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Rattan Bai (Marathi: रत्तन बाई) (born c.1899)who is the ancestress of several Bollywood film stars. She was the mother of actress Shobhna Samarth and thus the grandmother of actresses Nutan and Tanuja. Also, the actress Nalini Jaywant was Rattan Bai's niece.
Early life 
Born into a family of professional entertainers hailing from the Deccan region of India, Rattan Bai received lessons in music and dance from an early age. She became a professional entertainer while in her teens. In due course, her mother searched a suitable husband for Rattan Bai. This was a rich Mumbai banker named P. S. Shilotri. The marriage lasted several years and Shilotri was the father of Rattan Bai's famous daughter, Saroj (who later took the screen name Shobhna Samarth).
Film career 
After the first Indian "talkie" film was released in 1931, the ability to sing became a major qualification when selecting actors for movies. In this era, the women were apprehensive of appearing on stage or in films. Thus, women who were willing and able to work in films were a rarity.
Rattan Bai was a fairly talented singer who wrote bhajans, composed and sang them. She published the lyrics of her Bhajans to distribute among friends who would sing with her during Mahashivratri celebrations at her home in Chembur, Mumbai. She made her film debut with Yahudi ki ladki (1933; not to be confused with the bigger hit Yahudi ki beti of 1956). She played the female lead opposite singing star Kundan Lal Saigal. Between 1933 and 1945, Rattan Bai featured in 12 films.
Rattan Bai was already in her thrities when she made her film debut in 1933. Her teenage daughter Shobhna became interested in films and made her own debut in 1935. In 1941, Rattan Bai's brother's daughter Nalini Jaywant also made her film debut. Later, both of Shobhna's daughters, Nutan and Tanuja, became celebrated actresses, and Tanuja married Shomu Mukherjee, a writer & film producer. In the next generation, Nutan's son Mohnish and Tanuja's daughter Kajol became film stars, and Kajol is married to the film star Ajay Devgan.
Thus, while her own film career was hardly scintillating, Rattan Bai was to be known as the matriarch of a large and celebrated film family which includes Shobhna Samarth, Nalini Jaywant, Nutan, Tanuja, Mohnish Behl, Kajol, as also Shomu Mukherjee (husband of Tanuja) and Ajay Devgan (husband of Kajol).
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