Platonov (Russian: Платонов also known as Fatherlessness and A Play Without a Title) is the name in English given to an early, untitled play written in Russian by Anton Chekhov in 1878. It was the first large-scale drama by Chekhov written specifically for Maria Yermolova, rising star of Maly Theatre. Yermolova rejected the play and it was not published until 1923.
The lead character is "Mikhail Platonov", a disillusioned provincial schoolmaster, and his name is used for the title in English translations. The work has been adapted and produced at the Almeida Theatre in London, the Bristol Old Vic, and by the Soulpepper Theatre Company in Toronto. Translated and adapted by Alex Szogyi under the title A Country Scandal, the play's American premiere took place at Off-Broadway's Greenwich Mews Theatre on May 5, 1960, garnering unanimous glowing reviews and running for two seasons. The role of Platonov was played by Mark Lenard, who later appeared as Ambassador Sarek in Star Trek's television series and motion pictures. Amnon Kabatchnik directed. Richard Bianchi designed the set. A Country Scandal was published in hardcover by Coward-McCann in 1960, and as an acting version by Samuel French in 1961. A widely-performed adaptation by playwright Michael Frayn, given the title Wild Honey, appeared in 1984. Chekhov's own text, which despite a running time of about five hours he never thought of as finished, is seldom played. However in 1997 the director Lev Dodin and the Maly Theatre of St Petersburg presented a faithful, and once again untitled, version at the annual Weimar arts festival. The running time was four hours. The production was taken to St Petersburg and Milan later that year. Five performances were mounted at the Barbican Arts Centre, London, in June 1999. A new version translated and adapted by Ilya Khodosh was produced at the Yale School of Drama in October 2013.