Phil Irving

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Philip Edward Irving MBE, C.Eng., F.I.Mech.E., M.S.A.E., (1903–1992) was an Australian engineer and author, most famous for the Repco-Brabham[1] Formula One and Vincent motorcycle engines. He also designed Velocette motorcycles and drew the engine of the 1960 EMC 125cc racer.

Early life[edit]

Irving was the son of a medical doctor who had a 600 square-mile practice in Western Victoria which he travelled around using a Swift car and two motorcycles, a belt-drive Triumph and a four cylinder FN. Due to a lack of local repair facilities, Dr. Irving performed all the maintenance at home.

After three years attendance at Wesley College, Phil Irving obtained a scholarship to Melbourne Technical College studying a diploma course in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering where he designed and partially made his first engine, a small air-cooled two-stroke. He didn't finish the course or the engine, leaving early on the strength of his college studies and accomplishments to take his first job.[2]

Working career[edit]

Irving's first engineering job started in 1922 working for the Australian engineer Anthony Michell at the firm of Crankless Engines Ltd in Fitzroy, Victoria.[3][4] At the firm worked under both Michell and engineer T.L. Sherman. Irving said: "It was the greatest stroke of luck imaginable that I started work under two such eminent men...".[5]

Between 1926 and 1929 Irving jointly owned and operated a motorcycle workshop in the regional town of Ballarat, Australia with Ken Granter.[6] As the economic climate harshened in 1929 business at the shop slumped and it was forced to close.[7] A historic plaque commemorates the former location of the workshop at 28 Doveton Street, Ballarat in Victoria.[8]

In 1930, he left Australia and travelled to Britain as pillion passenger and mechanic to John Gill, a Scottish engineer, on the return-leg of Gill's World motorcycle and sidecar journey from UK to Australia and back, using a 600 cc sidevalve engined Vincent HRD, giving press-exposure to the business.[9]

On arrival in UK Irving obtained employment at Velocette as a design and production engineer working on metallurgy, developing pioneering techniques to form aluminium castings around the cast-iron barrels used for the motorcycle engine cylinders.[10]

Just before the 1931 British motorcycle show - traditionally held late in the year to showcase the manufacturers' next MY (model year) range – Philip Vincent offered Irving work at his business in Stevenage (alongside engineer E.J. Massey from the original HRD company) where they commenced a lifelong friendship.[9]

Irving had two stints working for Vincent; in the early thirties and from 1943 when he worked at Stevenage as Vincent's Chief Engineer.

From 1937 to 1942 he again worked for Velocette at their Hall Green Factory in Birmingham, where he designed and patented a number of features including the famed rear suspension adjustment used on the post war spring-frame Velocettes. It was also used on the LE Velocette, a motorcycle he sketched during his war years at the company. Irving also designed the prototype Model 'O' Velocette, a shaft-drive twin cylinder machine of 600cc capacity and loosely based on the supercharged 500cc racing machine known as 'The Roarer'.

In 1942 he moved to London and worked with Joe Craig at Associated Motor Cycles Ltd at Plumstead.

In July 1943 Phillip Vincent wrote to him and invited him to return to the Vincent HRD company at Stevenage to develop the opposed piston two stroke engine to be fitted to the eleven man airborne lifeboat.

Irving remained in UK until 1949 when he returned home to Australia, after the Vincent motorcycle business was put into receivership under Mr C E Baillie.[9][11]

During the 1930s and 40s, Phil Irving wrote a technical column in Motor Cycling magazine under the pseudonym 'Slide Rule' [12] some of which were later reprinted in book form as Motorcycle Technicalities. Amongst the other books he authored are Tuning For Speed, Motorcycle Engineering and his autobiography, Phil Irving – An Autobiography.

At the 1960 Isle of Man TT Races, Dr Josef Ehrlich, the owner of Ehrlich Motor Cycles (EMC Motorcycles) commissioned Irving to 'reverse-engineer' an MZ 125cc racing engine supplied by Ehrlich and to produce the working drawings of a water-cooled variant which became the 1961 EMC 125cc water-cooled single cylinder racing engine.[13]

At the end of 1963, Irving was approached by Jack Brabham to design a simple, lightweight and powerful 3-litre V8 engine for the upcoming change in Formula One engine specifications due for 1966. This engine was built around the 3.5-litre Oldsmobile V8 cylinder block design[14] and became known as the RB620. It incorporated some 'off-the-'shelf' technology such as Vincent valve inspection caps[15] and BSA 500cc Gold Star cam profiles.[16] Jack Brabham won the 1966 Formula 1 Driver's Championship and the Manufacturers' Championship using this engine.

In 1949 Irving became Vice-President of the Vincent HRD Owners Club and continued in that role until the death of Phil Vincent in 1979 when he rose to President (an honorary title). Irving held the presidency until his death on 14 January 1992.[17]

Irving was awarded an MBE (Member of the British Empire) in the Queen's 1976 New Year Honours List for his "services to automotive engineering". His award was announced in the Supplement to The London Gazette dated 31 December 1976.[18]

Later life[edit]

In later life, Irving lived permanently in Australia based at Warrandyte, on the outskirts of Melbourne, where he had a small workshop. He never stopped his practical involvement with engines and especially with Vincent motorcycles. Just a few weeks before his death and aged 89 years, he was still working on Harley Davidson motorcycles at Midwest Harley in Ballarat, Australia. Its owner Ken James said: "You can't stop Phil; he just needs to be around engines and make them sing".

Irving's life was devoted to his passion for motorcycles and motor racing. An Australian business KH Equipment Pty. Ltd continues to build and improve on the Vincent concept using the name Irving Vincent[19] in Hallam, Victoria, Australia.

To honour Irving's 'great achievements', the Confederation of Australian Motor Sport named its highest engineering award the Phil Irving Award, conferred on an individual Australian engineer or Australian engineering company demonstrating outstanding skills and achievements when contributing to competitive motor sport. One of the recipients was race car engineer Ron Tauranac in 2003.[20]

There is also a Phil Irving Trophy motorcycle race held at Phillip Island during its annual Island Classic race meeting.[21]

Published books[edit]

  • Irving, P.E. (1986) [1948]. Tuning for Speed (6th ed.). Menoshire. ISBN 0-908031-29-7. 
  • — (1961). Motorcycle Engineering (1st ed.). Temple Press. 
  • — (1962). Automobile Engine Tuning. London: Temple Press Books. 
  • — (1967). Two-Stroke Power Units. London: Newnes. 
  • — (1976). Rich Mixture: A Motorcycle Miscellany. Australia,: Research Publications. 
  • — (1977). Black Smoke. Australia,. 
  • — (1979). Restoring & Tuning Classic Motorcycles. 
  • — (2004) [1983]. Motorcycle Technicalities. Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-82-3. 
  • — (1992). Phil Irving – An Autobiography. Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sir Jack Brabham biog.
  2. ^ Motorcycle Sport, December 1979 p.662 A flair for design:P.E. Irving Accessed and added 12 June 2014
  3. ^ Page 117 of Phil Irving – An Autobiography (1st ed.). Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1
  4. ^ http://museumvictoria.com.au/collections/themes/3625/crankless-engines-aust-pty-ltd-engineers-melbourne-a-g-m-michell-1870-1959-engineer-inventor
  5. ^ Page 32 of Phil Irving – An Autobiography (1st ed.). Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1
  6. ^ Page 96 of Phil Irving – An Autobiography (1st ed.). Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1
  7. ^ Page 117 of Phil Irving – An Autobiography (1st ed.). Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1
  8. ^ http://fluxriders.net/content/plaque-footpath-28-doveton-street-ballarat
  9. ^ a b c Motorcycle Sport, July 1979, p.350 P.C.Vincent - A tribute by R.R.H. (Robert 'Bob' Holliday, ex-editor of Motor Cycling) Accessed and added 26 September 2014
  10. ^ Classic Bike, September 2002, The Vincent Story - The people behind the marque, by Dave Minton. "Phil Irving. Following his highly regarded pioneering cylinder casting work for Velocette, in which aluminium cylinders were bonded to the cast iron barrel, Irving was invited by PCV to join him in the design of a brand new model. It became the redoubtable 500cc Meteor.". p.20 Accessed and added 2014-09-26
  11. ^ Classic Bike, September 2002, The Vincent Story - Timeline, by Dave Minton. "1949. Vincent bankers appoint an offical receiver Mr C E Baillie...Irving leaves and returns to Australia". p.29 Accessed and added 2014-09-26
  12. ^ http://www.bevenyoung.com.au/prdt1315.htm
  13. ^ Pages 501, 507 and 516 of Phil Irving – An Autobiography (1st ed.). Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1
  14. ^ Page 538 of Phil Irving – An Autobiography (1st ed.). Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1
  15. ^ Page 540 of Phil Irving – An Autobiography (1st ed.). Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1
  16. ^ Page 545 of Phil Irving – An Autobiography (1st ed.). Turton & Armstrong Pty. ISBN 0-908031-49-1
  17. ^ http://www.voc.uk.com/net/docs/19.1/19-686-23.pdf
  18. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/47102/supplements/22/page.pdf
  19. ^ http://www.irvingvincent.com/
  20. ^ Phil Irving Award, Confederation of Australian Motor Sport Retrieved 2014-09-26
  21. ^ Phillip Island Circuit Retrieved 2014-09-26