Politics of French Polynesia

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Coat of arms of French Polynesia.svg
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politics and government of
French Polynesia

Politics of French Polynesia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivity, whereby the President of French Polynesia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of French Polynesia.

Between 1946 and 2003, French Polynesia had the status of an overseas territory (French: territoire d'outre-mer, or TOM). In 2003 it became an overseas collectivity (French: collectivité d'outre-mer, or COM). Its statutory law of 27 February 2004 gives it the particular designation of "overseas country" to underline the large autonomy of the territory.

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
High Commissioner Lionel Beffre Non-Partisan 13 September 2013
President of French Polynesia Édouard Fritch Tahoera'a Huiraatira 12 September 2014
President of the Assembly Marcel Tuihani Tahoera'a Huiraatira 16 September 2014

The President of the French Republic is represented by the High Commissioner of the Republic in French Polynesia (Haut-Commissaire de la République en Polynésie française). The government is headed by the President of French Polynesia. He submits as Council of Ministers a list of members of the Territorial Assembly, the Assembly of French Polynesia (Assemblée de la Polynésie française), for approval by them to serve as ministers. It has been hinted new elected president on September 14 will be an interim president before a new round of fresh parliamentary elections expected to take place by the end of the year, followed by a new presidential election.

Legislative branch[edit]

French Polynesia elects the Assembly of French Polynesia (Assemblée de la Polynésie française), the unicameral legislature on the territorial level. The Assembly of French Polynesia has 57 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies. Since the territorial elections of March 6, 2001, the parity bill now binds that the number of women matches the number of men at the Assembly.

Political parties and elections[edit]

For other political parties see List of political parties in French Polynesia. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in French Polynesia.
Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes % Seats +/–
Tahoera'a Huiraatira 51,316 40.16 62,340 45.11 38 +28
Union for Democracy 30,781 24.09 40,441 29.26 11 –8
A Tia Porinetia 25,453 19.92 35,421 25.63 8 New
All Polynesians 7,293 5.71
Ia Tura to'u Femus 4,553 3.56
Te Ara Ti'a 3,956 3.10
Te Hiti Tau Api 3,079 2.41
Rally for the Respect of the Polynesian Population 885 0.69
Amuitahiraa Huiraatira 452 0.35
Invalid/blank votes 1,621 1,412
Total 129,389 100 139,614 100 57 0
Registered voters/turnout 195,835 66.07 191,799 72.79
Source: Tahiti News, Tahiti News

The members of the Assembly of French Polynesia are elected in 6 different electoral districts or electoral circumscriptions (French: circonscriptions électorales) which slightly differ from the administrative subdivisions (subdivisions administratives) on the Tuamotus and the Gambier Islands. The 6 electoral circumscriptions (circonscriptions électorales) are:

  • electoral circumscription of the Windward Islands (circonscription des Îles du Vent) (37 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Leeward Islands (circonscription des Îles Sous-le-Vent) (8 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Austral Islands (circonscription des Îles Australes) (3 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Gambier Islands and the Islands Tuamotu-East (circonscription des Îles Gambier et Tuamotu Est) (3 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Islands Tuamotu-West (circonscription des Îles Tuamotu Ouest) (3 members)
  • electoral circumscription of the Marquesas Islands (circonscription des Îles Marquises) (3 members)

Judicial branch[edit]

Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif.

Administrative divisions[edit]

French Polynesia has 5 administrative subdivisions (French: subdivisions administratives):

note: Clipperton Island (French: Île de Clipperton), just off the coast of Mexico, was administered by France from French Polynesia.

International organization participation[edit]

ESCAP (associate), FZ, ITUC, SPC, WMO

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]