||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2012)|
January 27, 1922 |
New Rochelle, New York, United States
|Education||The Madeira School
Columbia Business School
Board member of
|Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association|
|Spouse(s)||John Bayard Tweedy, Sr.(divorced),
Lennart Ringquist (divorced)
Kate, and John, Jr.
& Helen Bates
|Relatives||siblings: Hollis, Margaret Carmichael|
Helen Bates "Penny" Chenery Tweedy (born January 27, 1922) is an American sportswoman who bred and raced Secretariat, the 1973 winner of the Triple Crown. The youngest of three children, she graduated from The Madeira School in 1939 and earned a Bachelor of Arts from Smith College, then studied at the Columbia Business School, where she met her future husband, John Tweedy, Sr., a Columbia Law School student. In March 2011, Randolph-Macon College in Ashland, Virginia awarded Chenery an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree. Married in May 1949, the couple had four children.
Early Life and Career
Penny Chenery, was born in New Rochelle, New York in 1922 and raised in Pelham Manor, New York. The youngest of three children, she was named Helen Bates Chenery after her mother. Her father Christopher Chenery, a Virginian who grew up poor, was a utilities financier who founded Southern Natural Gas Company, among other utilities. He also founded Meadow Stable, a thoroughbred racing operation and horse breeding business at The Meadow in Caroline County.
Penny was enthralled by horses from a young age, something she believed she learned from her father, whom she idolized. “My father really loved horses. I think a parent often communicates his love to a child.” Learning to ride at age five, she shared many of her father’s interests, and harbored a strong urge to please him. Fulfilling this urge, Penny complied with her father’s wishes concerning her education. For secondary school, she attended the Madeira School in McLean, Virginia, a highly competitive girls' school that has facilities for riding and housing horses brought to the school by a number of students. Following her graduation, she attended Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, and studied American history. After graduating in 1943, Penny worked as an assistant for Gibbs and Cox, a company that designed war craft for the Normandy invasion; subsequent to the invasion, she quit her job. At the urging of her father, Chenery volunteered to join the Red Cross and in 1945 traveled to France as a Doughnut Girl to help war-weary soldiers transition to ships home at the end of World War II.
When Penny Chenery returned from Europe in 1946, her father encouraged her to advance her education by attending the Columbia Business School. To make this proposition more attractive, her father offered to pay his daughter’s way, and give her an allowance as well, equal to the amount of the highest paying job she could get if she did not go to business school. Penny decided to attend, and she was one of twenty women attending that year among eight hundred men. While she was there, she met John Bayard Tweedy, whom she married in May 1949 at the age of twenty-seven. For nineteen years, in Denver, Colorado, she lived the life of a suburban housewife and mother to four children: Sarah, Christopher, Kate, and John Jr. She enjoyed skiing in Vail, Colorado with her husband, riding her horse, Crescent City, and fund-raising for the Red Cross.
Penny Chenery's life changed when her father became disabled. He was admitted to New Rochelle Hospital in late February 1968 and remained there until his death in January 1973. Always profitable, the stable began losing money in the late 1960s, exacerbated by Christopher Chenery's illness. Penny Chenery's siblings originally planned to sell the operation when Mr Chenery could no longer run it. However, Penny Chenery wanted to try to fulfill her father's dream to win the Kentucky Derby. The housewife and mother of four children was elected president of the board of Meadow Stud, which ran the racing stable. In 1969, she fired long-time trainer Casey Hayes. Chenery consulted with longtime family friend and business associate Bull Hancock of Claiborne Farm, and on his advice hired Roger Laurin to train and manage the Meadow Stable horses. Laurin helped to cut costs and return the operation to profitability before leaving to train for the powerful Phipps family stables. In May 1971, Penny Chenery then hired his father, Lucien, and in 1972 they guided the Meadow Farm's colt Riva Ridge to victory in the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes and the two-year-old Secretariat to 1972 American Horse of the Year honors. The following year, Secretariat captured the imagination of racing fans worldwide when he became the first Triple Crown winner in 25 years. Both horses were inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame.
The Breeding of Secretariat
Although Christopher Chenery was recorded as the official breeder of Secretariat, well-known racing columnist Bill Nack wrote in his book on the subject that it was Penny Chenery who made the decision to breed their mare Somethingroyal to Bold Ruler. The first mating in 1968 produced the filly The Bride. The second breeding, in 1969, resulted in Secretariat.
In 1983, Penny Chenery, Martha F. Gerry, and Allaire du Pont became the first women to be admitted as members of The Jockey Club. From 1976 to 1984, Chenery served as president of the Thoroughbred Owners and Breeders Association. Also in 1976, she became a member of the Executive Committee of the American Horse Council, the horse industry trade association in Washington, DC. In 1983, she became the first woman elected as a member of The Jockey Club and has also served as a member of the judges' panel for the Dogwood Dominion Award. In addition, she helped found the Thoroughbred Retirement Foundation, an organization dedicated to saving Thoroughbred horses no longer able to compete on the racetrack from possible neglect, abuse and slaughter.
In addition to breeding Secretariat, Chenery bred Saratoga Dew, who became the first New York-bred horse to ever win an Eclipse Award when the filly was voted the 1992 American Champion Three-Year-Old Filly.
In 2003 the Arlington Park track established the annual "Penny Chenery Distinguished Woman in Racing Award". In 2006, the National Thoroughbred Racing Association honored her with the Eclipse Award of Merit for a lifetime of outstanding achievement in thoroughbred racing. In 2009, she was awarded the Smith College Medal for extraordinary professional achievement and outstanding service to her community.
Chenery was portrayed by actress Diane Lane in the 2010 motion picture Secretariat, released on October 8, 2010. Chenery herself appeared in a cameo role in the film as a spectator at the Belmont Stakes.
- Chenery Tweedy, Kate; Meadows Ladin, Leeanne; Dementi, Wayne (2010). Secretariat's Meadow--The Land, The Family, The Legend. Dementi Milestone Publishing. ISBN 978-0-982-7019-0-4.
- Nack, William (2002). Secretariat: The Making of a Champion. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81133-3.
- Secretariat.com - Penny Chenery
- The story of Secretariat on YouTube
- Video interview with Penny Chenery about Secretariat
- Video interview with Penny Chenery's Children about Secretariat