Rainbow Warrior (1957)

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For other ships of the same name, see Rainbow Warrior.
Rainbow Warrior.jpg
The Rainbow Warrior in port at Bastia in 2006
Career
Name: Kashmir
Owner: Craig & Sons, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Greenpeace (1989 – 2011), Friendship (2011 - )
Port of registry: Amsterdam, Netherlands (1989 – )
Builder: Cochrane & Sons, Selby, United Kingdom.
Launched: 1957
Acquired: 1987
Identification: IMO number: 5300481

MMSI number: 244535000

Call sign: PC8024[1]
Status: Retired, 16 August 2011
General characteristics
Class & type: Motor assisted schooner
Tonnage: 555 GT
Length: 55.20 m (181 ft 1 in)
Beam: 8.54 m (28 ft 0 in)
Draught: 4.6 m (15 ft 1 in)
Propulsion: Two Diesel Deutz-MWM
2 × 6 cylinder
2 x 500 KW
Speed: 13 knots (maximum)
10 knots (cruising)
Range: 30 days
Boats & landing
craft carried:
One Avon
Four Novurania
Capacity: 30
Notes: Sail area: 650 m²


The Rainbow Warrior (sometimes informally called Rainbow Warrior II) is a three-masted schooner most notable for service with the environmental protection organization Greenpeace. She was built from the hull of the deep sea fishing ship Ross Kashmir[2] (later the Grampian Fame), which had been built by Cochrane & Sons of Selby, North Yorkshire and launched in 1957. Rainbow Warrior was originally 44 metres long and powered by steam, but was extended to 55.2 m in 1966. Greenpeace gave the vessel new masts, a gaff rig, a new engine and a number of environmentally low-impact systems to handle waste, heating and hot water.[3] She was officially re-launched in Hamburg on 10 July 1989, the fourth anniversary of the sinking of her predecessor, the original Rainbow Warrior.

Over the course of her career, Rainbow Warrior has participated in activist campaigns such as blockading the Russian whaling fleet, protesting French nuclear weapons testing, and stopping ships with cargos of coal and palm oils, as well as humanitarian activities such as evacuating the inhabitants of Rongelap after the island was contaminated by nuclear testing, and providing aid after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.[4] The Rainbow Warrior, piloted by skipper Mike Fincken, docked at the Legazpi City port in Albay on 22 May 2008 for a one month long "Quit Coal, Save the Climate" Philippines tour and campaign aimed to educate people on the effects of the use of coal on the environment, specifically on climate change. The tour proposed alternative energy sources such as geothermal and solar energy.[5]

The Rainbow Warrior damaged the Tubbataha Reef, a world heritage site in the Philippines in 2005. Greenpeace was fined $7,000.00 for the damaging almost 1,076 sq ft of the coral reef.[6]Greenpeace blamed faulty maps provided by the Philippine government for the accident.[6] The BBC quoted Greenpeace official Red Constantino as saying "The chart indicated we were a mile and a half" from the coral reef when the ship ran aground.[6] Greenpeace paid the fine. [6]

The Rainbow Warrior was retired in August 2011 and sold to Friendship, a Bangladesh NGO, to serve as a hospital ship, renamed Rongdhonu, Bengali for rainbow.[4] She docked in the port of Chittagong on 29 August to undergo a refitting for that purpose.[4] Rainbow Warrior III launched in October 2011.

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