Reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI) is a surgical subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology that trains physicians in reproductive medicine addressing hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility. While most REI specialists primarily focus on the treatment of infertility, reproductive endocrinologists are trained to also evaluate and treat hormonal dysfunctions in females and males outside of infertility. Reproductive endocrinologists have specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) before they undergo sub-specialty training (fellowship) in REI.
Reproductive surgery is a related specialty, where a physician in ob-gyn or urology further specializes to operate on anatomical disorders that affect fertility.
In a number of countries, the pathway to become a sub-specialist in REI is regulated. Thus, in the United States, for instance, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) sets the standards for sub-specialtists to become certified. After four years of training in Obstetrics and Gynecology, a three-year approved fellowship needs to be successfully completed. Then, to become board certified in reproductive endocrinology and infertility, one must first complete board certification in obstetrics and gynecology (written and oral exams), and then certify in reproductive endocrinology and infertility (written, oral, and thesis exams).
Fellowship locations 
In the United States, fellowships in reproductive endocrinology are offered in the following locations in 2013:
- Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York
- Baylor College of Medicine, Texas
- Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Massachusetts
- Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Massachusetts
- Brown University, Rhode Island
- Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
- Columbia University, New York
- Cornell University Medical Center, New York
- Duke University, North Carolina
- Eastern Virginia Medical School
- Emory University, Georgia
- Johns Hopkins University, Maryland
- Los Angeles County+USC Medical Center, California
- Massachusetts General Hospital
- National Institute of Health, Maryland
- New York University Medical Center
- Robert Wood Johnson Medical School – UMDNJ, New Jersey
- Stanford University, California
- University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio
- New Jersey Medical School – UMDNJ, New Jersey
- University of Alabama at Birmingham
- University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center
- University of California San Diego Medical School
- University of California San Francisco Medical School
- University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
- University of Colorado Denver
- University of Connecticut
- University of Iowa
- University of Louisville, Kentucky
- University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
- University of North Carolina
- University of Pennsylvania
- University of Texas Hsc San Antonio
- University of Texas Medical Branch
- University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
- University of Utah
- University of Vermont College of Medicine
- Washington University
- Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan
- Yale University School of Medicine, Connecticut
In the European Union, accreditation centers for the EBCOG subspecialist training program in reproductive medicine are located at:
Reproductive endocrinologists Certified by ABOG often belong to a specific medical society named Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (SREI). As a condition of full membership, medical practitioners must be ABOG-certified in the reproductive endocrinology and infertility subspecialty.
Also, many academic journals in obstetrics and gynaecology dedicate many articles to reproductive endocrinology and infertility.
Patient's needs 
According to a systematic review, fertility patients want to be treated like human beings with a need for medical skills, respect, coordination, accessibility, information, comfort, support, partner involvement and a good attitude of and relationship with fertility clinic staff.
See also 
- ^ Glossary The InterNational Council on Infertility Information Dissemination (INCIID). Last Updated: May 4, 2004
- ^ DIRECTORY OF FELLOWSHIP PROGRAMS IN REPRODUCTIVE ENDOCRINOLOGY AND INFERTILITY - Fellowships Available in 2013 at Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility
- ^ Accredited centres at ESHRE. Retrieved Mars 2012
- ^ Society for Reproductive Endocrinology Brochure, Retrieved on Jan. 21, 2011.
- ^ scimagojr.com > Obstetrics and gynecology Retrieved on April 15, 2010
- ^ Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology > about Retrieved on May 29, 2010
- ^ Dancet EA, Nelen WL, Sermeus W, De Leeuw L, Kremer JA, D'Hooghe TM (March 2010). "The patients' perspective on fertility care: a systematic review". Hum Reprod Update 16 (5): 467–487. doi:10.1093/humupd/dmq004. PMID 20223789.
External links