Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
|Traded as||TSX: POT
|Headquarters||Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada|
|Key people||William Doyle (CEO)|
|Products||Potash Nitrogen Phosphate|
|Revenue||US$8.03 Billion (FY 2012)|
|Operating income||US$3.90 Billion (FY 2012)|
|Net income||US$2.30 Billion (FY 2012)|
The Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan Inc., also referred to as PotashCorp, is a Canadian corporation based in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The company is the world's largest potash producer and the third largest producers of nitrogen and phosphate, three primary crop nutrients used to produce fertilizer. At the end of 2011, the company controlled twenty percent of the world's potash production capacity, two percent of nitrogen production capacity and five percent of phosphate supply. The company is part-owner of Canpotex, which manages all potash exporting from Saskatchewan.
It is by far the world's largest producer of potash, producing 20% of the world's supply. It is also the world's largest fertilizer producer, the third largest phosphate producer and the third largest nitrogen producer.
The company was created by the government of Saskatchewan in 1975. In 1989 it became a publicly traded company as the government of Saskatchewan sold off some of its shares, selling the remaining shares in 1990.
The Saskatchewan potash industry began in the 1950s and 1960s. The government saw it as a promising new field and granted large subsidies to the new projects, mainly by American companies. However, this led to overproduction and when a global potash glut began in the late 1960s the industry almost collapsed. The Liberal government of the province introduced an emergency plan setting up quotas and a price floor in 1969. This plan was popular among the companies, which could now charge monopoly prices. The NDP government that was elected in 1971 in Saskatchewan was dissatisfied with this plan as the huge profits went to the companies rather than the government, and it wasn't sustainable in the long term. In 1974 the government passed a new potash regulation scheme, that included a reserve tax. This plan was resisted by the potash producers, and its constitutionality was challenged. Thus in 1975 the provincial government established the Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan as a government crown corporation.
In November 1975 the province announced its intention to take part of the potash industry into public ownership. The government offered to negotiate with the producers, and many of them agreed to sell to the government. Over the next several years PCS bought mines around Saskatchewan, and eventually came to control 40% of domestic production. Public ownership drew the ire of the United States government, which criticised the provincial government for buying Americans' assets and creating a monopoly. In the 1980s the Commerce Department accused the corporation of dumping and imposed massive duties on all potash imports to the United States.
In the early 1980s the company struggled and lost money for several years accumulating an $800 million debt. In 1989 the Conservative government decided to privatize it by selling the company to private investors. During the 1990s PotashCorp expanded by buying up a number of American potash companies including Potash Company of America, Florida Favorite Fertilizer, Texasgulf, and Arcadian Corporation. Today it owns assets across Canada, the United States, and also in Brazil and the Middle East. By March 2008, due to rising potash prices it had become one of the most valuable companies in Canada by market capitalization, valued at almost C$63 billion.
In August 2010, PotashCorp became the subject of a hostile takeover bid by Anglo-Australian mining giant BHP Billiton. On November 3, 2010, The Government of Canada announced that it was blocking the BHP bid as it did not feel the purchase would yield a "net benefit" for Canada; BHP withdrew its bid soon thereafter.
PotashCorp imports phosphate rock from Western Sahara via the government of Morocco. According to the United Nations, Western Sahara is a territory illegally occupied by Morocco. PotashCorp, among other companies, has been criticized for helping fund this occupation by buying Western Saharan resources from Morocco.
A coalition of conservation organizations are challenging a permit issued by the North Carolina Division of Water Quality to PotashCorp's Aurora, North Carolina, phosphate mining operation, which allows the company to expand its mining operation. The mining expansion will have a significant impact on high-quality wetlands and aquatic habitat. The permit presumes that the state will write new rules that accommodate the company’s ambitions.
A group of community members in Penobsquis, New Brunswick, where PotashCorp has existing and planned potash mines, has launched an action against the mine for damages relating to lost wells, subsidence, noise, light and dust pollution as well as anxiety. This action is being handled through the New Brunswick Mining Commissioner. 
- Potash Corporation's annual income statement via Wikinvest
- "Company Profile for Potash Corp of Saskatchewan Inc (POT)". Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- Potash Corp. of Saskatchewan 2010 Annual Report, "Company Overview", p. 5
- "Canpotex Limited - Complete Profile". Industry Canada. 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- Crown Investments Corporation of Saskatchewan - Saskatchewan Public Enterprise History[dead link]
- "BHP Billiton launches hostile bid for Potash". BBC. 2010-08-18. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- "BHP goes hostile on $39 billion Potash Corp bid". Reuters. 2010-08-18. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- Tang-Varner, Min (2010-11-04). "Canadian Government Blocks BHP's Bid for PotashCorp". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 2010-11-06. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- "BHP Billiton walks away from PotashCorp". CBC News. 2010-11-14. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
- Western Sahara Resource Watch. "WSRW demands PCS to terminate its unethical trade." November 30, 2008.
- http://www.saw.usace.army.mil/wetlands/Projects/PCS/index.html US Army Corps of Engineers project reports and record of decision
- http://www.thestarphoenix.com/People+near+mine+want+compensation+from+PotashCorp/3393648/story.html[dead link]
- Sulfur processing off the table for NC city Associated Press, 07.28.11