Timeline of reproductive rights legislation

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Timeline of reproductive rights legislation, a chronological list of laws and legal decisions affecting human reproductive rights. Reproductive rights are a sub-set of human rights[1] pertaining to issues of reproduction and reproductive health.[2] These rights may include some or all of the following: the right to legal or safe abortion, the right to birth control, the right to access quality reproductive healthcare, and the right to education and access in order to make reproductive choices free from coercion, discrimination, and violence.[3] Reproductive rights may also include the right to receive education about contraception and sexually transmitted infections, and freedom from coerced sterilization, abortion, and contraception, and protection from gender-based practices such as female genital cutting (FGC) and male genital mutilation (MGM).[1][2][3][4]

17th century to 19th century[edit]

1910s to 1960s[edit]

1970s to present[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Freedman, Lynn P.; Stephen L. Isaacs (Jan–Feb 1993). "Human Rights and Reproductive Choice". Studies in Family Planning (Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 24, No. 1) 24 (1): 18–30. doi:10.2307/2939211. JSTOR 2939211. PMID 8475521. 
  2. ^ a b Cook, Rebecca J.; Mahmoud F. Fathalla (September 1996). "Advancing Reproductive Rights Beyond Cairo and Beijing". International Family Planning Perspectives (International Family Planning Perspectives, Vol. 22, No. 3) 22 (3): 115–121. doi:10.2307/2950752. JSTOR 2950752. 
  3. ^ a b Amnesty International USA (2007). "Stop Violence Against Women: Reproductive rights". SVAW. Amnesty International USA. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  4. ^ Template
  5. ^ William Blackstone, Commentaries, 1:120--41 (1765).
  6. ^ Blackstone, William (1979) [1765]. "Amendment IX, Document 1". Commentaries on the Laws of England 5. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 388. 
  7. ^ Lord Ellenborough’s Act." (1998). The Abortion Law Homepage. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  8. ^ Keown, John (1988). Abortion, doctors, and the law: some aspects of the legal regulation of abortion in England from 1803 to 1982. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 26. ISBN 0-521-89413-1. OCLC 49550035. 
  9. ^ a b Status of abortion in Japan. (1967). IPPF Medical Bulletin, 1(6):3. Retrieved April 12, 2006.
  10. ^ a b Sixtus
  11. ^ Kevles, Daniel J. (2001-07-22). "The Secret History of Birth Control". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006-10-21. 
  12. ^ Mohr, James C. (1978). Abortion in America: The Origins and Evolution of National Policy, 1800–1900. New York: Oxford University Press US. 
  13. ^ O'Beirne, Kate. (2005, January 8). "America's Earliest Feminists Opposed Abortion." Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 16, 2006.
  14. ^ a b "Biographical Note". The Margaret Sanger Papers. Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, Northampton, Mass. 1995. Retrieved 2006-10-21. 
  15. ^ "population". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  16. ^ Mexico rape
  17. ^ "Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej" (PDF) (in Polish). 1932-07-11. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  18. ^ Iceland
  19. ^ Friedlander, Henry (1995). The origins of Nazi genocide: from euthanasia to the final solution. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press. p. 30. ISBN 0-8078-4675-9. OCLC 60191622. 
  20. ^ Proctor, Robert E. (1989). Racial Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 366. ISBN 0-674-74578-7. OCLC 20760638. This emendation allowed abortion only if the woman granted permission, and only if the fetus was not old enough to survive outside the womb. It is unclear if either of these qualifications was enforced. 
  21. ^ Arnot, Margaret; Cornelie Usborne (1999). Gender and Crime in Modern Europe. New York City: Routledge. p. 241. ISBN 1-85728-745-2. OCLC 249726924. 
  22. ^ Facing History and Ourselves. (n.d.). Timeline: Hitler's Notion of Building a Racial State. Retrieved June 22, 2006.
  23. ^ Proctor, Robert E. (1989). Racial Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. pp. 122–123. ISBN 0-674-74578-7. OCLC 20760638. Abortion, in other words, could be allowed if it was in the interest of racial hygiene… the Nazis did allow (and in some cases even required) abortions for women deemed racially inferior… On November 10, 1938, a Luneberg court declared abortion legal for Jews. 
  24. ^ Tierney, Helen (1999). Women's studies encyclopedia. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 589. ISBN 0-313-31072-6. OCLC 38504469. In 1939, it was announced that Jewish women could seek abortions, but non-Jewish women could not. 
  25. ^ a b United Nations (2002). Abortion Policies: A Global Review: Oman to Zimbabwe. New York City: United Nations Publications. p. 50. ISBN 92-1-151365-0. OCLC 84347959. In its decree of 23 November 1955, the government of the former USSR repealed the general prohibition on the performance of abortions contained in the 1936 Decree. 
  26. ^ "Homosexuals: Victims of the Nazi Era". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on May 24, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  27. ^ (Romanian) Scarlat, Sandra. "'Decreţeii': produsele unei epoci care a îmbolnăvit România" ("'Scions of the Decree': Products of an Era that Sickened Romania"), Evenimentul Zilei, May 17, 2005.
  28. ^ US Office of Population Affairs – Legislation
  29. ^ OPA: PUBLIC LAW 91-572-DEC. 24, 1970
  30. ^ Aggrawal, Anil (2006). Self Assessment and Review of Forensic Medicine. Pee Pee Publishers. pp. 235–239. ISBN 81-88867-85-3. 
  31. ^ "Facts About Pregnancy Discrimination". Eeoc.gov. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2011-06-29. 
  32. ^ da Silva, Pascal Rocha (2006). "La politique de l'enfant unique en République populaire de Chine" ("The politics of one child in the People's Republic of China"). Université de Genève (University of Geneva). p. 22-8. (French)
  33. ^ Irving, Helen (2008). Gender and the constitution: equity and agency in comparative constitutional design. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 205. ISBN 0-521-88108-0. OCLC 180577386. 
  34. ^ nytimes.com
  35. ^ Associated Press (2007-03-10). "Portugal: Parliament Liberalizes Abortion". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  36. ^ Timeline: Portugal, a chronicle of key events, BBC News
  37. ^ Mexican Supreme Court upholds legalized abortion law, 28 August 2008, Los Angeles Times
  38. ^ Greenhouse, Linda (April 19, 2007). "Justices Back Ban on Method of Abortion". New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2009. 
  39. ^ 10/Oct/2008 Abortion decriminalised in Victoria smh.com.au
  40. ^ Kingstone, Steve (26 September 2009). "Spain unveils abortion law change". BBC News. Retrieved 12 January 2013. 
  41. ^ ABC News, "Birth Control Free for All: New Insurance Rules Affect Millions of Women", Aug 1, 2011
  42. ^ Reuters, "U.S. says insurers must fully cover birth control", Aug 1, 2011
  43. ^ Maila Ager (December 19, 2012). "RH Bill passes bicam". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
  44. ^ Karl John Reyes, Lira Dalangin Fernandez (December 19, 2012). "Senate, House ratify bicameral panel version of RH Bill". TV5. InterAKSYON. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Uruguay Senate Approves First-Trimester Abortions". NY Times. 17 December 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 

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