Randa, Switzerland

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Randa
Randa village
Randa village
Coat of arms of Randa
Coat of arms
Randa is located in Switzerland
Randa
Randa
Coordinates: 46°06′N 7°47′E / 46.100°N 7.783°E / 46.100; 7.783Coordinates: 46°06′N 7°47′E / 46.100°N 7.783°E / 46.100; 7.783
Country Switzerland
Canton Valais
District Visp
Government
 • Mayor Leo Jörger
Area[1]
 • Total 54.51 km2 (21.05 sq mi)
Elevation 1,406 m (4,613 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 445
 • Density 8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
Postal code 3928
SFOS number 6287
Localities Wildi
Surrounded by Ayer, Oberems, Saas Fee, Sankt Niklaus, Täsch, Zermatt
Website www.randa.ch
SFSO statistics

Randa is a municipality in the district of Visp in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It is located between the Weisshorn and the Dom in the Matter Valley.

History[edit]

The Randa rockslide source and debris deposit seen over the town of Randa.

Randa is first mentioned in 1305 as Randa.[3]

In 1819, the village was almost totally destroyed by the blast from a huge avalanche that fell nearby.[4]

In 1991, a portion of the village was flooded following a large rockslide from a cliff above the town.

The village is popular for tourists wishing to visit the area, as it is reachable by car and rail, and has a campsite which offers a taxi service to Zermatt, a car-free town. The train-line, known as the Glacier Express also connects to Zermatt offering visitors many ways to access the town.

Geography[edit]

The recent landslide above Randa

Randa has an area, as of 2011, of 54.5 square kilometers (21.0 sq mi). Of this area, 8.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 9.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and 81.5% is unproductive land.[5]

The municipality is located in the Visp district, in the Matter valley. It consists of the village of Randa and the hamlets of Lerch, Wildi and Attermänze.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Divided by a Bend Argent, Gules a Mullet [of Six] of the First and Vert an Edelweiss proper slipped.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Randa train station

Randa has a population (as of December 2013) of 445.[2] As of 2008, 22.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010 ) the population has changed at a rate of -9.7%. It has changed at a rate of -3.5% due to migration and at a rate of -2.8% due to births and deaths.[5]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (320 or 79.2%) as their first language, Albanian is the second most common (55 or 13.6%) and Serbo-Croatian is the third (17 or 4.2%). There is 1 person who speaks French, 1 person who speaks Italian.[8]

As of 2008, the population was 46.7% male and 53.3% female. The population was made up of 133 Swiss men (33.9% of the population) and 50 (12.8%) non-Swiss men. There were 160 Swiss women (40.8%) and 49 (12.5%) non-Swiss women.[9] Of the population in the municipality, 240 or about 59.4% were born in Randa and lived there in 2000. There were 51 or 12.6% who were born in the same canton, while 26 or 6.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 84 or 20.8% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 27.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 59.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.6%.[5]

As of 2000, there were 195 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 188 married individuals, 16 widows or widowers and 5 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000, there were 146 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.8 persons per household.[5] There were 40 households that consist of only one person and 22 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 145 apartments (43.0% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 151 apartments (44.8%) were seasonally occupied and 41 apartments (12.2%) were empty.[10] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.29%.[5]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][11]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 72.09% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (12.69%), the SVP (11.9%) and the Green Party (1.66%). In the federal election, a total of 166 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 59.3%.[12]

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 147 votes were cast, of which 14 or about 9.5% were invalid. The voter participation was 54.2%, which is similar to the cantonal average of 54.67%.[13] In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election election a total of 164 votes were cast, of which 6 or about 3.7% were invalid. The voter participation was 59.6%, which is similar to the cantonal average of 59.88%.[14]

Economy[edit]

Glacier Express at the railway station

As of 2010, Randa had an unemployment rate of 3.1%. As of 2008, there were 32 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 46 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 6 businesses in this sector. 35 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 11 businesses in this sector.[5] There were 188 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 41.0% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 86. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 13, of which 6 were in agriculture and 7 were in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 46 of which 9 or (19.6%) were in manufacturing and 37 (80.4%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 27. In the tertiary sector; 1 was in the sale or repair of motor vehicles, 2 or 7.4% were in the movement and storage of goods, 12 or 44.4% were in a hotel or restaurant, 1 was the insurance or financial industry, 2 or 7.4% were technical professionals or scientists, 5 or 18.5% were in education.[15]

In 2000, there were 19 workers who commuted into the municipality and 138 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 7.3 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[16] Of the working population, 46.3% used public transportation to get to work, and 35.6% used a private car.[5]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 328 or 81.2% were Roman Catholic, while 11 or 2.7% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 4 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.99% of the population). There were 55 (or about 13.61% of the population) who were Islamic. 1 (or about 0.25% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 5 individuals (or about 1.24% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

In Randa about 178 or (44.1%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 13 or (3.2%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 13 who completed tertiary schooling, 76.9% were Swiss men, 15.4% were Swiss women.[8]

As of 2000, there was one student in Randa who came from another municipality, while 28 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Randa in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Lane, F.W. The Elements Rage (David & Charles 1966), p. 83
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 3 October 2011
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 3 October 2011
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ Ständige Wohnbevolkerung nach Geschlecht und Heimat am 31.12.2009.xls (German) (French) accessed 24 August 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  13. ^ Staatsratswahlen vom 1. März 2009 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  14. ^ Ständeratswahl 2007 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010

External links[edit]