Shade, the Changing Man
[ Official website]
Peter Milligan is a British writer known for his work in comic books, film, and television.
Milligan started his comic career with short stories for 2000 AD in the early 1980s. By 1986, Milligan had his first ongoing strip in 2000AD called "Bad Company", with artists Brett Ewins and Jim McCarthy. "Bad Company" was a popular future war story and helped Milligan become better known.
Concurrently, Milligan, Ewins and Brendan McCarthy had been working on the anthology title, Strange Days for Eclipse Comics. Strange Days featured three strips, "Paradax", "Freakwave", and "Johnny Nemo". Milligan, McCarthy and Ewins produced three issues of this psychedelic comic, it was not a great seller but it picked up a small, loyal readership. The most conventional strip, "Johnny Nemo", had its own series, while the more quirky "Paradax" had a two issue series published by Vortex Comics in 1987.
By 1989 Milligan was swapping between strips such as "Bad Company", while still writing material in 2000AD, such as "Hewligan's Haircut" with artist Jamie Hewlett. Milligan and artist Jim McCarthy created the Steve Ditko-inspired "Bix Barton". This was first run as a black and white strip for its first outing, "Barton's Beasts"; the second strip was called "Carry On Barton" (originally "Carry On Snuffing"). The strip was very popular and was a precursor of "Devlin Waugh" and others.
In 1989 he had his first work published by DC Comics. Skreemer was a six issue mini series (May 1989 – October 1989) drawn by Brett Ewins that was somewhat lost in the midst of the so-called "British Invasion" of American comics of the time. A dark post-apocalyptic gangster story, it did receive critical acclaim but did not sell well. Milligan however was soon to become a regular writer for DC while still working on his more personal comics in the United Kingdom in comics such as 2000 AD, and its spin off titles Crisis and Revolver.
Skin (art by Brendan McCarthy) was the story of a young thalidomide skinhead in 1970s London, and his attempts to deal with his disability and the world in general. The strip was due to feature in Crisis in 1990 but the publishers, Fleetway were worried by the controversial subject matter, plus they were concerned with the explicit use of language in the story. The printers refused to print it, blaming the graphic language and controversial subject matter as a reason. The story remained in limbo until eventually being published as a graphic novel by Tundra Press to little controversy.
The 1990s saw Milligan revamp Steve Ditko's character Shade, the Changing Man for DC Comics. This proved his most successful American comic, and came at the end of the first wave of "The British Invasion". With issue No. 33 (March 1993), it became part of the Vertigo imprint. It was cancelled with issue No. 70 (April 1996). A one-off story marking Vertigo's tenth anniversary was published in 2003.
Milligan succeeded Grant Morrison on Animal Man for a six-issue run in 1990–1991, and became the regular writer of Batman in Detective Comics in the same year. During an editorial meeting, Milligan presented the idea that led to the creation of Azrael, who became Batman during the "Knightfall" crossover.
Milligan and artist Duncan Fegredo created Enigma for Disney Comics' planned Touchmark imprint. When the Touchmark line was cancelled, the project moved to DC's newly launched Vertigo line in 1993. Milligan quickly followed this up with The Extremist with artist Ted McKeever. Both titles dealt with taboo subjects for a mainstream publisher, but were applauded by their handling of these subjects.
Milligan and artist Mike Deodato launched the Elektra series for Marvel Comics in November 1996. Milligan spent the remainder of the decade writing one-off specials such as Face and The Eaters, or miniseries like Egypt and Tank Girl (with its creator Jamie Hewlett providing art), as well as acting as advisory editor to Paul Honeyford's Fighting Figurines. Milligan and Brendan McCarthy's psychedelic comic Rogan Gosh was reprinted in a collected edition by Vertigo in 1996, after being first serialised six years earlier in Revolver.
X-Force / X-Statix
In 2001, Marvel Comics' new editor-in-chief Joe Quesada began revamping the X-Men family of titles. Milligan and artist Mike Allred took over X-Force with issue No. 116 (July 2001), and immediately replaced the book's Rob Liefeld-styled team with a more satirical one: the Orphan, the Anarchist, U-Go Girl, Phat, Vivisector, Venus Dee Milo, Dead Girl and Doop.
X-Force was cancelled with issue No. 129 (August 2002), and replaced by a new title, X-Statix, with Milligan and Allred continuing as the creative force. Milligan proposed a character based on a resurrected Princess Diana. News spread to the British tabloid newspaper The Daily Mail, which strongly objected. Eventually the character was altered, as were the references to the British Royal Family. X-Statix was cancelled with issue No. 26 (Oct. 2004).
He wrote issues #166–187 of X-Men, teamed with artist Salvador Larroca, in 2005. Milligan returned to The Human Target with the graphic novel Final Cut, followed by all 21 issues of the subsequent series for Vertigo. In 2006, he wrote the X-Statix Presents: Dead Girl five-issue miniseries for Marvel collaborating with artist Nick Dragotta and co-creator Mike Allred. The following year he wrote an Infinity, Inc. limited series for DC and The Programme for Wildstorm, starring of a Soviet Cold War superhero. Milligan was involved in 2007's Batman crossover, "The Resurrection of Ra's al Ghul", by writing the lead-in Batman Annual No. 26, as well as the parts of the storyline in the Robin monthly title.
In late 2008, Milligan was named writer for the long-running Vertigo series Hellblazer, and wrote that imprint's Greek Street, Additionally, for Marvel, he wrote the 2008 one-shot Moon Knight: Silent Knight, with artist Laurence Campbell.
Following DC's 2011 relaunch, Milligan became the writer of Red Lanterns, an ongoing series featuring the Red Lantern Corps, which debuted in September 2011. He wrote Justice League Dark, a spin-off of the Justice League franchise, starring John Constantine and Shade, the Changing Man. up to issue No. 8 (June 2012), following which he moved to Stormwatch from issue No. 9 (July 2012).
Titles published by Fleetway include:
- 2000 AD: (1981)
- Tharg's Future Shocks in No. 216, 365, 371, 374–375, 390–391, 394, 398, 402, 404, 407–409, 420, 426, 434–442, 462 (1981–1986)
- Sooner or Later in 468–499, 614–617 (1986–1989)
- Bad Company in #500–519, 548–557, 576–585, 601, 828–837, 1273–1277, Annual '89, 'Annual '90, Annual '01,1986–2002)
- Rogue Trooper in Sci-Fi Special '86, Annual '87 (1986)
- The Dead in #510–519 (1987)
- Freaks in #542–547 (1987)
- Judge Anderson in Annual '88, (1987)
- Tribal Memories in #585–588 (1988)
- Bix Barton in #663–668, 723–728, 737–741, 761–766, 912–917 Sci-Fi Special '90, Winter Special '90, Yearbook '93, Sci-Fi Special '93 (1990–1994)
- Shadows in #672–681 (1990)
- Hewligan's Haircut in #700–707 (1990)
- Judge Dredd: "Judge Planet" in Judge Dredd Mega Special (1991)
- Rogan Gosh: Star of the East in Revolver #1–6 (1990)
Other UK publishers
Titles published by various British publishers include:
- Vanguard Illustrated (Pacific Comics):
- "Freakwave!" in #1–3, (1983–1984)
- "The God Run" in No. 6, 1984)
- Eclipse Comics:
- A1 No. 2, 5
- True Life Bikini Confidential (1990)
Titles published by DC Comics include:
- Batman #452–454, 472–473 (1990–1991), Annual No. 26 (2007)
- The Resurrection of Ra's al Ghul (hc, 256 pages, 2008, ISBN 1-4012-1785-0; tpb, 2009, ISBN 1-4012-2032-0) includes:
- Robin #168–189 (2008)
- Detective Comics #629–633, 638–640, 643, 842 (1991–1992, 2008
- Batman: Catwoman Defiant (with Tom Grindberg, graphic novel, tpb, 48 pages, 1992, ISBN 1-56389-071-2)
- Scarecrow: "Mistress of Fear" (with Duncan Fegredo, one-shot, 1998) collected in Scarecrow Tales (tpb, 176 pages, 2005, ISBN 1-4012-0443-0)
- Batman Confidential #31–35 (2009)
- Generation Hex: "Humanity's Last Stand" (1997)
- JLA Classified #37–41 (2007)
- Infinity, Inc. #1–5, 8–12 (2007–2008)
- Flashpoint: Secret Seven #1–3 (2011)
- Justice League Dark #1–8 (2011–2012)
- Red Lanterns #0–20 (2011–2013)
Titles published by DC Comics' Vertigo imprint include:
- Skreemer #1–6 (1989)
- Shade, the Changing Man #1–70 (1991–1996)
- "One Girl's Crazy Story" in Vertigo X Anniversary Preview (2003)
- Animal Man #27–32
- Enigma #1–8 (1993)
- The Extremist #1–4 (1993)
- Tank Girl #1–4 (1995)
- Movie Adaptation graphic novel (1995)
- Face one-shot (1995)
- Egypt #1–7 (1995–1996)
- The Eaters one-shot (1995)
- Girl #1–3 (1996)
- Weird War Tales No. 4 (1997)
- The Minx #1–8 (1998–1999)
- Heartthrobs No. 3 (1999)
- Human Target:
- Human Target (miniseries) #1–4 (1999)
- Human Target (ongoing series) #1–21 (2003–2005)
- Weird Western Tales No. 4 (2001)
- Vertigo Pop! London #1–4 (2003)
- Hellblazer #250–300 (2009–2013)
- Greek Street #1–16 (2010–2011)
- House of Mystery Halloween Annual #1–2 (2009–2010)
- Vertigo Crime: The Bronx Kill graphic novel (2010)
- Strange Adventures: "P•A•R•T•N•E•R•S" one-shot (2011)
Titles published by Marvel include:
- Archangel: Phantom Wings one-shot (1996)
- The Further Adventures of Cyclops and Phoenix #1–4 (1996)
- Magneto #1–4 (1996–1997)
- X-Force #116–129 (2001–2002)
- X-Statix #1–26 (2002–2004)
- Wolverine/Doop #1–2 (2003)
- X-Statix Presents: Dead Girl #1–5 (2006)
- I ♥ Marvel: My Mutant Heartone-shot (2006)
- Nation X No. 4 (2010)
- Wolverine/Punisher #1–5 (2004)
- X-Men #166–187 (2005–2006)
- Elektra #1–13, 17 (1996–1998)
- Moon Knight: "Silent Knight" one-shot (2008)
- Sub-Mariner: The Depths #1–5 (2008–2009)
- Dark Reign: The Cabal one-shot (2009)
- Thor Annual #1: (2009)
- The Trial of Thor one-shot (2009)
- The Rage of Thor one-shot (2010)
- Daredevil: Black & White one-shot (2010)
- The Mystic Hands of Dr. Strange one-shot (2010)
- 5 Ronin #1–5 (2011)
- Fear Itself: The Home Front #1–4 (2011)
Other US publishers
Titles published by various American publishers include:
- Skin (with Brendan McCarthy and Carol Swain, graphic novel, 48 pages, Tundra Publishing, 1992, ISBN 1-85809-000-8)
- A1 #2–4: "King Leon" (with Jamie Hewlett, Epic, 1992)
- Aliens: Sacrifice (with Paul Johnson, one-shot, Dark Horse, 1993) collected in Aliens: Salvation and Sacrifice (tpb, 112 pages, 2001, ISBN 1-56971-561-0)
- The Dark Gate: "The Hunger Artists" (with Brett Ewins, Cyberosia, 2004)
- The Programme (with C. P. Smith, Wildstorm, 2007–2008) collected as:
- Army of Two #1–6: "Across the Border" (with Dexter Soy, IDW Publishing, 2010) collected as Army of Two (tpb, 144 pages, 2010, ISBN 1-60010-739-7)
- After Dark #0–3 (with Sara Biddle, Jeff Nentrup and Leonardo Manco, Radical Comics, 2010–2011)
- Peter Milligan at the Grand Comics Database
- MacManus, Steve, ed. (11 November 1989). "Intro". Crisis (31). ISSN 0955-6885. OCLC 263491671.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1990s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. Dorling Kindersley. p. 246. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. "Writer Peter Milligan, alongside artist Chris Bachalo and psychedelic cover artist Brendan McCarthy breathed new life into the bizarre world of Shade, the Changing Man, reimagining the obscure Steve Ditko character for a brave new world."
- Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 262
- Irvine, Alex (2008), "Animal Man", in Dougall, Alastair, The Vertigo Encyclopedia, New York: Dorling Kindersley, p. 27, ISBN 0-7566-4122-5, OCLC 213309015
- Tezak, Jek (n.d.). "An Interview with Dennis O'Neil". Knightfallsaga. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012.
- Boney, Alex (July 2012). "From Such great Heights: The Birth of Vertigo Comics". Back Issue (TwoMorrows Publishing) (57): 68–69.
- Irvine "Enigma" in Dougall, p. 66
- Irvine "The Extremist" in Dougall, p. 71
- Burgas, Greg (18 February 2007). "Comics You Should Own – Enigma". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- Burgas, Greg (9 April 2007). "Comics You Should Own – The Extremist". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1990s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. Dorling Kindersley. p. 280. ISBN 978-0756641238. "Finally given her own ongoing series by writer Peter Milligan and artist Mike Deodato, Elektra found a new use for her grace and skill after defeating a group of ninjas."
- Irvine "Human Target" in Dougall, pp. 90–91
- Manning "2000s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 306: "X-Force, an X-Men spinoff, received a makeover in July  thanks to writer Peter Milligan and artist Mike Allred. A mixture of dark comedy and underground heroics, X-Force received critical acclaim, but a mixed reaction from fans."
- Guidara, Marissa (September 2002). "Skreemer to X-Statix: Peter Milligan". Sequentialtart.com.
- Milligan, Peter (25 June 2003). "Princess Diana, superhero". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013.
- "Peter Milligan Filmography". The New York Times. n.d. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- Furey, Emmett (29 March 2007). "Infinity Inc. and Beyond: Talking with Peter Milligan". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012.
- Furey, Emmett (19 July 2007). "Peter Milligan Gets with The Programme". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
- "Switch Meta4orce Credits". BBC. n.d. Archived from the original on 6 August 2011.
- Manning, Shaun (3 December 2008). "Peter Milligan Talks Hellblazer". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
- Phegley, Kiel (8 June 2009). "Peter Milligan on Greek Street". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
- Arrant, Chris (12 June 2009). "Ancient is Modern: Peter Milligan on Greek Street". Newsarama. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2009.
- Richards, Dave (18 November 2008). "O Holy Knight: Milligan on Moon Knight Xmas Special". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
- Trunick, Austin (3 January 2011). "DCU in 2011: Peter Milligan announces Red Lanterns". The Source. DC Comics. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Renaud, Jeffrey (21 January 2011). "Total RechargeE: Milligan on Red Lanterns". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Rogers, Vaneta (9 June 2011). "Milligan: DCnU Justice League Spin-off 'Emotionally Dark'". Newsarama. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
- Campbell, Josie (20 March 2012). "Milligan Takes Charge of Stormwatch". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013. Archive requires scrolldown
- Official website
- Peter Milligan at the Comic Book DB
- Peter Milligan at the Internet Movie Database
- Peter Milligan at Mike's Amazing World of Comics
- Peter Milligan at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
- Interview with Peter Milligan, Liberation Frequency, 23 June 2009
|Detective Comics writer
|X-Men vol. 2
|Justice League Dark writer