Portswood

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Portswood
Portswood.jpg
Portswood's shopping area (Portswood Road)
Portswood is located in Southampton
Portswood
Portswood
 Portswood shown within Southampton
Area  2.79 km2 (1.08 sq mi)
Population 14,384 [1]
   – density  5,156 /km2 (13,350 /sq mi)
Unitary authority Southampton
Ceremonial county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SOUTHAMPTON
Postcode district SO17
Dialling code 023
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Southampton Test
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 50°55′34″N 1°23′35″W / 50.9261°N 1.3931°W / 50.9261; -1.3931

Portswood is a suburb and Electoral Ward of Southampton, England. The suburb lies to the north-north-east of the city centre and is bounded by (clockwise from west) Freemantle, Highfield, Swaythling, St. Denys and Bevois Valley.

Portswood Ward comprises Portswood, Highfield and St. Denys, and had a population of 14,384 at the 2001 Census.[1] It is a largely residential area adjcent to the main campus of the University of Southampton, and as such more than a quarter of residents are students.[2]

History[edit]

The Manor of Portswood, which originally included the modern-day Bevois Town, Swaythling, St Denys and Highfield, was first named in a charter dating from 1045.[3] The name Portswood comes from the Old English Porteswuda, meaning "wood of the town".[4]

The manor was granted to St. Denys Priory by Richard I in 1189, and it remained under their ownership until the Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII in 1536.[4] The land, and the title Lord of the Manor, were purchased by Francis Dawtrey in 1538, and passed through several hands before being bought by Giles Stibbert in 1771.[4] Stibbert, Lieutenant-General with the East India Company and later Commander-in-Chief of India,[5] built the first Portswood House on the estate to the design of a Mr. Crunden.[6]

The house, which stood in the area now bounded by Spring Crescent and Lawn Road, was demolished in 1852 to make way for more housing, and the name Portswood House transferred to the nearby Portswood Lodge.[4][7] The estate was gradually sold for development, and the second Portswood House was demolished in 1923, allowing the whole estate to be sold by 1928.[4]

Governance[edit]

Prior to 1894, Portswood was a tithing in the parish of South Stoneham, a parish more than ten times the size of Portswood Ward today, stretching as far as Eastleigh to the north. A parliamentary paper from 1837 indicates that the Village of Portswood consisted of about thirty houses at this time,[8] and in the 1861 Census, the population of the entire tithing was placed at 3,546.[9]

The Local Government Act 1894 divided South Stoneham into multiple parts, and Portswood became a civil parish in its own right.[10] The population of Portswood civil parish was 10,038 in 1891, grew to 17,958 in 1901, and had reached 22,501 by 1911.[11] Portswood parish at that time included parts of Bitterne and was approximately 1,037 acres (1.62 square miles)[12] by comparison with today's 690 acres (1.08 square miles).

Today, Portswood is an electoral ward of the City of Southampton, and falls within the Southampton Test constituency of the UK Parliament. The ward elects three councillors to Southampton City Council.

Education[edit]

Portswood Ward includes the main Highfield Campus of the University of Southampton. The University's first presence in Highfield was in 1914, although the outbreak of the First World War meant the site became a military hospital and was not used for lectures until 1920.

The ward has three state-run primary schools; Portswood Primary School on Somerset Road, Highfield School on Hawthorn Road, and St Denys School on Dundee Road. There is also a small independent primary school, St Winifred's School, on Winn Road.

The nearest secondary schools are Cantell School in Bassett Green, and Bitterne Park School.

Public services[edit]

Portswood library

Portswood Library opened on 25 October 1915 despite a failed application for Carnegie funding in 1914 and the subsequent outbreak of the First World War.[13] Built immediately to the north of the old Palladium Cinema on Portswood Road, the building was designed by J A Crowther, the Borough Surveyor, on land acquired by Portswood councillor Sidney Kimber following the break-up of the Portswood House estate.[13]

Portswood Police Station on St Denys Road, run by the Hampshire Constabulary, serves the local policing areas Banister Park & Bevois, Bassett, Highfield, St. Denys and Swaythling.

Portswood is served by the Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service and by the fire station in St Mary's.

Landmarks[edit]

The lodge to the original Portswood House was preserved after the demolition of the house itself in 1852,[7] and is now a Grade II listed building, standing at 324 Portswood Road.[4][14]

Portswood once had two cinemas, both of which have since closed. While the Palladium Cinema (1913–1958) was converted into a supermarket and lost its distinctive facade,[15] the old Broadway Cinema remains a prominent landmark. The cinema opened on 6 June 1930 with a showing of the film Rookery Nook and remained open for 33 years until 26 October 1963.[16] After a period of time as a Mecca Bingo Hall, it is now a church.

Culture[edit]

Portswood (and neighbouring Bevois Valley) are increasingly seen as the home to Southampton's burgeoning music scene, with many Portswood venues now offering regular live music and opportunities for local musicians in addition to nationally and internationally acclaimed acts.

Portswood has two dedicated live music venues—The Brook and Talking Heads, both on Portswood Road. The Brook is a 600-capacity venue which has seen performances from established rock figures Midge Ure and Bill Wyman, as well as more contemporary outfits such as The Hoosiers and Mr. Scruff. The venue went into liquidation in May 2007, but it was put on the market for £900,000,[17] and was saved in August that year.[18] Talking Heads is a smaller 260-capacity venue nearby that shares its name with the rock band and hosts regular open mic and jazz nights.

There are a number of pubs in the area covering different tastes from sports bars, student-friendly pubs and real ale pubs. The main student club in Portswood is Clowns and Jesters nightclub, located on the Bevois Valley Hill. Popular alternative clubs include The Dungeon which is downhill from Clowns, The Hobbit pub and Jesters Nightclub.

Another hub of note is October Books,[19] a bookseller run by a not-for-profit co-operative and based in Portswood's main high street, adjacent to the library. As well as mainstream publications, it also sells a range of Fairtrade and organic products, in addition to magazines and books focussing on environmental, political, social and vegan/vegetarian subjects. For these reasons, it is also a community focus for Southampton's left wing and alternative scenes and has regular seed swaps.[20] Originally founded in 1977 on Onslow Road,[21] it moved to its current address in 2003 and recently managed to raise £6,000 to cover the cost of its ongoing lease.[22]

Transport[edit]

The nearest railway station is St Denys 0.8 miles away, which is on the London Waterloo to Weymouth mainline and the West Coastway Line. There are also regular bus services to the city centre and other parts of Southampton from Bluestar, Uni-link and First Group.

From 1879 to 1949, Portswood was home to one of the two Southampton Corporation Tramways depots, and a tram service ran from the site on Portswood Road to Stag Gates, at the junction of the Avenue and Lodge Road. Many of the corporation's trams were built in the depot during this time. It was converted to a bus depot in 1949, and was the head office of First Hampshire & Dorset. The site now belongs to Sainsburys Superstore, which opened in February 2012. The site includes a Customer Restaurant, Underground Parking, and Play Park as well as an enclosed delivery bay for the store. There is also space above for retail property or a library although this has yet to be finalised.

Notable residents[edit]

R. J. Mitchell, chief designer of the Supermarine Spitfire, lived at 2 Russell Place in Portswood during its development, and until his death in 1937. In 2005, English Heritage commemorated Mitchell with a Blue Plaque at his former home.[23]

According to a report in the Daily Echo, Coldplay drummer Will Champion used to live in Portswood, and used to attend a youth activities group at Highfield Church.[24]

Captain Edward J. Smith, an English naval officer and ship's captain who commanded the RMS Titanic during her maiden voyage, lived in an imposing red brick, twin-gabled house known as "Woodhead" on Winn Road. The house no longer stands today and has been replaced with an apartment complex.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Portswood (Ward) — Key Figures for 2001 Census: Key Statistics". Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  2. ^ "Portswood (Ward) — National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (UV31)". Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  3. ^ "Triangle shaping up as protected zone". Southern Daily Echo. 26 May 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Porteswuda to home of the gentry (extract from "The Illustrated History of Southampton's Suburbs" by Jim Brown)". portswood.info. 14 December 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  5. ^ The Southampton Guide (Twenty-Fifth ed.). Elizabeth Skelton and co. 1823. p. 99. Retrieved 3 July 2008. 
  6. ^ Dugdale, James (1819). The new British traveller 2. J.Robins @ Co. p. 524. 
  7. ^ a b Patterson, Alfred Temple (1971). A History of Southampton, 1700–1914, Volume 3: Setbacks and Recoveries, 1868–1914. University Press. pp. 8,121. 
  8. ^ House of Commons, Great Britain. Parliament (1837). Report of the Conmissioners Appointed to Report and Advise Upon the Boundaries and Wards of Certain Boroughs and Corporate Towns, England and Wales, Part III. House of Commons. 
  9. ^ Coke, Charles Anthony (1864). Population Gazetteer of England and Wales. Harrison, 59, Pall Mall. p. 168. 
  10. ^ "'Parishes: South Stoneham', from A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3 (1908), pp. 481–489". British History Online. 2001. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  11. ^ "Portswood CP/Ch: Total Population". Great Britain Historical GIS. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  12. ^ "Portswood CP/Ch: Area (acres)". Great Britain Historical GIS. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  13. ^ a b Preston, Richard (Summer 2009). "The development of public libraries in Southampton, 1887–1921". Journal of Southampton Local History Forum (Southampton Local History Forum) (15). 
  14. ^ "Listed Buildings in Southampton" (PDF). Retrieved 8 July 2008. 
  15. ^ That Palladium Magic. Southern Daily Echo. 18 May 2005. Retrieved 6 October 2009. 
  16. ^ "Broadway Cinema". cinematreasures.org. Retrieved 27 June 2008. 
  17. ^ "Liquidators Move in on the Brook". Southern Daily Echo. 18 May 2007. Retrieved 8 July 2008. 
  18. ^ "The Brook is saved with a little help from its friends". 3 August 2007. Retrieved 8 July 2008. 
  19. ^ "Southampton's October Books saved by customers". The Bookseller. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  20. ^ "How the spirit of revolution lives on in radical bookshops". The Guardian. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  21. ^ "Our History". October Books. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  22. ^ "Independent Southampton book shop appeals for help to survive". Southern Daily Echo. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  23. ^ "Designer of the Spitfire commemorated with Blue Plaque". English Heritage press release. 8 September 2005. Retrieved 26 June 2008. [dead link]
  24. ^ "Totton star's link with Coldplay's Will Champion". Southern Daily Echo. 18 April 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2008.