Prospect Reservoir at sunset
New South Wales
|Location||Western Sydney, New South Wales|
|Purpose||Potable water supply|
|Owner(s)||Sydney Catchment Authority|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Embankment dam|
|Height||26 m (85 ft)|
|Length||2,225 m (7,300 ft)|
|Dam volume||2,892×103 m3 (102.1×106 cu ft)|
|Spillway capacity||230 m3/s (8,100 cu ft/s)|
|Total capacity||50,200 ML (1,770×106 cu ft)|
|Catchment area||9.7 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|Surface area||5.25 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|Max. water depth||24 m (79 ft)|
The Prospect Reservoir is a 50,200-megalitre (1,770×106 cu ft) potable water supply and storage reservoir created by the Prospect Dam, across the Prospect Creek located in the Western Sydney suburb of Prospect, in New South Wales, Australia.
Shortly after 1808, William Lawson was appointed aide-de-camp to George Johnston and was granted 500 acres (2.0 km2) at Prospect, which he named Vereran Hall. He built a 40-room mansion there. He died on the property on 16 June 1850 and the property was eventually acquired by the Metropolitan Water Board. The house was demolished in 1926 and most of the property is submerged.
The dam was the first earthfill embankment dam in Australia and was completed in 1888. At the time it was intended to deliver water from the Nepean River to the reservoir. In May 1940 the reservoir became a part of the Warragamba Emergency Scheme. Pipes were constructed to deliver water 26 kilometres (16 mi) from Warragamba.
Since the Prospect Water Filtration Plant was completed in 1996, untreated water is generally not drawn from Prospect reservoir any more. Instead, the water is piped to the filtration plant directly from Warragamba Dam. The reservoir remains a part of Sydney Water's storage network, however it is anticipated that it will only be utilised for water supply purposes on average of five days in any five-year period. As the site attracts up to half a million visitors annually, recreational use of the site is carefully managed to ensure the water remains suitable for supplementing Sydney Water's requirements.
- "Register of Large Dams in Australia" (Excel (requires download)). Dams information. Australian National Committee on Large Dams. 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- Schladow, S. Geoffrey; Hamilton, David P. "Prediction of water quality in lakes and reservoirs" (PDF). Retrieved May 2007.
- Romero, J. R.; et al.. "Application of 1D and 3D Hydrodynamic Models Coupled to an Ecological Model to Two Water Supply Reservoirs" (PDF). Retrieved May 2007.
- Hamilton, David P.; Schladow, Geoffrey (1995). "Controlling the Indirect Effects of Flow Diversions on Water Quality in an Australian Reservoir". Environment International 21 (5): 583–590. doi:10.1016/0160-4120(95)00061-O.
- "Prospect Dam". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 29 August 2006.
- Dunlop, E. W. "Lawson, William (1774–1850)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, online edition. The Australian National University. Retrieved 29 August 2006.
- Gilmour, Alistair; Armstrong, I; Scandol, J. "Review of Recreational Access to Prospect Reservoir". Sydney: Adaptive Management at the Graduate School of the Environment (Macquarie University. Archived from the original on 2006-10-01. Retrieved 29 August 2006.
- "Georges River catchment" (map). Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales.
- Aerial photograph, Looking W at Clunnies Ross Basin and Prospect Reservoir – from Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust website
- Tony Maston Photographs Gallery with a number of images relating to the reservoir dating from 1920.