Propanil

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Propanil[1]
Skeletal formula of propanil
Space-filling model of the propanil molecule
Names
IUPAC name
N-(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)propanamide
Other names
Propanide
Identifiers
709-98-8 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL1222498 YesY
ChemSpider 4764 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG C14229 YesY
PubChem 4933
Properties
C9H9Cl2NO
Molar mass 218.08 g/mol
Appearance White crystalline solid
Melting point 91 to 93 °C (196 to 199 °F; 364 to 366 K)
225 ppm
Hazards
1384 mg/kg (rat, oral)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 YesY verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Propanil is a widely used contact herbicide. With an estimated use of about 8 million pounds in 2001, it is one of the more widely used herbicides in the United States.[2]

Synthesis[edit]

Propanil is made industrially by nitration of 1,2-Dichlorobenzene, reduction with catalytic hydrogen, then reacted with acetyl chloride.[3]

Propanil synthesis.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 7814.
  2. ^ 2000-2001 Pesticide Market Estimates, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  3. ^ Wyatt, Stuart Warren, Paul (2008). Organic synthesis : the disconnection approach (2nd ed. ed.). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-470-71236-8. 

External Links=[edit]

  • Propanil in the Pesticide Properties DataBase (PPDB)