Premier of Victoria

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Premier of Victoria
Premier Denis Napthine.jpg
Incumbent
Denis Napthine

since 6 March 2013
Style The Honourable
Appointer Governor of Victoria
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder Dr William Clark Haines
Formation 30 November 1855

The Premier of Victoria is the leader of the government in the Australian state of Victoria. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Victoria, and is the leader of the political party able to secure a majority in the Legislative Assembly.[1]

Responsible government came to the colony of Victoria in 1855. Prior to Federation in 1901, the head of government in Victoria was called "Prime Minister of Victoria", when the title became "Premier".[2]

Before the 1890s, there was no formal party system in Victoria, with party labels indicating a general tendency only. From the 1880s, until after Federation, Victorian politics were dominated by the Protectionist Liberals, who were opposed by Free Trade Conservatives. The Labor Party did not emerge as a major party until 1910. Victoria was slow to develop a two-party system. Labor did not win a majority in the Legislative Assembly until 1952, and until that time weak minority governments were common. Since 1952, Victoria has had a stable two-party system.

List of Premiers of Victoria[edit]

No. Name Portrait Party Assumed office Left office
1 William Haines Williamhaines.jpg 30 November 1855 11 March 1857
2 John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy.jpg 11 March 1857 29 April 1857
William Haines Williamhaines.jpg 29 April 1857 10 March 1858
John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy.jpg 10 March 1858 27 October 1859
3 William Nicholson Williamnicholson.jpg 27 October 1859 26 November 1860
4 Richard Heales Richardheales.jpg 26 November 1860 14 November 1861
John O'Shanassy Johnoshanassy.jpg 14 November 1861 27 June 1863
5 James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch.jpg 27 June 1863 6 May 1868
6 Charles Sladen Charlessladen.jpg 6 May 1868 11 July 1868
James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch.jpg 11 July 1868 20 September 1869
7 John Alexander MacPherson Johnmacpherson.jpg 20 September 1869 9 April 1870
(Sir) James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch.jpg 9 April 1870 19 June 1871
8 Charles Gavan Duffy Charles Gavan Duffy 1846.JPG 19 June 1871 10 June 1872
9 James Francis Jamesfrancis.jpg 10 June 1872 31 July 1874
10 George Kerferd Georgekerferd.jpg 31 July 1874 7 August 1875
11 Graham Berry 12Grahamberry.jpg 7 August 1875 20 October 1875
Sir James McCulloch Jamesmcculloch.jpg 20 October 1875 21 May 1877
Graham Berry 12Grahamberry.jpg 21 May 1877 5 March 1880
12 James Service Jamesservice.jpg 5 March 1880 3 August 1880
Graham Berry 12Grahamberry.jpg 3 August 1880 9 July 1881
13 Sir Bryan O'Loghlen, Bt Bryanologhlen.jpg 9 July 1881 8 March 1883
James Service Jamesservice.jpg 8 March 1883 18 February 1886
14 Duncan Gillies Duncangillies.jpg Conservative-Liberal Coalition 18 February 1886 5 November 1890
15 James Munro Jamesmunro.jpg National Liberal 5 November 1890 16 February 1892
16 William Shiels 16Williamshiels.jpg Liberal 16 February 1892 23 January 1893
17 James Patterson 17Jamespatterson.jpg Conservative 23 January 1893 27 September 1894
18 Sir George Turner Georgeturner.jpg Liberal 27 September 1894 5 December 1899
19 Allan McLean 19Allanmclean.jpg Liberal 5 December 1899 19 November 1900
Sir George Turner Georgeturner.jpg Liberal 19 November 1900 12 February 1901
20 Sir Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg Liberal 12 February 1901 10 June 1902
21 William Irvine 21Williamirvine.jpg Reform 10 June 1902 16 February 1904
22 (Sir) Thomas Bent 22Thomasbent.jpg Reform 16 February 1904 8 January 1909
23 John Murray Johnmurray.jpg Liberal 8 January 1909 18 May 1912
24 William Watt 24Williamwatt.jpg Liberal 18 May 1912 9 December 1913
25 George Elmslie 25Georgeelmslie.jpg Labor 9 December 1913 22 December 1913
William Watt 24Williamwatt.jpg Liberal 22 December 1913 18 June 1914
Sir Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg Liberal 18 June 1914 29 November 1917
26 John Bowser 26Johnbowser.jpg Nationalist 29 November 1917 21 March 1918
27 Harry Lawson 27Harrylawson.jpg Nationalist 21 March 1918 7 September 1923
Harry Lawson 27Harrylawson.jpg Nationalist/ Country 7 September 1923 19 March 1924
Harry Lawson 27Harrylawson.jpg Nationalist 19 March 1924 28 April 1924
Sir Alexander Peacock 20Alexanderpeacock.jpg Nationalist 28 April 1924 18 July 1924
28 George Prendergast 28Georgeprendergast.jpg Labor 18 July 1924 18 November 1924
29 John Allan 29Johnallan.jpg Country/ Nationalist 18 November 1924 20 May 1927
30 Edmond Hogan 30Nedhogan.jpg Labor 20 May 1927 22 November 1928
31 William McPherson State Badge of Victoria (Australia)-alternate.svg Nationalist 22 November 1928 12 December 1929
Edmond Hogan 30Nedhogan.jpg Labor 12 December 1929 19 May 1932
32 Sir Stanley Argyle Sir Stanley Argyle.jpg United Australia 19 May 1932 2 April 1935
33 Albert Dunstan AlbertDunstan.jpg Country 2 April 1935 14 September 1943
34 John Cain Snr Johncainsenior.jpg Labor 14 September 1943 18 September 1943
Albert Dunstan AlbertDunstan.jpg Country 18 September 1943 2 October 1945
35 Ian Macfarlan Imcfarlanemp.jpg Liberal 2 October 1945 21 November 1945
John Cain Snr Johncainsenior.jpg Labor 21 November 1945 20 November 1947
36 Thomas Hollway TomHollway.jpg Liberal/Liberal and Country 20 November 1947 27 June 1950
37 Sir John McDonald Johnmcdonaldmp.jpg Country 27 June 1950 28 October 1952
Thomas Hollway TomHollway.jpg Independent 28 October 1952 31 October 1952
Sir John McDonald Johnmcdonaldmp.jpg Country 31 October 1952 17 December 1952
John Cain Snr Johncainsenior.jpg Labor 17 December 1952 7 June 1955
38 (Sir) Henry Bolte Henry Bolte.jpg Liberal and Country/Liberal 7 June 1955 23 August 1972
39 Rupert Hamer State Badge of Victoria (Australia)-alternate.svg Liberal 23 August 1972 5 June 1981
40 Lindsay Thompson State Badge of Victoria (Australia)-alternate.svg Liberal 5 June 1981 8 April 1982
41 John Cain II State Badge of Victoria (Australia)-alternate.svg Labor 8 April 1982 10 August 1990
42 Joan Kirner State Badge of Victoria (Australia)-alternate.svg Labor 10 August 1990 6 October 1992
43 Jeff Kennett J.kennett.jpg Liberal 6 October 1992 20 October 1999
44 Steve Bracks Steve bracks.jpg Labor 20 October 1999 30 July 2007
45 John Brumby JohnBrumby2007.jpg Labor 30 July 2007 2 December 2010
46 Ted Baillieu Ted baillieu.jpg Liberal 2 December 2010 6 March 2013
47 Denis Napthine Premier Denis Napthine.jpg Liberal 6 March 2013 Incumbent

Living former premiers[edit]

As of March 2013, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being John Cain (1982–1990, born 1931). The most recent premier to die was Lindsay Thompson (1981–82), on 16 July 2008.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
John Cain II 1982–1990 (1931-04-26) 26 April 1931 (age 83)
Joan Kirner 1990–1992 (1938-06-20) 20 June 1938 (age 76)
Jeff Kennett 1992–1999 (1948-03-02) 2 March 1948 (age 66)
Steve Bracks 1999–2007 (1954-10-15) 15 October 1954 (age 59)
John Brumby 2007–2010 (1953-04-21) 21 April 1953 (age 61)
Ted Baillieu 2010–2013 (1953-07-31) 31 July 1953 (age 61)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]