Prince Feodor Alexandrovich of Russia
|Prince Feodor Alexandrovich|
|Spouse||Princess Irina Pavlovna Paley|
|Prince Michael Feodorovich
Princess Irene Feodorovna
|House||House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov|
|Father||Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia|
|Mother||Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia|
23 December 1898|
Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
|Died||30 November 1968
Prince Feodor Alexandrovich of Russia (23 December 1898 – 30 November 1968) was a son of Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia. He was also a nephew of Nicholas II of Russia, the last Tsar.
Born and raised in Imperial Russia during the reign of his uncle Nicholas II, he followed a military career and entered the Corps of Pages during World War I. With the fall of the Russian monarchy, he escaped the fate of many of his relatives killed by the Bolsheviks fleeing to his parents state in Crimea. For a time, he was under house arrest there with a large group of family members. They left Russia on 11 April 1919. In exile, he settled in France where he married Princess Irina Pavlovna Paley, his distant cousin. The couple divorced in 1936. Afflicted with tuberculosis, Prince Feodor moved to England with his mother spending the years of World War II there. After the war ended, he settled permanently in the south of France.
Prince Feodor Alexandrovich Romanov was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia on 23 December 1898. He was the second son and third child among seven siblings. Although a grandson of Emperor Alexander III through his mother, he was not entitled to the title Grand Duke of Russia because he was only a great-grandson of Emperor Nicholas I in the male line through his father. He spent his early years in Imperial Russia. Following family tradition, he began a military career. During World War I he entered the Corps of Pages.
At the fall of the Russian monarchy, he looked for refuge with his family in his father's property in Crimea. They lived there undisturbed until the rise to power of the Bolsheviks with the October Revolution in 1917. For some time, Prince Feodor was under house arrest in Ai-Todor and later at Dulber imprisoned with his parents, siblings, grandmother the Dowager Empress and many more Romanov relatives.
Prince Feodor, and his relatives in the Crimea, escaped the fate of a number of his Romanov cousins who were murdered by the Bolsheviks when they were freed by German troops in 1918. He left Russia on 11 April 1919 abroad the Royal Navy ship HMS Marlborough and moved to England and later to France.
Life in exile
During his first years in exile, Prince Feodor lived in Paris in the apartment of his sister Princess Irina Alexandrovna of Russia and her husband Prince Felix Yusupov. He worked as a taxi driver, and later as an architect.
Prince Feodor married on 21 May 1923 in St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Paris, Princess Irina Paley (1903–1990), his first cousin once removed. She was a daughter of Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia and his morganatic wife Princess Olga Paley. The couple had one son:
- Prince Michael Feodorovich (Paris 4 May 1924 – 22 September 2008); married 1st Paris 15 Oct 1958 (divorced 1992) Helga Staufenberger (born Vienna, 22 August 1926); m. 2nd Josse 15 January 1994 Maria de las Mercedes Ustrell-Cabani (b.Hospitalet, Spain 26 August 1960). Michael died on the same day as his cousin, Prince Michael Andreevich of Russia.
Since 1930, Prince Feodor and his wife lived separately. Princess Irina began a relationship with Count Hubert de Monbrison (15 August 1892 – 14 April 1981) and had a daughter with him while still married to Prince Feodor, who recognized the child as his.
- Princess Irene Feodorovna (born 7 May 1934 in Fontenay, France); married 1st Biarritz 23 December 1955 (divorced 1959) Andre Jean Pelle (born Biarritz 29 November 1923); married 2d Le Pin 26 December 1962 (divorced) Victor-Marcel Soulas (born Saint-Méen-le-Grand 26 August 1938).
Prince Feodor Alexandrovich and Princess Irene divorced on 22 July 1936. He did not remarry and spent World War II in England at the home of his mother. By 1941 he was seriously ill with tuberculosis and had to stay for long periods in sanatoriums to recuperate. During the war years, he had sporadic contact with his son who remained in the south of France with Feodor's ex-wife. After the war ended, to improve his health and to stay closer to his son, Prince Feodor settled in the south of France at the villa of his sister Princess Irina Alexandrovna. He lived there for the rest of his life. With very limited income of his own and too ill to work, his ex-wife and his sister helped with the medical bills. Prince Feodor Alexandrovich died on 30 November 1968 in Ascain, France.
Title and style
- His Highness Prince Feodor Alexandrovich of Russia
N.B. After the Russian revolution members of the Imperial family tended to drop the territorial designation “of Russia” and use the princely title with the surname Romanov.
- Willis, The Romanovs in the 21st Century, p. 175
- Willis, The Romanovs in the 21st Century, p. 96
- Van Der Kiste & Hall, Once a Grand Duchess, p. 216
- Van Der Kiste & Hall, Once a Grand Duchess, p. 224
- Willis, The Romanovs in the 21st Century, p. 97
- Almanach de Gotha (186th ed.). 2003. p. 314. ISBN 0-9532142-4-9.
- Van Der Kiste, John & Hall, Coryne. Once a Grand Duchess: Xenia, Sister of Nicholas II. Sutton Publishing, 2002. ISBN 0-7509-2749-6.
- Willis, Daniel. The Romanovs in the 21st Century: a genealogical Biography. VDM, 2009. ISBN 978-3-639-17480-9.