Pontypridd

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For other uses, see Pontypridd (disambiguation).
Pontypridd
Town & Community
The Old Bridge
The Old Bridge
Map showing Pontypridd within Rhondda Cynon Taf
Map showing Pontypridd within Rhondda Cynon Taf
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country Wales
Region South Wales
Ceremonial county Mid Glamorgan
Principal area Rhondda Cynon Taf
Government
 • Type Town Council
Area
 • Total 12.70 sq mi (32.88 km2)
Population (2011)
 • Total 32,694
 • Density 2,600/sq mi (990/km2)
Postcode district CF37
Area code(s) 01443
Website http://pontypriddtowncouncil.gov.uk/

Pontypridd /pɒntəˈprð/ is both a community and a principal town of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales and is situated 12 miles/19 km north of the Welsh capital city of Cardiff. Pontypridd is often abbreviated "Ponty" by local residents.

Geography[edit]

Pontypridd comprises the electoral wards of Cilfynydd, Glyncoch, Graig, Hawthorn, Pontypridd Town, 'Rhondda', Rhydyfelin Central/Ilan (Rhydfelen), Trallwng (Trallwn) and Treforest (Trefforest).

The town sits at the junction of the Rhondda and Taff / Cynon valleys, where the River Rhondda flows into the Taff immediately south of the town at Ynysangharad War Memorial Park.[1] Pontypridd community had a population of 29,781 according to census figures gathered in 2001.[2] while Pontypridd Town Ward itself was recorded as having a population of 2,919 also as of 2001.[3]

The town lies alongside the dual carriageway north-south A470, between Cardiff and Merthyr Tydfil. The A4054, running north and south of the town, was the former main road, and like the A470, follows the Taff Valley. South of the town is the A473, for Llantrisant and Pencoed. To the west is the A4058, which follows the River Rhondda to Porth and the Rhondda Valley beyond.

History[edit]

The name Pontypridd is from "Pont-y-tŷ-pridd" the Welsh for "bridge by the earthen house", a reference to a succession of wooden bridges that formerly spanned the River Taff at this point.

Old Bridge[edit]

Pontypridd is noted for its Old Bridge, a stone construction across the River Taff built in 1756 by William Edwards. This was Edward's third attempt and at the time of construction was the longest single-span stone arch bridge in the world. Rising 35 feet (11 m) above the level of the river, the bridge forms a perfect segment of a circle, the chord of which is 140 feet (43 m). Notable features are the three holes of differing diameters through each end of the bridge, the purpose of which is to reduce weight. On completion, questions were soon raised as to the utility of the bridge, the steepness of the design making it difficult to get horses and carts across. As a result a new bridge, the Victoria Bridge paid for by public subscription, was built adjacent to the old one in 1857. Pontypridd was known as Newbridge from shortly after the construction of the Old Bridge until the 1860s.

Old Bridge, dating from 1756

Coal[edit]

The history of Pontypridd is closely tied to the coal and iron industries, prior to the developments of these Pontypridd was largely a rural backwater comprising a few farmsteads, with Treforest initially becoming the main urban settlement in the area. Sited as it is at the junction of the three valleys, it became an important location for the transportation of coal from the Rhondda and iron from Merthyr Tydfil, first via the Glamorganshire Canal and later via the Taff Vale Railway, to the ports at Cardiff, Barry and to Newport. Because of its role in transporting coal cargo, its railway platform is thought to have once been the longest in the world during its heyday.[4] Pontypridd was in the second half of the 19th century a hive of industry, and was once nicknamed the ‘Wild West’.[5] There were several collieries within the Pontypridd area itself, including:

Tonypandy & Trealaw railway station during an early 1910s coal strike
  • Albion Colliery, Cilfynydd
  • Bodwenarth Colliery, Pontsionnorton
  • Daren Ddu Colliery, Graigwen & Glyncoch
  • Dynea Colliery Rhydyfelen
  • Gelli-whion Colliery, Graig
  • Great Western/Gyfeillion Colliery, Hopkinstown
  • Lan Colliery, Hopkinstown
  • Newbridge Colliery, Graig
  • Pen-y-rhiw Colliery, Graig
  • Pontypridd/Maritime Collieries, Graig & Maesycoed
  • Pwllgwaun Colliery/'Dan's Muck Hole', Pwllgwaun
  • Red Ash Colliery, Cilfynydd
  • Ty-Mawr Colliery, Hopkinstown & Pantygraigwen
  • Typica Colliery, Hopkinstown & Pantygraigwen and
  • Victoria Colliery, Maesycoed

As well as the deep mined collieries there were many coal levels and trial shafts dug into the hill sides overlooking the town from Cilfynydd, Graig, Graigwen and Hafod. The Albion Colliery in the village of Cilfynydd in 1894 was the site of one of the worst explosions within the South Wales coalfield, with the death of 290 colliers (see Keir Hardie).

Iron and Steel[edit]

Other instrumental industries in Pontypridd were the - Brown Lenox/Newbridge Chain & Anchor Works south east of the town, and Crawshay’s Forest Iron, Steel & Tin Plate Works and the Taff Vale Iron Works, both in Treforest near the now University of South Wales.

Buildings[edit]

The town is also home to a large hospital, Dewi Sant Hospital.

Government[edit]

Pontypridd Urban District Council was established in 1894 and operated until 1974 when it was incorporated into Taff Ely Borough Council. In turn, that authority was incorporated into the unitary Rhondda Cynon Taf Council in 1995. Pontypridd Town Council continues to function as a community council. Labour is the dominant political force and has been since the First World War.

Pontypridd community[edit]

The Cilfynydd Commercial Hotel in Cilfynydd.
St. David's Church in Hopkinstown.

Pontypridd community is made up of the town of Pontypridd and its immediate suburbs, settlements and villages.

Suburb/Settlement/Village
Cilfynydd
Coedpenmaen (Coed-Pen-Maen)

The common

Glyntaff (Glyn-Taff)
Glyncoch
Graig & Pen-y-Rhiw
Graigwen & Pantygraigwen
Hawthorn (Y Ddraenen-Wen)
Hopkinstown (Trehopcyn)
Maesycoed (Maes-y-Coed)
Pontsionnorton (Pont Sion Norton)
Pontypridd Common & Pentrebach
Pwllgwaun
Rhydyfelin (Rhydfelen) & Ilan
Trallwn (Trallwng)
Treforest (Trefforest)
Trehafod, East
Upper Boat (Glan-Bad)

Transport links[edit]

Pontypridd came into being because of transport, as it was on the drovers route from the south Wales coast and the Bristol Channel, to Merthyr and onwards into the hills of Brecon. Although initial expansion in the valleys occurred at Treforest due to the slower speed of the River Taff at that point, the establishment of better bridge building meant a natural flow of power to Pontypridd.

Railway[edit]

Railway station

The establishment of Pontypridd over Treforest was finally confirmed with the building of the Glamorganshire Canal to serve the coal mines of the Rhondda valley. However, the volumes of coal extraction soon brought about the construction of the Taff Vale Railway, which, at its peak, resulted in a train passing through Pontypridd railway station (if one includes the freight lines immediately to its west) every two or three minutes.[6] The station is a long single island, at one point the world's longest platform, a reflection of both the narrow available geography of the steep valley side, as well as the need to accommodate many converging railways lines on what became the nineteenth-century hub of the valleys. Due to the restrictive geography, only parcels and mail were handled at Pontypridd, while heavy freight was handled at Treforest. The station today, as operated by Arriva Trains Wales, reflects the fewer destinations served since the Beeching and earlier cuts, with one up (valley) and one down platform, and only one passing loop.

Trams/Trolleybuses/Buses[edit]

A tram service began on 6 March 1905, running from Cilfynydd, through Pontypridd, to Treforest. It was replaced on 18 September 1930 by trolleybuses, which on 31 January 1957 were replaced by buses which replicated an almost exact route. Today, bus services are principally provided by Veolia Transport Cymru (on the local town services and longer distance routes to Cardiff, Beddau and Talbot Green) and Stagecoach in South Wales (on long distance routes to Cardiff, Rhondda, Cynon Valley, Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly etc.).

Education[edit]

Glamorgan Business School (university)

Entertainment and social history[edit]

Sport and recreation[edit]

Sardis Road rugby ground
The paddling pool earmarked for removal in Ynysangharad Park
The pitch and putt golf course in Ynysangharad Park
The bandstand in Ynysangharad Park

Media[edit]

  • Pontypridd has its very own community radio station GTFM, which is in partnership with the University of South Wales. It has local news, information and music from the last four decades, and is run by a voluntary management committee.
  • The Pontypridd and Llantrisant Observer[3] is the local newspaper for the town.

Culture[edit]

A memorial in Ynysangharad Park to Evan James and James James, composers of the Welsh national anthem

Cultural references[edit]

The drinking fountain in Taff St, Pontypridd, south Wales, donated in 1895 by Sir Alfred Thomas, MP for East Glamorgan
  • The name of the fictional Welsh town of Pontypandy, in which children's television programme Fireman Sam is situated, is a portmanteau of Pontypridd and Tonypandy.[11]
  • The Welsh TV show Belonging was shot in Pontypridd
  • The BBC hit sci-fi shows Doctor Who and Torchwood have filmed at various location around Pontypridd and nearby, such as at the Market Tavern pub in Market Street and the Lido in Ynysangharad Park. Other locations include at - Treforest, Hawthorn, Graigwen, Upper Boat, Trallwng, Ynysybwl and others.

Twinning[edit]

Pontypridd is twinned with Nürtingen, Esslingen, south Germany

Initial contact between the two communities occurred in 1965 with a visit by Côr Meibion Pontypridd Welsh male voice Choir to visit a choir called "Liederkranz" based in the Oberensingen area of Nürtingen. The Liederkranz returned the visit to Pontypridd one year later. On the occasion of the next visit of Côr Meibion to Nürtingen the partnership between the two communities was formally established - on 26 July 1968. Since then reciprocal visits between the two choirs has taken place on a regular basis. It was as a result of this successful partnership that Pontypridd Urban District Council decided to have a formal Twinning link at a civic level and to join in partnership with Nürtingen. In July 1968 an agreement was signed by John Cheesman J.P., mayor of Pontypridd and Karl Gonser mayor of Nürtingen. This resulted in the first twinning link in Rhondda Cynon Taf and the longest established twinning links with Nürtingen.[12]

Pontypridd is also twinned with Mbale, Uganda

Pontypridd town council held an official twinning ceremony in 2005, to consolidate links with Mbale, Uganda, already established by local churches and healthcare workers, under the auspices of charity PONT, the Partnerships Overseas Networking Trust.[13]

Modernisation[edit]

Pontypridd is currently undergoing much building work to modernise the town. The biggest of these include:

  • The replacing of the precinct shopping centre with a newer, more modern, shopping centre.
  • The construction of a Sainsbury's on the site of the Brown Lenox chain factory. (Now Completed - 2012)
  • Repaving of Taff Street, Mill Street and Market Street.
  • Renewing parts of the Pontypridd railway station.

Notable people[edit]

See Category:People from Pontypridd

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tobin, Patrick F. (1991). The Bridge and the Song, Some chapters in the story of Pontypridd. Bridgend: Mid Glamorgan County Libraries. ISBN 1-872430-05-8. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. John Davies, Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines and Peredur Lynch (2008) pg692 ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ Office of National Statistics
  4. ^ Williams, Huw (1981) Pontypridd: Essays on the History of an Industrial Community. University College, Department of Extra-Mural Studies.
  5. ^ Ellis, Lucy (2009). Tom Jones Close Up. 0711975493
  6. ^ 'Pontypridd and The Taff Vale Railway', E. Mountford, in The Railway and Industrial Heritage of Pontypridd & District p.16 (1985), Taff-Ely BC
  7. ^ Fields of Praise, The Official History of the Welsh Rugby Union 1881-1981 pp26, David Smith, Gareth Williams (1980)
  8. ^ "British and Irish Cup draw announced | Club News | News & Views". Ponty.net. 2013-05-13. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  9. ^ [2][dead link]
  10. ^ "Home town welcomes back Tom Jones". BBC News. 28 May 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  11. ^ "Wales - Arts - Children - Fireman Sam". BBC. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  12. ^ The History of Twinning in Rhondda Cynon Taf RCT Website
  13. ^ Are Pontypridd and Rhondda Cynon Taf really twinned with places in Uganda?, PONT FAQS and PONT Background
  14. ^ "Catrin Collier". ContactAnAuthor. Retrieved 2 June 2013. 

External links[edit]