Princeton, Texas

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For the ghost town in Newton County, see Princeton, Newton County, Texas.
Princeton, Texas
City
Location of Princeton in Collin County, Texas
Location of Princeton in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°10′52″N 96°30′0″W / 33.18111°N 96.50000°W / 33.18111; -96.50000Coordinates: 33°10′52″N 96°30′0″W / 33.18111°N 96.50000°W / 33.18111; -96.50000
Country United States
State Texas
County Collin
Area
 • Total 4.3 sq mi (11.2 km2)
 • Land 4.3 sq mi (11.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 574 ft (175 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,477
 • Density 801.4/sq mi (309.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75407
Area code(s) 972
FIPS code 48-59576[1]
GNIS feature ID 1344570[2]

Princeton is a city in Collin County, Texas, United States.

Geography[edit]

On June 30, 2011, a Collin County District Court Judge issued a judgment ending a legal dispute over Princeton's southern boundary.[3] The case was filed on January 12, 2010[4] and was titled: The State of Texas Ex Rel.[5] Collin County, Texas vs. The City of Princeton, Texas, Case No. 401-00108-2010.[6] The State of Texas' Motion for Summary Judgement stated "that Princeton administration had 'unlawfully and improperly attempted to assert jurisdiction over a tract of land which the city never annexed and which is not lawfully within the corporate city limits,' according to Collin County court records."[3] "Tract Five, the property in question, is a strip of land that runs the length of the right of way of Farm to Market Road 982 from about a half mile south of U.S. Highway 380 to its intersection with FM Road 546."[3] "The southern portion of this tract was incorporated as part of the city of Branch[7] from August of 1971 through April of 1977."[8] "After three months in which no response of any kind was received from the city (of Princeton) in regard to the matter, the (approximately 100) landowners concluded that the city (of Princeton) was ignoring (them) and decided in November (of 2006) to refer the matter to the Collin County District Attorney for possible legal action."[8] The landowners "provided all of the documentation" (to the D.A.)...[8]

"The state's quo warranto motion, filed in November 2010, claimed that Princeton was wrongfully exercising powers not authorized by any law[9] or statute and that a judgment on the case could be made without a trial and instead based solely on Princeton city records."[3] "Princeton officials first claimed the 5.5-mile strip of land as part of the city limits in 2003, but according to the state's motion, the 'contorted history of Tract Five and the City's current efforts to effectively annex by stealth began in 1971.'"[3] "In January 1971, the city enacted Ordinance No. 104, through which Princeton attempted to annex certain right-of-ways surrounding the city by a process commonly referred to as 'strip annexation.'"[3] "Princeton City Council passed a motion to annex five tracts, but in April of that year, the council passed another motion to eliminate Tract Five from the proposed annexations."[3] "Texas Legislature subsequently prohibited 'strip annexation' through procedures mandated by Chapter 43 of the Texas Local Government Code."[3] "All area maps, including one Princeton filed in 2000 with the U.S. Dept. of Justice, show that Tract Five did not belong to Princeton."[3] "Included in the state's original filing on the case in 2010 is a corporate map of Branch that was legally filed in Collin County records in March 1975, showing that Branch owns (sic) the corner of FM 982 and FM 546 and part of the same land Princeton began claiming as its own in 2003."[3] "Robert Davis, specially deputized District Attorney representing the state, said in the state's motion for summary judgment that 'in 2003, realizing that they were prohibited by law from engaging in the type of strip annexation which was accomplished by Ordinance No. 104, the City passed an ordinance which attempted to refute the fact that the fifth tract of land had been deleted from Ordinance No. 104 prior to final passage.'[3] "The state initially brought the motion for summary judgment before Judge Mark Rusch of the 401st Judicial District Court..., but the state and Princeton decided to let Wheless[10] rule on the case after Rusch disclosed he was a prosecutor in the Collin county District Attorney's office during a related case in 1990."[3] On February 25, 2011, Judge Mark Rusch signed the Administrative Order of Assignment, which stated, "...it is my opinion that the most efficient management of this case necessitates it be transferred to the 366th Judicial District Court."[6] A few days later, the case retained the same name, but was re-numbered to show that it was being decided in the 366th Judicial District Court: Case No. 366-00108-2010.[11][12]

Using only Princeton's official city records, District Court Judge Ray Wheless ruled: "that Princeton's southern most corporate city limit officially extends to approximately 0.6 miles south of the intersection of F.M. Road 982 with U.S. Highway 380 but does NOT include the 5.5-mile stretch to FM 546."[3] "The order brings Princeton's south boundary back to where it stood for nearly 32 years."[3] On July 11, 2011, Princeton's city council voted unanimously NOT to "appeal the Quo Warranto, Case No. 401-00108-2010 (sic)."[13] This decision was reported in The Princeton Herald.[14] On October 10, 2011, Princeton city council approved a new map[15] that reflects the judge's decision.[16]

Population[edit]

In the 2000 census, Princeton's population was 3,477. By the 2010 census, Princeton experienced a ~96% growth rate to a population of 6,800. The "White alone" proportion of the population decreased from ~91% to ~78%, while the "Hispanic or Latino origin" proportion increased from ~11% to ~24%. Most of the population is between the ages of 18 and 64.[17]

History[edit]

In the late 1870s T. B. Wilson and his brother George began farming near the site of future Princeton. In 1881 the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad Company extended its line from Greenville to McKinney, passing through land owned by the brothers. The name Wilson's Switch was commonly used to designate the area. When residents applied for a post office branch, however, they learned that the name Wilson was already being used. The community then submitted the name Princeton in honor of Prince Dowlin, a landowner and promoter of the town. This name was accepted, and a post office was established in 1888.[18]

In 1940, a camp of 76 cabins was built west of Princeton to house up to 400 migratory workers, who came to work during the onion and cotton seasons. In February 1945, the site became a prisoner of war camp for Germans prisoners captured during the Second World War. The local farmers paid the POWs to work on their farms. This operation continued for eight months. Under a special bill, the German prisoners were contracted to work on the City Park located across from city hall. The park was built as a living memorial and shrine to those who served and died during World War II. The Community Park/WWII P.O.W. Camp is located at 500 West College Street.[19]

Members of the Princeton Independent School District and the Princeton Lions Club have teamed up annually to hold the Princeton Onion Festival. It is a major festival for the town that began in 2005 and is expected to occur on the fourth Saturday of April each year. Festival events include a 5K run, tennis round-robin, craft show, auction, raffle, onion cook-off, and food vendors.[20]

Government[edit]

Princeton is a Type A General Law city,[21] but its council members have tried to get a Home Rule form of government passed four times: in November 2007,[22] May 2008,[23] November 2008,[24] and May 2014.[25] Princeton voters rejected Home Rule each time: 149 to 117 in November 2007,[22] 239 to 165 in May 2008,[23] 979 to 449 in November 2008,[24] and 260 to 151 in May 2014.[25] Home Rule cities can tax property at a higher rate than General Law cities, because the tax rate ceiling of Home Rule cities is $2.50 per $100 valuation,[26] while the tax rate ceiling of General Law cities is $1.50 per $100 valuation.[27] Home Rule cities can assess additional property taxes,[28] while a General Law city has "no inherent power to tax."[26] Besides additional property taxes, Home Rule cities are allowed to tax almost anything specified in its charter,[29] while General Law cities cannot, because they have no charter.[26] Home Rule cities can annex property without landowner consent,[30] while General Law cities need landowner consent.[26]

"A home rule city may do anything authorized by its charter that is not specifically prohibited or preempted by the Texas Constitution or state or federal law; a general law city has no charter and may only exercise those powers that are specifically granted or implied by statute."[26] As a General-Law city, Princeton must follow the laws of The State of Texas.[26] The Texas statutes that govern Princeton are called "LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE…CHAPTER 51. GENERAL POWERS OF MUNICIPALITIES."[31] Chapter 5 of the Texas Local Government Code defines Type A General Law cities[32] and Home Rule cities.[33] Approximately 75% of all Texas cities are General Law cities.[34]

Education[edit]

The City of Princeton is served by the Princeton Independent School District.

Finances[edit]

A Fitch business report for Princeton, dated October 09, 2012 [35] is titled: "Fitch Affirms Princeton, Texas GOs[36] and COs[37] at 'A-'; Outlook Negative."[35] The key rating drivers for the negative outlook are Princeton's diminished reserves, increased tax rates, slowed tax base growth, above average debt, and the city's inability to replenish unrestricted general fund balances to levels that provide adequate operating flexibility and financial cushion.[35] The negative outlook reflects the trend of operating deficits in recent years, culminating in a negative general fund balance at the close of fiscal 2011.[35] The fiscal 2011 net deficit was $4.2 million.[35] The fiscal 2013 budget includes an increased ad valorem tax rate to increase funding for maintenance and operations; increased water service rates are also included in the budget.[35] Fitch notes the city's ad valorem tax rate is above average for Texas municipalities.[35] Overall debt is above average at 5.2% of market value despite state support for overlapping school district debt and support for direct city debt by the utility system.[35] GO[36] debt amortization remains below average with 36.8% of principal scheduled for repayment within 10 years.[35] A newer Fitch report, dated August 27, 2013, shows Princeton's business outlook improved from "Negative" to "Stable."

Public health[edit]

On November 04, 2010, the city began running legal notices required by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), stating drinking water from their system has repeatedly tested positive for coliforms. Coliforms are bacteria that are naturally present in the environment and are used as indicators that other, potentially harmful bacteria may be present. The type of contamination was discovered in the northwestern part of the city by TCEQ agents.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Beattie, Chris. "Judge rules against Princeton in land case". McKinney Courier-Gazette. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  4. ^ Fike, Jennifer. "DA files against city in annexation case". The Princeton Herald. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "Ex rel". Wikipedia. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  6. ^ a b The State of Texas Ex Rel. Collin County, Texas vs. The City of Princeton, Texas (401st Judicial District Court 12 January 2010). Case No. 401-00108-2010
  7. ^ "Branch, Texas". Yola. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c Gammenthaler, Robert. "Caldwell wrong about annexation". McKinney Courier-Gazette. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Texas Civil Practice & Remedies Code - Section 66.001. Grounds". Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "366th District Court". Collin County, Texas. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  11. ^ The State of Texas Ex Rel. Collin County, Texas vs. The City of Princeton, Texas (366th Judicial District Court 25 February 2011). Case No. 366-00108-2010
  12. ^ "State of Texas vs. Princeton, TX". Yola. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Minutes". The City of Princeton. Retrieved July 2011. 
  14. ^ Engle, Jamie. "City manager terminated, no appeal in 982 case". 
  15. ^ "Annexation Boundary Map". City of Princeton. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Princeton, Texas". City Data. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Princeton, Texas Population: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographic, Statistics, Quick Facts". Census Viewer. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  18. ^ Minor, David. "Princeton, TX (Collin County)". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  19. ^ "Community Park/WWII P.O.W. Camp". Princeton, TX. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Princeton Onion Festival". Princeton, TX. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report". City Princeton. Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  22. ^ a b Gallagher, Danny. "Princeton says no to home rule". 
  23. ^ a b "Election Summary Report May 2008,". Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  24. ^ a b "Election Summary Report Nov. 2008". Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  25. ^ a b "Election Summary Report May 2014". 
  26. ^ a b c d e f "Alphabet Soup: Types of Texas Cities" (pdf). Texas Municipal League. 
  27. ^ "The Texas Constitution, Article 11. Municipal Corporations". Statutes. State of Texas. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  28. ^ "Texas Statute 302.001". Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  29. ^ "Texas Tax Code - Section 302.102 Tax Collection Powers". Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  30. ^ "Texas Local Government Code - Section 43.021.". Onecle. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  31. ^ "Local Government Code: Chapter 51". Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  32. ^ "Texas Local Government Code - Section 5.001". Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  33. ^ "Texas Local Government Code - Section 5.004". Retrieved 2013-02-21. 
  34. ^ "Local Government in Texas". Texas Municipal League. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Fitch Affirms Princeton, Texas GOs and COs at 'A-'; Outlook Negative". iStock Analyst. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  36. ^ a b "General Obligation Bond Definition". Venture Line. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  37. ^ "Certificate of Obligation Definition". Venture Line. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  38. ^ The Princeton Herald legal notices page, 11-04-10

External links[edit]