Qian Sanqiang

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Qian.

Qian Sanqiang (Chinese: 钱三强) (1913-1992) was a Chinese nuclear physicist.


A native of Huzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, Qian was born in Shaoxing, attending Peking University and Tsinghua University. His father is Qian Xuantong. Qian went to France in 1937. He studied in Collège de Sorbonne and Collège de France, doing research under Frédéric Joliot-Curie and Irène Joliot-Curie. He returned to China in 1948.

In 1954 he joined the Communist Party of China. He served successively as Director of the Institute of Modern Physics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Vice-Minister of the No. 2 Ministry of the Machine-building Industry, Vice-President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and honorary Chairman of the China Association for Science and Technology.

Qian made outstanding contributions to the establishment of nuclear science in the People's Republic of China and to the development of PRC's atomic and hydrogen bombs.

Academic offices
Preceded by
Chen Weida
President of Zhejiang University
1979 – 1982
Succeeded by
Yang Shilin