Quorn, Leicestershire

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Coordinates: 52°44′34″N 1°10′12″W / 52.742781°N 1.169988°W / 52.742781; -1.169988

Quorn
Quorndon High Street.jpg
Quorn High Street
Quorn is located in Leicestershire
Quorn
Quorn
 Quorn shown within Leicestershire
Population 4,961 (2001)
OS grid reference SK561164
District Charnwood
Shire county Leicestershire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Loughborough
Postcode district LE12
Dialling code 01509
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Loughborough
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire

Quorn is a village in Leicestershire, England, situated next to the university town of Loughborough. Quorn's name was shortened from Quorndon in 1889, to avoid postal difficulties owing to its similarity to the name of another village, Quarndon, in neighbouring Derbyshire.[1] The toponym of the village's original name is thought to be derived from the Old English cweorndun, meaning "hill (dun) where millstones (cweorn) are obtained".

History[edit]

The first known evidence of the village is in the Lincoln Episcopal Registers for 1209–1235, as Quernendon. Other variations of the village name over the centuries include Querne, Quendon, Querendon, Quim, Quarendon, Qaryndon, Querinden, Querondon, and Quernedon.[2]

The quarrying of stone in Quorn began at a very early age at Buddon Wood, on the edge of the parish. Granite millstones were quarried in the early Iron Age, and under the Romans stone was quarried for building in Leicester. Some of the larger millstones can still be seen in the area, however these days they are either used as garden ornaments, or worked into seats or slabs.

Quorn Hall, off Meynell Road on the eastern edge of the village, was built for the Farnham family in about 1680.[3] It became the home of renowned fox hunter Hugo Meynell in 1753. He established his pack of hounds there, where it continued under later masters until 1905, thus giving a name to the famous Quorn Hunt.[4] Three Royal Navy ships have been named HMS Quorn after the hunt.[5]

World Wars[edit]

War memorial by Quorn Cross

96 men from Quorn lost their lives in the two World Wars (77 in World War I and 19 in World War II).[6] A cenotaph in Quorn's Memorial Gardens honours these men.

Quorn Camp was established on the grounds of Quorn House during World War II. It was used as a PoW camp[7][8] and was also host to a number of the United States Army 82nd Airborne Division's 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment.[9] These paratroopers were involved in liberating the town of Sainte-Mère-Église, in Normandy, France, on the morning of D-Day and included Pvt. John Marvin Steele who famously became caught on the town's church spire.[10] This incident is today commemorated with a dummy paratrooper and parachute attached to the church in Sainte-Mère-Église.

A number of American veterans come back to Quorn, particularly every tenth anniversary of the D-Day landings, to remember their time in Quorn and their comrades who did not return.[11]

US war memorial plaque in Memorial Gardens

There is a plaque commemorating the lost US servicemen in Quorn's Memorial Gardens, upon which a poppy wreath is placed each year on Remembrance Sunday. There is also an avenue of lime trees in Stafford Orchard (the village park) in remembrance of those American soldiers that died, together with a plaque.[9]

Today[edit]

Great Central Railway, Quorn Station

Quorn is built around the old A6 road which runs through the centre of the village. On 28 October 1991 a dual carriageway bypass opened taking the A6 away to the north-eastern edge of the village.[12]

The village has a train station called "Quorn and Woodhouse", shared with the neighbouring hamlet of Woodhouse, which was on the national Great Central Railway network. The station is now on the preserved Great Central Steam Railway. Numerous royal visitors have disembarked at the station to take part in the Quorn Hunt, including the Prince of Wales (later Kind Edward VIII).[13] As well as being a site of historical and cultural interest throughout the year, the station hosts a fireworks display on the Bonfire weekend.

Sarson Street, running adjacent to Rawlins Community College, features many 19th Century terraced cottages, formerly those of framework knitters. Framework knitting was a major local industry until the onset of major mechanisation, and the cottages along this road display certain features typical of such an activity. Large windows for example were intended to allow in the necessary amount of light by which to work.

M. Wright & Sons Ltd have been manufacturing fabrics at Quorn Mill, on Leicester Road, since 1870. Originally producing fabrics for the footwear and corset trades, the factory now produces high technology textiles for various industries including military, aerospace and leisure.[14]

"The Banks" area of the village is an ornate paved area with seating, designed to resemble the letter 'Q' when seen from the air.

The village prides itself on its green spaces, and more evidence of this can be seen with the opposition to proposed development at Caves field. This is a large cricket pitch with a pavilion near the centre of Quorn, which was the focus of interest from a housing development company. Objection was widespread, not only at the prospect of losing the cricket field but also due to the threat to a neighbouring wetland ecosystem, considered valuable by environmentalists and the village population.

In the past few years, efforts have been made to cater for the local young people. These have resulted in a half pipe being built next to the basketball court on the park, and a green shelter erected on the same site. The large park, with its shaded area by the stream, large football pitch and half pipe now appeals to people of all ages. Examples of how the park contributes to the village can be seen at the large and successful Mayday fete, as well as the local pub football matches occasionally held there.

St Bartholomew's Church

The Church of St Bartholomew and Farnham Chapel is a Grade I listed building.[15]

Quorn House, off Meeting Street, is currently home to the offices of fitness guru Rosemary Conley.[16]

The non-meat protein Quorn was not named after the village[citation needed].

Education[edit]

St Bartholomew's Primary School is a Church of England controlled school for foundation-age children through year 6.[17] In the centre of the village is Rawlins Community College, a comprehensive school for young people from year 10 through sixth form (from year 7 through sixth form from 2013). The school also provides adult education and leisure classes.[18] This is on the site of the Thomas Rawlins Grammar School for Girls.

Loughborough Grammar School have a number of sports pitches on the edge of the village.[19]

Population[edit]

The 2001 census showed Quorn's population to be 4,961 (2,412 males and 2,549 females) living in 2,083 households with an average age of 41.[20]

Parish Boundaries[edit]

The River Soar forms much of Quorn's eastern boundary with the village of Barrow upon Soar and captures Pilling's Lock and parts of the Grand Union Canal, Midland Main Line railway and A6 dual carriageway. The southern boundary, with the neighbouring villages of Mountsorrel, Rothley and Swithland, encompasses Buddon Wood, Mountsorrel Quarry and part of Swithland Reservoir. The Great Central Railway makes up most of western boundary with the village of Woodhouse. The northern boundary captures Bull in the Hollow Farm and is shared with the hamlet of Woodthorpe and the town of Loughborough.[21]

Representation[edit]

Quorn Parish Council is the village administration with around ten elected councillors.[22] The village is represented at district level by two Charnwood Borough Council councillors for the Quorn & Mountsorrel Castle ward, Richard Shepherd (Con) and David Slater (Con).[23] At county level, Quorn, along with the neighbouring village of Barrow upon Soar, is represented by a single Leicestershire County Council councillor, Tony Kershaw (Con).[24] Quorn is represented in the UK Parliament by Nicky Morgan (Con), MP for the Loughborough constituency.[25] At European level, Quorn is in the East Midlands constituency, which has five MEPs in the European Parliament; Derek Clark (UKIP/EFD), Roger Helmer (UKIP), Emma McClarkin (Con/ECR), Bill Newton-Dunn (LD/ALDE) and Glenis Willmott (Lab/S&D).[26]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.quornmuseum.com/display.php?id=899
  2. ^ "See page 5" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  3. ^ "Quorn Hall". British Listed Buildings. 
  4. ^ William Charles Arlington Blew, The Quorn hunt and its masters (London: John C. Nimmo, 1899): chapter Mr H. Meynell, 1753–1800
  5. ^ "HMS Quorn". Royalnavy.mod.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  6. ^ http://www.quorndon-mag.org.uk/british_legion/memorials.html
  7. ^ http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/content/publications/docs/prisoner-of-war-camps.pdf
  8. ^ Rogers, Simon (2010-11-08). "Every prisoner of war camp in the UK mapped and listed | News | guardian.co.uk". Guardian. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  9. ^ a b "US 82nd Airborne Division - The Quorn Village On-line Museum". Quornmuseum.com. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  10. ^ "See photographs". 505rct.org. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  11. ^ December 5, 2007, 3:21 PM (2007-12-05). "Revisiting Quorn". CBS News. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  12. ^ "Pages 5 & 6". Dft.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  13. ^ http://www.railwayarchive.org.uk/stories/pages.php?enum=LE128&pnum=6&maxp=9
  14. ^ "A Family owned Woven Narrow Fabrics company , M Wright & Sons Ltd, Quorn". Mwright.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  15. ^ Search: (1966-06-01). "Church of St Bartholomew and Farnham Chapel, Church Lane, Quorn - Listed Buildings - Charnwood Borough Council". Charnwood.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  16. ^ "Rosemary Conley Diet and Fitness Clubs - UK - Contact Us". Rosemaryconley.com. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  17. ^ "Saint Bartholomew's Primary School, Quorn Village, England". St-bartholomews.leics.sch.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  18. ^ "Home - Rawlins". Rawlinscollege.org.uk. 2012-02-27. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  19. ^ "Sports | Loughborough Grammar School". Lesgrammar.org. 2011-09-26. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  20. ^ http://www.leics.gov.uk/quorndon.pdf
  21. ^ OS Explorer Map 246. 2005.
  22. ^ "Quorn Parish Council - meet the team, Quorn Village, Leicestershire, UK". Quorndon.com. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  23. ^ Search: (2013-04-15). "All Councillors Listed by Ward - Charnwood Borough Council". Charnwood.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  24. ^ http://politics.leics.gov.uk/mgUserInfo.aspx?UID=270
  25. ^ "The Conservative Party | People | Members of Parliament | Nicky Morgan MP". Conservatives.com. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  26. ^ http://www.europarl.europa.eu/meps/en/search.html?country=GB
  27. ^ http://www.andyreedmp.org.uk/quorn.html
  28. ^ "Wisden - David Gower". Cricinfo.com. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 

External links[edit]