Philip William, Elector Palatine
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Philip William in 1685
|Spouse||Anna Catherine Constance Vasa
Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
|Eleonor Madeleine, Holy Roman Empress
John William, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Alexander Sigismund, Bishop of Augsburg
Francis Louis, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Sophia, Queen of Portugal
Maria Anna, Queen of Spain
Dorothea Sophie, Duchess of Parma
Hedwig Elisabeth, Princess Sobieski
|House||House of Wittelsbach|
|Father||Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg|
|Mother||Magdalene of Bavaria|
24 November 1615|
New Palace, Gießen, Germany
|Died||2 September 1690
|Burial||Neuburg an der Donau, Germany|
Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. Son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria.
In 1685, with the death of his Protestant cousin, the Elector Palatine Charles II, Philip William inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, which thus switched from a Protestant to a Catholic territory. The rival claims to the Palatinate of the Duchess of Orléans, Louis XIV's sister-in-law, was the pretext for the French invasion of the Palatinate in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.
He married twice; first to Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Anna of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth. Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651.
In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm was married to Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt, with whom he had 17 children, including the next two Palatine Electors, John William and Charles III Philip but also Elector-Archbishop Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg.
The second marriage, a 37-year-long marriage was regarded as extremely happy and over its course, produced 17 children, many of which have descendants today. In the early years of their marriage, the couple lived in Düsseldorf, where they founded churches and monasteries.
- Eleonore Magdalene (1655–1720), married in 1676 Leopold I of Austria had issue; present House of Habsburg descend from them;
- Maria Adelheid Anna (Neuburg 6 January 1656 – Düsseldorf 22 December 1656);
- Sophia Elisabeth (Düsseldorf 25 May 1657 – 7 February 1658);
- Johann Wilhelm Josef (1658–1716), Elector Palatine 1690-1716 married Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria and later Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, no issue;
- Wolfgang George Frederik (Düsseldorf 5 June 1659 – Vienna 4 June 1683), elect of Breslau 1682-1683;
- Ludwig Anton (Düsseldorf 9 June 1660 – Liege 4 May 1694), bishop of Worms 1693-1694;Had issue. One son, born 1693.
- Charles Philip (1661–1742), Elector Palatine 1716-1742 married Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł and had issue; married again to Teresa Lubomirska and had issue;
- Alexander Sigismund von der Pfalz-Neuburg (Neuburg 16 April 1663 – Augsburg 24 January 1737), bishop of Augsburg 1691-1737
- Franz Ludwig (Neuburg 18 July 1664 – Wrocław 6 April 1732), archbishop en Count palatine of Trier 1716-1729 and Mainz 1729-1732;
- Frederik Wilhelm (Düsseldorf 1665 – Mainz 1689);
- Maria Sophia Elisabeth (1666–1699); married in 1687 to Peter II of Portugal, present House of Braganza and Brazilian pretenders descend from them; present rulers of Spain, Belgium and Luxembourg and pretenders of Italy and the Two Sicilies descend from them;
- Maria Anna (1667–1740) married in 1690 to Charles II of Spain, no issue;
- Philip William August (Neuburg 19 November 1668 – Reichstadt 5 April 1693), married in 1690 to Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg;
- Dorothea Sophie (1670–1748), married in 1690 to Odoardo Farnese, Hereditary Prince of Parma, and was the mother of Elisabeth Farnese, future queen of Spain; present rulers of Spain, Belgium and Luxembourg and pretenders of Italy and the Two Sicilies descend from them;
- Hedwig Elisabeth Amalia (1673–1722), married in 1691 to crown prince James Louis Sobieski of Poland; present Princes of Guéméné descend from them;
- Johan (Düsseldorf 1675 - 1675);
- Leopoldine Eleonora Jozefa (Neuburg 1679 – Düsseldorf 1693).
Media related to Philip William, Elector Palatine at Wikimedia Commons
Philip William, Elector PalatineBorn: 1615 Died: 1690
|Count Palatine of Neuburg
|Duke of Jülich
Duke of Berg