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The Pittsburgh Agreement paved the way for the creation of the state of Czechoslovakia and was signed by a group of 29 Czechs and Slovaks on May 31, 1918. The agreement, signed in the Moose Hall in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, declared the intent of the American representatives of Bohemia, Moravia, Slovakia, and Czech Silesia, to create an independent state to be known as Czecho-Slovakia, as spelled in the document, and is often compared to the United States' Declaration of Independence.
On October 18, 1918, the primary author of the agreement, T. G. Masaryk, declared the independence of Czechoslovakia. He was elected the first President of an independent Czechoslovakia in November 1918.
Because the biggest group of politically active Slovaks was in the United States, when the Czechs and Slovaks decided to come together in a nation state, the agreement was signed in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
The Pittsburgh Agreement proclaimed that the groups would work for mutual independence to form one country: “Czecho-Slovakia.” The document guaranteed autonomy for Slovaks under one state including the right to create an assembly. The Martin Declaration created by the Slovak National Council provided for Slovak assent in joining a united Czecho-Slovak Republic. In 1920, the Constitution of the Czechoslovak Republic was adopted by the National Assembly without provision for an autonomous Slovak entity.
A subsequently signed calligraphic version was donated on September 9, 2007 to the John Heinz History Center in Pittsburgh, at a public ceremony attended by Representatives of many Slovak and Czech cultural organizations and Sokols, as well as government officials from Slovakia, The Czech Republic, and The United States of America. This copy remains in the History Center's collection, but many copies of the calligraphic version are present in various places worldwide.
- Albert Mamatey (Slovak)
- Ivan Bielek (Slovak)
- Ján Janček, Jr. (Slovak)
- Matúš Gazdík (Slovak)
- Milan Getting (Slovak)
- Ján Pankúch (Slovak)
- Gejza H. Mika (Slovak)
- Michal Bosák (Slovak)
- Ignác Gessay (Slovak)
- Rev. Jozef Murgaš (Slovak)
- Jozef Hušek (Slovak)
- Rev. Ján Kubašek (Slovak)
- Andrej Schustek (Slovak)
- Rev. L. Jozef Karlovský (Slovak)
- Rev. Pavel Šiška (Slovak)
- J. A. Ferienčík (Slovak)
- Ivan Daxner (Slovak)
- Tomáš G. Masaryk (Czech)
- Karel Pergler (Czech)
- Ludvík Fisher (Czech)
- B. Simek (Czech)
- J. J. Zmrhal (Czech)
- Josef Martínek (Czech)
- Hynek Dostál (Czech)
- Rev. Oldřich Zlámal (Czech)
- Vojta Beneš (Czech)
- Rev. Innocent Kestl (Czech)
- Jan Straka (Czech)
- Dr. Joseph P. Pecivál (Czech)
- Votruba, Martin. "Pittsburgh Agreement". Slovak Studies Program. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Votruba, Martin. "Czecho-Slovakia or Czechoslovakia?". Archived from the original on 2008-11-30. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- "Czechoslovakia 1918-1992 in Dates". Radio Prague. Retrieved 2007 - 05 - 02.
- "A Brief History of the Slovak Republic". Office of the President of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 2007 - 05 - 02.
- Original Pittsburgh agreement on Czechoslovakia to return to Pittsburgh February 27, 2007 PopCityMedia.com website.
- Important dates from the life of T.G. Masaryk, the first president of the ČSR, Consulate General of Czech Republic in Montreal
- History of Slovakia Embassy of the Slovak Republic in the United States of America
- Pittsburgh Agreement, University of Pittsburgh