 44 persons on board. It is believed that hijackers intended to fly this plane into the U.S. Capitol Building.
  • In July 2002, nine miners were trapped for 77 hours, 240 feet (73 m) underground, by flooding in the Quecreek coal mine, just outside of Somerset. All nine miners were rescued. The Quecreek Mine Rescue was chronicled by journalists from around the world and was televised globally.
  • Somerset Crater on Mars is named after Somerset.

Media[edit]

Television[edit]

Somerset is provided with local coverage from both the Johnstown and Pittsburgh markets


Notable people[edit]

Notable Somersetians include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mike Faher and Randy Griffith (2011-03-09). "Local population drops » Local News » The Tribune Democrat, Johnstown, PA". Tribune-democrat.com. Retrieved 2012-04-23. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Highest Elevation of Towns in Pennsylvania
  6. ^ "Monthly Averages for Somerset, PA". psu.edu. 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-05. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links[edit]