Nutan

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Nutan
Nutan in Hrishikesh Mukherjee's Anari (1959) film.jpg
Nutan in Hrishikesh Mukherjee's Anari (1959)
Born Nutan Samarth
(1936-06-04)4 June 1936
Bombay, Bombay Presidency, India
Died 21 February 1991(1991-02-21) (aged 54)
India
Years active 1950–1991
Spouse(s) Rajnish Bahl (1959–1991) (her death)
Children Mohnish Bahl

Nutan Samarth Behl (4 June 1936 – 21 February 1991), better known as Nutan, was an Indian actress. She appeared in more than 70 Hindi films in a career spanning over four decades. Regarded as one of the finest female actors in the history of Hindi cinema,[1][2] Nutan was noted for playing unconventional parts, and her performances often received praise and accolades.[3]

Nutan started her career at the age of 14 in the 1950 film Hamari Beti, directed by her mother Shobhna Samarth. She subsequently starred in such films as Nagina and Humlog (both 1951). Her role in Seema (1955) garnered her wider recognition and a Filmfare Award for Best Actress. She continued playing leading roles through the 1960s until the late 1970s and went on win the award on four other occasions for her roles in Sujata (1959), Bandini (1963), Milan (1967) and Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978). Some of her other films of this period include Sone Ki Chidiya (1958), Anari (1959), Chhalia (1960), Tere Ghar Ke Saamne (1963), Saraswatichandra (1968), Anuraag (1972) and Saudagar (1973).

In the 1980s, Nutan started playing character roles and continued working until shortly before her death. She portrayed mostly motherly roles in such films as Saajan Ki Saheli (1981), Meri Jung (1985) and Naam (1986). Her performance in Meri Jung earned her a sixth and last Filmfare Award, this time in the Best Supporting Actress category. Nutan holds the record of five wins of the Best Actress Award at Filmfare, which was held only by her for over 30 years until it was matched by her niece Kajol in 2011; she is overall the most-awarded actress in the female acting categories at Filmfare, with six awards alongside Jaya Bachchan.[4]In 1974, she was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

Nutan was married to Rajnish Behl from 1959 till her death of cancer in 1991. Their son, Mohnish Behl is a character actor in Hindi films and television.

Early life[edit]

Nutan was born into a Marathi family of four children as Nutan Samarth to director-poet Kumarsen Samarth and his actress wife Shobhna Samarth.[5] Nutan was the eldest child of actress Shobhna Samarth. She had three other siblings, 2 younger sisters and a younger brother. Her younger sister Tanuja is also an actress, and Chatura, who did not work in Bollywood. Her parents separated when she was still a child. Kajol, Tanuja's daughter, is an actress.

Career[edit]

Nutan is related to many of the screen stars of the past fifty years (see Mukherjee-Samarth family (film)).

She started her career as actress as a fourteen-year-old in Hamari Beti (1950). This film was produced by her mother, Shobhana. In 1952 she was the winner of Miss India.

Her first big break was Seema, for which she won her first Filmfare Best Actress Award. She followed her success with a romantic comedy, Paying Guest, in which she co-starred with Dev Anand. In 1959 she starred in two hit films, Anari (with Raj Kapoor) and Bimal Roy's Sujata (with Sunil Dutt). In the 1960s and 1970s she had many more successful films including Chhalia (1960), Saraswatichandra (1968), Devi (1970) and Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978).

In 1960 she starred opposite Raj Kapoor once again in Manmohan Desai's Chhalia. She received another Filmfare nomination for the role. In a film review at the time, Filmfare wrote, "As the unfortunate girl disowned by her relatives for no fault of hers, Nutan puts over a superb and memorable portrayal."[6]

She formed a popular screen couple with co-star Dev Anand and the two acted in four films together - Paying Guest (1957), Baarish (1957), Manzil (1960) and Tere Ghar Ke Samne (1963).

In 1963, Nutan starred in Bimal Roy's socio-realist Bandini as Kalyani, a young prisoner who was convicted after poisoning the wife of her lover (Ashok Kumar). The story follows her life in prison and how later she has to make a choice between her past love and a young prison doctor (Dharmendra) who fell in love with her. Nutan had to be persuated to act in the film as she had quit acting post marriage.[7] Bandini was a major critical success, which was attributed by critics mostly to Nutan's portrayal, which regarded as one of the finest performances in the history of Hindi cinema.[8] The film won the Filmfare Award for Best Movie and she received her third Best Actress Award. The Bengal Film Journalists' Association, while ranking the film as the third-best Indian film of the year, acknowledged her with the Best Actress (Hindi section) award.[9] Author and critic Dinesh Raheja wrote, "Sans screaming hysteria-nics, Nutan puts across one of the finest performances seen on Hindi screen. She recognised and was perfectly in tandem with Kalyani's innate strength of character."[10] Film and theatre critic Gautaman Bhaskaran wrote for The Hindu, "Nutan as Kalyani gave perhaps her career's best performance. Splendidly expressive, her understated role is something that cannot be easily matched by today's painted heroines. Fear and anger show up so lividly in Nutan's eyes that they haunt you long after you have walked out of the theatre."[11] In 2010, Filmfare included her performance in its "80 Iconic Performances" list.[12] Anupama Chopra included the film in her list of "The 20 Best Hindi Films Ever Made", calling her role "one of Hindi cinema’s most complex and fully realized female characters," and further noting, "This was the role of a lifetime and Nutan, who ... gave it all. Her face raged with a grand passion and a quiet grace."[13]

Her fourth Filmfare Award came for Milan (1967). She starred opposite Amitabh Bachchan in 1973's Saudagar (1973), for which she received a sixth Filmfare nomination and a third BFJA award. In 1978, she made an astonishing return to the screen as the righteous Sanjukta Chauhan in Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978). For this performance, she received an eighth Filmfare career nomination and won her fifth Filmfare best actress award, at the age of 42. She thus became a record holder in the category, having won five award for Best Actress at Filmfare. At age 42, she is also the oldest winner of the award. Nutan was perhaps the only actress of her generation to command leading roles in her 40s, with tremendous success. Following this, she starred in Saajan ki Saheli (1981), as an ignorant, jealous wife to a husband who knowingly befriends the daughter she abandoned at childbirth.

In the remaining 1980s she played roles in blockbuster films such as Meri Jung (1985), Naam (1986) and Karma (1986). Karma was notable for being the first time she was paired with actor Dilip Kumar. For Mere Jung she won a Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. Her last film released while she was alive was Kanoon Apna Apna in 1989. She died in 1991 of cancer. Two of her films Naseebwala (1992) and Insaniyat (1994) were released after her death.

Legacy[edit]

Nutan was noted for her willingness to play unconventional roles and several of her roles were labelled "path-breaking". M.L. Dhawan from The Tribune wrote, "When squeakers and screamers ruled the roost, Nutan fine-tuned her dialogue delivery with an evocative voice. A natural throw was the hallmark of Nutan’s dialogue delivery. She was low key and mellow as she was peppery and sarcastic and yet made a strong impact." According to Dhawan, "a fleeting expression on her face conveyed much more than dialogue," and he further noted her for accepting only roles in which "she either played the main part or at least shared equal footing with the male counterpart."[3][14]

According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, Nutan "developed a natural acting style under Bimal Roy's direction."[15]

Actresses like Sadhana and Smita Patil noted Nutan as their influence.[16] Sadhana was once quoted as saying, "If there was any actress I modelled myself in the lines of it was the versatile Nutan in Seema, Sujata and Bandini. Parakh was a film where I really followed Nutan."[17] Filmmaker Sanjay Leela Bhansali said of her, "They don't make actresses like her anymore."[18]

In 2011, Rediff.com listed her as the third-greatest actress of all-time.[19]

Nutan’s narrative is depicted in the book Nutan – Asen Mi Nasen Mi written by famous Marathi author Lalita Tamhane. The book can be summarized as one describing Nutan’s life experiences, interactions with co-actors/family/friends, etc., as told by her to Lalita Tamhane.

A postage stamp, bearing her photo, was released to honour her by India’s Minister of State for Communication and Information Technology in February 2011.

Personal life[edit]

On 11 October 1959, she married naval Lieutenant-Commander Rajnish Behl. Their son, Mohnish Behl, born in 1963, later entered films as well.

Nutan died in February 1991, of lung cancer, at the age of 54.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Civilian award[edit]

Filmfare Awards[edit]

Other Awards[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Character Notes
1950 Hamari Beti Daughter
1951 Nagina
1951 Humlog
1952 Shisham
1952 Parbat
1953 Laila Majnu Laila
1954 Shabaab
1955 Seema Gauri
1956 Heer Heer
1957 Baarish Chanda
Paying Guest Shanti
Zindagi Ya Toofan
1958 Chandan
Dilli Ka Thug
Kabhi Andhera Kabhi Ujala
Sone Ki Chidiya Lakshmi
Aakhri Daao
1959 Anari Aarti Sohanlal
Kanhaiya Shanno
Sujata Sujata
1960 Basant
Chhabili
Chhalia Shanti
Manzil Pushpa
1962 Soorat Aur Seerat
1963 Bandini Kalyani
Dil Hi To Hai Jameela
Tere Ghar Ke Samne Sulekha
1964 Chandi Ki Deewar
1965 Khandan Radha
Rishte Naate Savitri
1966 Chhota Bhai
Chilaka Gorinka Telugu film
Dil Ne Phir Yaad Kiya Ashoo, Shabnam
Kalapi
1967 Dulhan Ek Raat Ki Nirmala
Laat Saheb
Milan Radha
1968 Gauri Gauri
Saraswatichandra Kumud Sundari
1969 Bhai Bahen Mala
1970 Maa Aur Mamta Maya
Devi Devi
Maharaja
Yaadgaar Bhavna
1972 Anuraag Anu Rai
Grahan
1973 Saudagar Mahjubhi
1975 Jogidas Khuman
1978 Ek Baap Chhe Bete
Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki Sanjukta Chouhan
Saajan Bina Suhagan
1980 Saajan Ki Saheli Kunti Kumar
Kasturi
1982 Jiyo Aur Jeene Do
1983 Rishta Kagaz Ka Suman
1984 Yeh Kaisa Farz
1985 Yudh Savitri Devi
Paisa Yeh Paisa Laxmi
Meri Jung Aarti Deepak Verma
1986 Sajna Sath Nibhana Shobha Rana
Karma Mrs Vishwa Pratap Singh
Naam Jaanki Kapoor
1988 Main Tere Liye
1989 Kanoon Apna Apna Mrs. Singh
Mujrim Yashoda
1992 Naseebwala Sharda
1994 Insaniyat Shanti Devi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Sunday Tribune - Spectrum - Article". Tribuneindia.com. 26 May 2002. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  2. ^ "rediff.com, Movies: Forever Nutan". Rediff.com. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  3. ^ a b "The Sunday Tribune - Spectrum". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  4. ^ Nutan Upperstall.
  5. ^ "Legendary Actress". http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 
  6. ^ "From the FIlmfare files...reviews from the 1960s". Filmfare (January 2002). Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  7. ^ "Bandini: A Bimal Roy gem". Hindustan Times. 30 May 2003. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  8. ^ "Bollywood Divas". Hindustantimes.com. 4 June 1936. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  9. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". Web.archive.org. 8 January 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  10. ^ "rediff.com, Movies: Classics Revisited: Bandini". Rediff.com. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  11. ^ "A classic convict". The Hindu. 8 January 2000. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  12. ^ "80 Iconic Performances 7/10". Filmfare. 7 June 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  13. ^ Chopra, Anupama. "Top 20 Movie Reviews". NDTV. Retrieved 2011-09-23. 
  14. ^ Dhawan, M.L. (9 December 2007). "Queens of hearts". The Tribune. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  15. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica (India) Pvt. Ltd; Gulzar; Govind Nihalani; Saibal Chatterjee (2003). C Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7991-066-5. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "A rare resonance". Deccanherald.com. 19 February 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  17. ^ Das Gupta, Ranjan (5 September 2008). "Sadhna worked wonders". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  18. ^ Team, Hitlist (26 October 2009). "Sanjay Bhansali the movies i loved growing up". Mid-day.com. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  19. ^ Sen, Raja (29 June 2011). "Readers Choice: The Greatest Actresses of all time". Rediff.com. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  20. ^ Filmfare - the full coverage
  21. ^ [1][dead link]
  22. ^ [2][dead link]
  23. ^ "37th Annual BFJA Awards". BFJA. Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 2011-02-23. [dead link]

External links[edit]