Pregnant patients' rights

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Main article: Reproductive rights

Pregnancy rights refers to a pregnant women’s right in relation to the medical care and decisions they can make both prior to pregnancy and during pregnancy.[1] There are many debates that arise from pregnancy rights, ranging from whether or not fertility treatments are ‘right’ or whether using surrogate mothers is wrong. It comes down to the mother’s right. As a woman, there are more challenges than just the fundamentals of the decisions surrounding their pregnancy. Maternity leave, parental leave and the time allotted for these leaves varies from company to company.[2]

The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) gathered in Cairo in September 1994 to discuss and “formulate a consensus position on population and development for the next 20 years”.[3] One of the other goals was to make education and medical services available to women while they are pregnant, and when the time comes, have delivery options available. A main concern has always been postnatal care; people think that the hardest part is the birth of the child but there are so many additional concerns once the child is born and brought into this world. Complications both prior to pregnancy, during delivery, and after delivery are a potential concern in all births, the ICPD talked about enhancing the available support for all women.[3] Pregnancy rights throughout the world are not going to be the same in every single place but the ICPD is aiming to eliminate discrimination during pregnancy and make all pregnant patients’ rights available to everyone.

Nurses and patients sometimes run into troubles because their opinions will often vary in what they think should be done in terms of termination or pre/post natal care.[4] As Kane, 2009 states “The NMC code of professional conduct states that: ‘you must make the care of people your first concern”’ enforcing that the nurses opinions really should be kept to themselves so as to not influence the decision of the patients.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laufer-Ukeles, P. (2011). "Reproductive Choices and Informed Consent: Fetal Interests, Women's Identity, and Relational Autonomy". American Journal Of Law & Medicine 37 (4): 567–623. 
  2. ^ "Your pregnancy rights". 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b McIntosh, C. A., & Finkle, J. L. (1995). "The Cairo conference on population and development: A new paradigm?.". Population and Development Review 21 (2): 223–260. doi:10.2307/2137493. 
  4. ^ Kane, R. (2009). "Conscientious objection to termination of pregnancy: the competing rights of patients and nurses". Journal Of Nursing Management 17 (7): 907–912. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2834.2008.00888.x.