Huzhou

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Huzhou
湖州市
Prefecture-level city
Night in Huzhou.jpg
Location of Huzhou City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Location of Huzhou City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Coordinates: 30°52′N 120°06′E / 30.867°N 120.100°E / 30.867; 120.100
Country China
Province Zhejiang
Township-level divisions 5
Township-level divisions 66
Government
 • CPC Secretary Sun Wenyou (孙文友)
 • Mayor Ma Yi (马以)
Area
 • Land 5,818 km2 (2,246 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 2,570,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0572
GDP (2009) ¥111.2 billion
GDP per capita (2009) ¥39,206
License Plate E
Website huzhou.gov.cn
Huzhou
Chinese 湖州
Wu vu ciu (Huzhou dialect)
ghutseu (Shanghai dialect)
Literal meaning lake state

About this sound Huzhou  (Chinese: 湖州; pinyin: Húzhōu; Huzhou pronunciation vu ciu) is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province, China. Lying south of the Lake Tai, it borders Jiaxing to the east, Hangzhou to the south, and the provinces of Anhui and Jiangsu to the west and north respectively.

Location[edit]

  • Huzhou is in the center of Yangtze River Delta Economic Area, next to Shanghai in the east, on the south beach of Taihu lake—the third big freshwater lake in the China, rejoices Hangzhou in the south and links to Jiangsu and Anhui province in the west.
  • The State Way 318 of east-to-west direction, the State Way 104 of north-to-south direction, the Changxing-Huzhou-Shanghai Channel—Eastern Rhine River, Xuancheng-Hanghzou railway—the secondary tunnel in the east of China, Nanjing-Huzhou-Hangzhou express way and Shanghai-Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Anhui express way contributes to a quick and complicated transportation system.

Huzhou General Hospital[edit]

Dr. Fred P. Manget (1880-1979) went from the U.S. state of Georgia to Shanghai as a medical missionary in 1909. In 1912, he rented a building in Huzhou to establish a hospital that could hold about 30 beds. At the end of World War I, Dr. Manget returned to Shanghai and discussed with the representative of The Rockefeller Foundation in China about the Foundation’s intention to spread the practice of Western medicine in China. After much negotiation, the Chinese Government agreed to provide 9 acres (4 ha) of land, while the Foundation provided US$30,000 to build a hospital in Huzhou. The remaining needed funds were provided by the Southern Methodist Church and the Northern Baptist Church in the USA. Thus, the small hospital with a small rented building and one doctor was transformed into Huzhou General Hospital (湖州醫院), which had 9 acres (4 ha) of land, over 100 nurses and 100 other personnel, in addition to the most modern medical facilities in China. The facilities included a chemistry laboratory, an X-ray facility and a Nursing School. Later, Japanese troops occupied Huzhou General Hospital. Luckily, the family members of Dr. Manget were able to leave China for the USA. However, Dr. Manget was not willing to leave China. When he saw how badly the Japanese troops treated the Chinese people, he even dared to point out the wrongdoing of the Japanese troops. As a consequence, he was arrested by the Japanese troops, who wrongly accused him of espionage. Later, the Japanese troops released him. Under the strict control of the Japanese troops, Huzhou General Hospital reopened and Dr. Manget worked there for three and a half years.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

Qing dynasty[edit]

American Baptist missionaries operated in Huzhou during the Qing dynasty.[4][5]

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Huzhou administers six county-level divisions, including one economic development zone and two districts and threecounties.

These are further divided into 66 township-level divisions, including 50 towns, 10 townships and sixsubdistricts.

Map Subdivision Hanzi Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density
Huzhou mcp.jpg
City Proper
1 Wuxing District 吴兴区 Wúxīng Qū 757,165 871 869.30
Suburban
2 Nanxun District 南浔区 Nánxún Qū 536,054 716 748.67
Rural
3 Changxing County 长兴县 Chángxīng Xiàn 641,982 1,388 462.52
4 Deqing County 德清县 Déqīng Xiàn 491,789 936 525.41
5 Anji County 安吉县 Ānjí Xiàn 466,552 1,882 247.90

Economy[edit]

  • Huzhou is known as the City of Silk, is one of the Four Capital-cities of Silk in China.
  • Textiles (especially silk), building materials and agriculture.

Military[edit]

Huzhou is headquarters of the 1st Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Nanjing Military Region responsible for the defense of China's eastern coast and the recovery of Taiwan.

Tourism[edit]

The Lotus Garden (pinyin "Lianhua Zhuang") is a small garden located near the city center of Huzhou. It was built in 1924 and features local history, including a Tea House, and ancient stones transferred from Tai Hu (Lake Tai). The park is open during daytime hours, free admission, and many local people will have Taiji exercise or Mahjong games. The park has a lake system where Lotus flowers bloom seasonally, and a large Koi pond attraction. Also, pedal boats are available for leisure.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Huzhou is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Specialty[edit]

  • Silk:

Huzhou is well known as one of the birthplaces for silk civilization. In 1958, a great number of silk, silk ribbon and uncarbonized tablets were found in the southern suburbs of Huzhou. Sciencists from the Institute of Archaeology measured these silk product carefully and determined the age of silk dating back 4700 years ago. Now, these silk pieces have become the greatest treasures of Zhejiang silk museum. Huzhou silk has many good features,such as pale in color, quality, flexibility,and round shape,As a result, Huzhou silk has gained a good reputation for a long time. The history of Huzhou silk can be chased down to the time of the Warring States (474BC-221BC) .By this time of Southern and Northern Dynasties(AD420-AD589), Huzhou silk has already been exported to more than ten countries . During Tang dynasty (AD618-AD907), Huzhou silk is chosen as an imperial tribute,which marks the prosperity of silk production . When it comes to Ming dynasty (AD1368-AD1644), the residents living near the lake entering the extile industry, resulting in an enricment of Huzhou Silk species. Huzhou Silk has won awards in the World's Fair, and is famous overseas.[7]

Huzhou has a long history of manufacturing ink brushes, and it can be traced back to Qin Dynasty. Huzhou's ink brush production and manufacture gained prominence in the Ming Dynasty (13th century). Now Hzhou is known as the "Hometown of Ink Brush". Huzhou also holds annual "Huzhou Ink Brush Festival", and the festival also has some memorial activities dedicated to Meng Tian - the inventor of ink brush pen. The most famous brush pen workshop in Huzhou could be the Shanlian ( Simplified Chinese: 善 琏; Pinyin: Shàn Liǎn), and its brush pens are named Shanlian Hubi ( Simplified Chinese: 善琏湖 笔; Pinyin: Shànliǎn Húbǐ). Shanlian is also a local place name, whose ancient name was Mengxi (蒙溪, literally means "the creek of Meng Tian"). Meng Tian made brush pens there.

  • Zhouji dumpling

Zhouji dumpling is founded by Zhouji. It is said that in 1930, the Zhouji saw Ding Lianfang( Chinese Name) opened a snack store,which is booming, as a result, Zhouji also opened a store to compete. Soon after, Zhouji's snack store was defeated,then he opened a shop called " Zhouji's dumpling shop ". Zhouji is very particular about the quality of the dumpling and select all raw materials very carefully,such as the bamboo clothing(the out layer of bamboo leaf), sesame,sesame oil, wine, sugar, salt and other spices to be added into the dumpling.Besides that,Zhouji invented a special processing of the dumpling so that dumplings won't broke up easily when boiled. Combined with the special sause,the dumplings have a fantastic taste and is very popular among people.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nona B. McMichael (Mrs. Robert S.), "The story of Dr. Fred Prosper Manget", the Woman's Auxiliary of the Bibb County Medical Society, Georgia, April 4, 1963 Meeting, Macon, GA, 1963.
  2. ^ Rebecca Chan Chung, Deborah Chung and Cecilia Ng Wong, "Piloted to Serve", 2012
  3. ^ https://www.facebook.com/PilotedToServe
  4. ^ American Baptist Foreign Mission Society (1893). Baptist missionary magazine, Volume 73. VOLUME LXXIII. BOSTON : MISSONARY ROOMS.: American Baptist Missionary Union. p. 315. Retrieved 1 March 2012. "approval of the native magistrates, and with the best of titles, accomplished without any help from the consul. This gives our mission in Huchau a thoroughly legal standing, marks the changed temper of the people, and is a call to American Baptists to prepare for future harvests in this populous plain. Thus far no Huchau natives have been baptized; but we have a few inquirers and about fifteen regular attendants on Sundays, besides, of course, large numbers of occasional hearers. Our Needy Parish. — Huchau Prefecture is forty miles by fifty. Besides us, there is only one other resident missionary in the territory. There are a million idolaters. There are hundreds- of villages never yet visited by a missionary or native preacher. Proper gospel preach ing requires repeated visits to the same place. We are overwhelmed with the vast number of opportunities. What shall we do? Get native preachers from the older stations? £Io, for they do not succeed in learning the Huchau dialect. You friends at home must help us pray that God may raise up native Huchau preachers. Missionaries are needed first to gather a body of converts from, which to select the leaders. To open for us speedily the hearts and homes of many, send us a missionary physician. Send us several families for extension work. In this prefecture, besides other inviting fields, are two walled cities, wholly unoccupied, where we ought to place missionaries at once — Chang-hing and Hiao-fung. Hangchau Chapel. — This is on a busy street in the growing capital of the province. Scores of hearers daily listen to the message of the native preacher. Sometimes I help him in a series of evening meetings. For twenty and more years our mission has done its share of general evangelization and of instruction of inquirers. But when it comes to joining a church, the Chinaman is not peculiar in going where there are the most attractions. Therefore, if we intend to work in Hangchau, there should be a Baptist missionary there at once. Otherwise we should sell out .the chapel and lot, and retire. Although four other missions work in the city, there is ample room for us among eight hundred thousand people. Something should be done soon. For our work to exist so long at this poor dying rate is not creditable to American Baptists or honoring to Christ. Shang-pah Church. — Shang-pah (or Zong-pah), forty miles southwest of Huchau, is the largest town in Wu kang County. Being in Huchau Prefecture, the work in that county formerly connected with the Shaohing station is now superintended from Huchau. We own a good chapel. The church has about thirty members, mostly farmers. The preacher, now supported by the Missionary Union, ought to be supported by the Christians. How to get them to do it is the problem. Their characters, as V rule, show evidence of divine grace; but none are as earnestly seeking as they ought for the spiritual welfare of their tens of thousands of heathen neighbors. We all need more of the Spirit's power, and we are seeking that in faith. But the more prayer ascends from your hearts in America for us, the more power shall -we receive for the help of men and the glory of God. KINHWA. Rev. Alfred Copp and wife, Miss Clara E. Righter, Miss Annie S. Young. Rev. Joseph S. Adams and wife, absent on furlough. Mr. Copp reports : — As I cannot be in Kinhwa at present, much against my wish, as the students were in the city when we left, I am making the best of my time here in Shaohing by selling books and tracts in a regular canvass we are making of the city, and in helping to carry on the chapel preaching at Mr. Gould's two places here in this city. We are having a good time selling Scriptures from house to house, and a pretty good time preaching in the street chapels. What a large city this is! Perhaps some three or four hundred thousand inhabitants. There are said to be seventy thousand persons engaged in making paper, etc., for idol worship. Oh, if you could" (the University of Wisconsin - Madison)(Digitized Jan 14, 2009)
  5. ^ American Baptist Foreign Mission Society (May 23–24, 1890). Annual report ..., Volumes 76-79. BOSTON MISSIONARY ROOMS, TREMONT TEMPLE. p. 137. Retrieved 1 March 2012. "approval of the native magistrates, and with the best of titles, accomplished without any help from the consul. This gives our mission in Huchau a thoroughly legal standing, marks the changed temper of the people, and is a call to American Baptists to prepare for future harvests in this populous plain. Thus far no Huchau natives have been baptized; but we have a few inquirers and about fifteen regular attendants on Sundays, besides, of course, large numbers of occasional hearers. Our Xeedy Parish.— Huchau Prefecture is forty miles by fifty. Besides us, there is only one other resident missionary in the territory. There are a million idolaters. There are hundreds of villages never yet visited by a missionary or native preacher. Proper gospel preaching requires repeated visits to the same place. We are overwhelmed with the vast number of opportunities. What shall we do? Get native preachers from the older stations? No, for they do not succeed in learning the Huchau dialect. You friends at home must help us pray that God may raise up native Huchau preachers. Missionaries are needed first to gather a body of converts from which to select the leaders. To open for us speedily the hearts and homes of many, send us a missionary physician. Send us several families for extension work. In this prefecture, besides other inviting fields, are two walled cities, wholly unoccupied, where we ought to place missionaries at once — Chang-hing and Hiao-fung. Hangchau Chapel.— This is on a busy street in the growing capital of the province. Scores of hearers daily listen to the message of the native preacher. Sometimes I help him in a series of evening meetings. For twenty and more years our mission has done its share of general evangelization and of instruction of inquirers. But when it comes to joining'a church, the Chinaman is not peculiar in going where there are the most attractions. Therefore, if we intend to work in Hangchau, there should be a Baptist missionary there at once. Otherwise we should sell out the chapel and lot, and retire. Although four other missions work in the city, there is ample room for us among eight hundred thousand people. Something should be done soon. For our work to exist so long at this poor dying rate is not creditable to American Baptists or honoring to Christ. Shang-pah Church.— Shang-pah (or Zong-pah), forty miles southwest of Huchau, is the largest town in Wu kang County. Being in Huchau Prefecture, the work in that county formerly connected with the Shaohing station is now superintended from Huchau. We own a good chapel. The church has about thirty members, mostly farmers. The preacher, now supported by the Missionary Union, ought to be supported by the Christians. How to get them to do it is the problem. Their characters, as a rule, show evidence of divine grace; but none are as earnestly seeking as they ought for the spiritual welfare of their tens of thousands of heathen neighbors. We all need more of the Spirit's power, and we are seeking that in faith. But the more prayer ascends from your hearts in America for us, the more power shall we receive for the help of men and the glory of God. KINHWA. Rev. Alfred Copp and wife, Miss Clara E. Righter, Miss Annie S. Young. Rev. Joseph S. Adams and wife, absent on furlough. Mr. Copp reports : — As I cannot be in Kinhwa at present, much against my wish, as the students were in the city when we left, I am making the best of my time here in Shaohing by selling books and tracts in a regular canvass we are making of the city, and in helping to carry on the chapel preaching at Mr. Gould's two places here in this city. We are having a good time selling Scriptures from house to house, and a pretty good time preaching in the street chapels. What a large city this is! Perhaps some three or four hundred thousand inhabitants. There are said to be seventy thousand persons engaged in making paper, etc., for idol worship. Oh, if you could" (the New York Public Library)(Digitized Feb 4, 2011)
  6. ^ "Radom - Miasta partnerskie" [Radom - Partnership cities]. Miasto Radom [City of Radom] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  7. ^ "huzhou silk history." baidu. baidu, 09 May 2009. Web. 30 Oct 2013. <http://zhidao.baidu.com/link?url=CM4uZMECsupncKVKYyTqYMeoFtCAK1AfMw2LwhBsCKTexNGe2thEvG89mxTFhm2bq-xYtNUKF_L0F36GXI-t_q>.
  8. ^ "Zhoushengji dumpling." Baidu bai ke. baidu, 07 Sept. 2012. Web. 30 Oct 2013. <http://baike.baidu.com/link?url=k203n4zx2KUGhndt4GckwM_B6sPuzpjOsuFo5gYqwh5MKXeBhL6zo9-h05_bw6zg>.

External links[edit]