Radio VNG

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Radio VNG was Australia's national time signal service. It was inaugurated by the Australian Post Office on 21 September 1964.[1] Originally it transmitted on 4500, 7500 and 12000 kHz from Lyndhurst, Victoria.[2] After 1987 it relocated to Shanes Park, NSW, and transmitted on 2500, 5000, 8638, 12984, and 16000 kHz.[3]

Signal properties[edit]

Radio VNG broadcast time in binary coded decimal, during seconds 21-58. It also broadcast DUT-1 information during seconds 1-16. Tones were usually of 1 kHz. Radio VNG also broadcast a spoken time signal every 15 minutes. The exact words in earlier years were:

"This is VNG Lyndhurst, Victoria, Australia on 4.5, 7.5 or 12 MHz. VNG is a standard frequency and time signal service of the Australian Telecommunications Commission. This is VNG Lyndhurst, Victoria, Australia on 4.5, 7.5 or 12 MHz."

If a leap second were to be introduced, a further voice announcement occurred.

Historical[edit]

The original service (Lyndhurst) 38°03′03″S 145°15′44″E / 38.05083°S 145.26222°E / -38.05083; 145.26222 was shut down in October 1987, due to a lack of funding. The area has since been converted to housing estates with the only hints to the former site at Lyndhurst and the vast antenna arrays for VNG and other radio services ever existing is "Tower Hill Park" and a road called "Towerhill Boulevard". The original Lyndhust site was owned by the Commonwealth Of Australia and the boundaries of the site were essentially a triangle shape formed by the South Gippsland Highway, Hallam Road and Lynbrook Boulevard.

The replacement Radio VNG service operated from 33°42′52″S 150°47′33″E / 33.71444°S 150.79250°E / -33.71444; 150.79250Coordinates: 33°42′52″S 150°47′33″E / 33.71444°S 150.79250°E / -33.71444; 150.79250, Shanes Park, Llandillo, NSW, until 30 June 2002 on 2500 kHz and 8838 kHz. The remaining three transmitters (5000, 12984, and 16000 kHz) were finally closed down on 31 December 2002.

Currently available time signals[edit]

Many scientific and astronomical users of the service were somewhat inconvenienced with the shutdown of Radio VNG.

Daytime reception of overseas shortwave and longwave time signal services in Australia (and New Zealand) is rather poor as the nearest HF (and longwave) time signal services are BPM (China), JJY (Japan) and WWVH (Hawaii, USA).

References[edit]

  1. ^ From QSL card confirming reception on 28 December 1974 in Seattle, Washington, USA on 12 MHz.
  2. ^ Klawitter, G. (1980). List of Time Signal Stations (9th Edition). Wuerzburg: Boehler-Verlag GmbH. pp. 11–12. 
  3. ^ Klingenfuss, J. (2001). 2002 Guide to Utility Radio Stations (20th Edition). Klingenfuss. pp. 54, 97, 162, 229, 274, 384. ISBN 3-924509-02-6. 

Further reading[edit]