Poundbury

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Poundbury
Dorset poundbury 01.jpg
Brownsword Hall in Poundbury, designed by architect John Simpson and based on earlier traditional designs, particularly the one in Tetbury
Poundbury is located in Dorset
Poundbury
Poundbury
 Poundbury shown within Dorset
OS grid reference SY671549
District West Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DORCHESTER
Postcode district DT1
Dialling code 01305
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament West Dorset
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°42′48″N 2°27′58″W / 50.7133°N 2.466°W / 50.7133; -2.466

Poundbury is an experimental new town or urban extension on the outskirts of Dorchester in the county of Dorset, England.

The development is built on land owned by the Duchy of Cornwall. It is built according to the principles of Prince Charles, who is known for holding strong views challenging the post-war trends in town planning that were suburban in character.

Plan[edit]

The development is built to a traditional high-density urban pattern, rather than a suburban one, focused on creating an integrated community of shops, businesses, and private and social housing. There is no zoning. The planners say they are designing the development around people rather than the automobile, and they aim to provide a high-quality environment, from the architecture to the selection of materials, to the signposts, and the landscaping. To avoid constant construction, utilities are buried in common utility ducts under the town. Common areas are maintained by a management company to which all residents belong.[1]

To some degree, the project shows similarities with the contemporary New Urbanism movement, except that the design influences are, of course, European. The design of the houses are in traditional and new classical styles, with period features such as bricked-up windows, a feature found on many old British buildings, due to the window tax.[2]

The overall plan was developed in the late 1980s by the Luxembourgian architect Leon Krier, and construction started in October 1993. Krier's plans have been criticised for mixing too many different continental styles and the use of non-local building materials, which are not consistent with the traditions of Dorchester. It is expected that the four plan phases will be developed over 25 years with a total of 2,500 dwellings and a population of approximately 6,000.

Greetings card entrepreneur Andrew Brownsword sponsored the £1 million development of the market hall at Poundbury, designed by John Simpson and based on early designs, particularly the one in Tetbury.[3]

Following New Urbanist principles, Poundbury was intended to reduce car dependency and encourage walking, cycling, and public transport. A survey conducted at the end of the first phase, however, showed that automobile use was higher in Poundbury than in the surrounding (rural) district of West Dorset.[4] Nonetheless, the community is receiving positive recognition from New Urbanist publications such as Better Cities and Towns.[5]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pentreath, Ben, How the Poundbury project became a model for innovation, The Financial Times, November 1, 2013
  2. ^ "Around Poundbury". BBC Dorset. July 2008. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Giles Worsley A model village grows up gracefully The Telegraph, 30 January 2011.
  4. ^ Watson, G., Bentley, I., Roaf, S., and Smith, P., 2004. Learning from Poundbury, Research for the West Dorset District Council and the Duchy of Cornwall. Oxford Brookes University
  5. ^ Steuteville, Robert, At 20, Poundbury is winning converts, Better Cities and Towns, November 5, 2013

External links[edit]