Propanil

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Propanil[1]
Propanil.png
Identifiers
CAS number 709-98-8 YesY
PubChem 4933
ChemSpider 4764 YesY
KEGG C14229 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL1222498 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C9H9Cl2NO
Molar mass 218.08 g/mol
Appearance White crystalline solid
Melting point 91-93 °C
Solubility in water 225 ppm
Hazards
LD50 1384 mg/kg (rat, oral)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Propanil is a widely used contact herbicide. With an estimated use of about 8 million pounds in 2001, it is one of the more widely used herbicides in the United States.[2]

Synthesis[edit]

Propanil is made industrially by nitration of 1,2-Dichlorobenzene, reduction with catalytic hydrogen, then reacted with acetyl chloride.[3]

Propanil synthesis.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 7814.
  2. ^ 2000-2001 Pesticide Market Estimates, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  3. ^ Wyatt, Stuart Warren, Paul (2008). Organic synthesis : the disconnection approach (2nd ed. ed.). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-470-71236-8. 

External Links=[edit]