Biastophilia

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Biastophilia (from Greek biastes, "rape" + -philia) and its Latin language-derived counterpart, raptophilia (from Latin rapere, "to seize"), also paraphilic rape,[1] refer to a paraphilia in which sexual arousal is dependent on, or is responsive to, the act of assaulting an unconsenting person, especially a stranger.[2][3]

Some dictionaries consider the terms synonymous,[4] while others distinguish raptophilia as the paraphilia in which sexual arousal is responsive to actually raping the victim.[5]

The source of the arousal in these paraphilias is the victim's terrified resistance to the assault,[6] and in this respect it is considered to be a form of sexual sadism.[1]

Biastophilia is accepted as potentially lethal, other such paraphilias including, but not being limited to asphyxiophilia, autassassinophilia, hybristophilia, and chremastistophilia.[7]

Under the name Paraphilic Coercive Disorder, this diagnosis has been proposed for inclusion in DSM-5.[8] This diagnosis, under the name Paraphilic Rapism, was proposed—and rejected—in DSM-III-R,[9] has been criticized because of the impossibility of reliably distinguishing between paraphilic rapists and non-paraphilic rapists and because of the way that this diagnosis, under the term Paraphilia NOS (not otherwise specified), nonconsent has been used in Sexually Violent Person/Predator commitment.[10]

Czech sexology standardly use a concept of pathologic sexual aggressivity instead. This term is strongly distinguished from sadism.[11][12] This disorder is understood as a coordination anomaly of the sexual motivation system (SMS), a "courtship disorder" according to Kurt Freund or displacement paraphilia by John Money, or a missing segment of SMS.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ronald Blackburn, "The Psychology of Criminal Conduct: Theory, Research and Practice" (1993)ISBN 0471912956, p. 87
  2. ^ Corsini, Raymond J. (2002). The Dictionary of Psychology. Philadelphia: Brunner-Routledge. p. p. 109. ISBN 1-58391-328-9. OCLC 48932974. 
  3. ^ Flora, Rudy (2001). How to Work with Sex Offenders: A Handbook for Criminal Justice, Human Service, and Mental Health Professionals. New York: Haworth Clinical Practice Press. p. p. 91. ISBN 0-7890-1499-8. OCLC 45668958. 
  4. ^ Eric W. Hickey, "Encyclopedia of Murder & Violent Crime", ISBN 0-7619-2437-X (2003) p. 347
  5. ^ Holmes, Ronald M. Sex Crimes: Patterns and Behavior. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. p. p. 247. ISBN 0-7619-2417-5. OCLC 48883594. 
  6. ^ Raymond J. Corsini "The Dictionary of Psychology", ISBN 1-58391-028-X (1999) p. 692
  7. ^ Gordon, Jr., Wilbert Anthony and James E. Elias. 2005. "Potentially Lethal Modes of Sexual Expression". Paper presented at the 2005 Western Region Annual Conference of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality.
  8. ^ http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevisions/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=416
  9. ^ Thomas K. Zander. Inventing diagnosis for civil commitment of rapists. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 36, 459–469.
  10. ^ Frances, Allen. 2010. Opening Pandora’s Box: The 19 Worst Suggestions For DSM5. Psychiatric Times Feb. 11, 2010. http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/dsm/content/article/10168/1522341
  11. ^ Jaroslav Zvěřina: Patologická sexuální agresivita, Wikiskripta.eu, 2010–2011
  12. ^ Petr Weiss: Klasifikace sexuálních deviací, Společnost pro plánování rodiny a sexuální výchovu, sborník z kongresu Pardubice 2007
  13. ^ Aleš Kolářský: Jak porozumět sexuálním deviacím : Teoretická východiska sexodiagnostiky – cesta k tvorbě náhledu a k realizaci esxuality v mezích zákona, Galén, Praha, 2008, ISBN 978-80-7262-504-8