Politics of French Polynesia

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
French Polynesia

Politics of French Polynesia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivity, whereby the President of French Polynesia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of French Polynesia.

Between 1946 and 2003, French Polynesia had the status of an overseas territory (French: territoire d'outre-mer, or TOM). In 2003 it became an overseas collectivity (French: collectivité d'outre-mer, or COM). Its statutory law of 27 February 2004 gives it the particular designation of "overseas country" to underline the large autonomy of the territory.

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
High Commissioner Jean-Pierre Laflaquière Non-Partisan 3 September 2012
President of French Polynesia Oscar Temaru Tavini Huiraatira 1 April 2011
President of the Assembly Jacqui Drollet Ia Mana te Nunaa 14 April 2011

The President of the French Republic is represented by the High Commissioner of the Republic in French Polynesia (Haut-Commissaire de la République en Polynésie française). The government is headed by the President of French Polynesia. He submits as Council of Ministers a list of members of the Territorial Assembly, the Assembly of French Polynesia (Assemblée de la Polynésie française), for approval by them to serve as ministers. It has been hinted new elected president on September 14 will be an interim president before a new round of fresh parliamentary elections expected to take place by the end of the year, followed by a new presidential election.

Legislative branch[edit]

French Polynesia elects the Assembly of French Polynesia (Assemblée de la Polynésie française), the unicameral legislature on the territorial level. The Assembly of French Polynesia has 57 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies. Since the territorial elections of March 6, 2001, the parity bill now binds that the number of women matches the number of men at the Assembly.

Political parties and elections[edit]

For other political parties see List of political parties in French Polynesia. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in French Polynesia.
e • d Summary of the 23 May 2004 and 13 February 2005 Assembly of French Polynesia election results
Alliances and parties Votes % Seats
Tahoera'a Huiraatira (Popular Rally) 45.2 27
Union for the Democracy (Union pour la Démocratie) 49.1 28
Alliance for a New Democracy (Alliance pour une Démocratie Nouvelle) 2
Total (turnout 78.3 %)   57
Source: Rulers. By-elections were held 13 February 2005 in Tahiti and Moorea after the election was invalidated in these districts (37 of the total 57 seats).

The members of the Assembly of French Polynesia are elected in 6 different electoral districts or electoral circumscriptions (French: circonscriptions électorales) which slightly differ from the administrative subdivisions (subdivisions administratives) on the Tuamotus and the Gambier Islands. The 6 electoral circumscriptions (circonscriptions électorales) are:

  • electoral circumscription of the Windward Islands (circonscription des Îles du Vent) (37 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Leeward Islands (circonscription des Îles Sous-le-Vent) (8 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Austral Islands (circonscription des Îles Australes) (3 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Gambier Islands and the Islands Tuamotu-East (circonscription des Îles Gambier et Tuamotu Est) (3 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Islands Tuamotu-West (circonscription des Îles Tuamotu Ouest) (3 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Marquesas Islands (circonscription des Îles Marquises) (3 members)

2007 elections[edit]

On September 14, 2007, Oscar Temaru, 63, was elected president of French Polynesia for the 3rd time in 3 years (with 27 of 44 votes cast in Tahiti assembly). He replaced former President Gaston Tong Sang, who lost a no-confidence vote in the 31 August parliament.[1]

Judicial branch[edit]

Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif.

Administrative divisions[edit]

French Polynesia has 5 administrative subdivisions (French: subdivisions administratives):

note: Clipperton Island (French: Île de Clipperton), just off the coast of Mexico, was administered by France from French Polynesia.

International organization participation[edit]

ESCAP (associate), FZ, ITUC, SPC, WMO

See also[edit]

External links[edit]