Regionalliga Nord

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Regionalliga Nord
Regionalliga Nord
Country Germany
State
Confederation Northern German Football Association
Founded 1994 (reformed in 2012)
Number of teams 18
Level on pyramid Level 4
Promotion to 3. Liga
Relegation to
Current champions VfL Wolfsburg II
(2013–14)
2014–15 Regionalliga

The Regionalliga Nord (English: Regional League North) is the fourth tier of the German football league system in the states of Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, Bremen and Hamburg. It is one of five leagues at this level, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga Südwest and the Regionalliga West. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the third tier.

From 1963 to 1974, a Regionalliga Nord existed as the second tier of the German football league system, but this league is not directly related to the current one.

Overview[edit]

The Regionalliga Nord was introduced in 1994 along with three other Regionalligas, those being:

The reason for its introduction was to create a highest regional league for the north of Germany and to allow its champions, and some years the runners-up too, to be directly promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga. Previous to the introduction of the four Regionalligas, the leagues below the second division were the Oberligas, which there was ten of. Those ten Oberliga champions had to go through a promotion play-off rather than being directly promoted. The champions of the Regionalligas Nord and Nordost however had to play-off for a spot in the 2nd Bundesliga from 1996 to 2000. The winner of this contest was promoted, the loser faced the runners-ups of the Regionalligas Süd and West/Südwest for another spot in the second division.

The Regionalliga Nord was direct continuation of the Oberliga Nord, which was disbanded in 1994 in favour of the Regionalliga. Fourteen out of sixteen Oberliga Nord clubs qualified for the new league, only the bottom two teams were relegated to the two new Oberligas.

To replace the Oberliga Nord below the Regionalliga, two new leagues were formed, those being the Oberligas Niedersachsen/Bremen and Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein. This two leagues were in turn disbanded in 2004 when the Oberliga Nord was reformed.

In 2001, the 1. FC Union Berlin of this league became only the second Regionalliga side to reach a German Cup final, losing 2-0 to FC Schalke 04.

With the league changes in Germany in 2008, the Oberliga Nord was again disbanded and the level below the Regionalliga Nord in this region were the five Verbandligas. This required a promotion play-off for this league winners as there were not five promotion spots available for their region. No changes were made in the NOFV region were the two Oberligas Nord and Süd will remain.

The following four teams were promoted to the Regionalliga from 2009:

  • NOFV-Oberliga Nord champions
  • NOFV-Oberliga Süd champions
  • Lower Saxony champions, being the winner of the home-and-away series of the champions of the Oberliga Niedersachsen-West and Oberliga Niedersachsen-Ost
  • Winner of the promotion play-off for the champions of the Oberliga Hamburg, Bremen and Schleswig-Holstein

League history[edit]

Foundation of the Regionalliga Nord[edit]

Map of Germany:Position of the Regionalliga Nord (1994-2000) highlighted

The Regionalliga Nord was formed in 1994 with 18 clubs, fourteen from the Oberliga Nord and one each from the Verbandsligas of Niedersachsen, Bremen, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein.

The founding members were:

From the Oberliga Nord:

From the Verbandsliga Schleswig-Holstein:

From the Verbandsliga Hamburg:

From the Verbandsliga Bremen:

From the Verbandsliga Niedersachsen:

The "new" Regionalliga Nord was actually a reformation of the "old" Regionalliga Nord which operated from 1963 to 1974 in the same region but then as the second tier of German football. Unlike the "old" Regionalliga, the new one allowed reserve teams to compete in it.

Expansion of the league in 2000[edit]

Map of Germany:Position of the Regionalliga Nord (2000-2008) highlighted

After six seasons, in 2000, the number of Regionalligas was reduced from four to two. Only the Regionalligas Süd and Nord survived. The clubs of the other two were spread according to their geographical location.

Only the teams placed two to six were permitted to remain in the league. The league champion, VfL Osnabrück, was promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga and all clubs from place seven to eighteen were relegated to the Verbandsligas. The league was expanded to nineteen teams and fourteen clubs from the 2nd Bundesliga, Regionalliga West/Südwest and Regionalliga Nordost were admitted.

Relegated from the 2nd Bundesliga:

The league reform in 2008[edit]

Map of Germany:Position of the Regionalliga Nord highlighted

With the introduction of the 3rd Liga in 2008 and of a third Regionalliga, the Regionalliga West, the league became the fourth tier of German football.[1] The clubs from North Rhine-Westphalia left the league again and joined the new Regionalliga West.

The make up of the leagues was:

  • Winner and runners-up of the Regionalliga Nord qualified for the 2nd Bundesliga (unless they are reserve teams)
  • Clubs placed third to tenth went to the new 3rd Liga (only the two best placed reserve teams were admitted)
  • Clubs placed eleventh to eighteen remained in the Regionalligas (clubs from North Rhine-Westphalia left for the Regionalliga West)
  • The five best teams from the Oberliga Nord joined the Regionalliga. The sixth placed team played-off with the five Verbandsliga winners from this region for one more place in the Regionalliga.
  • The three best teams from the NOFV-Oberliga Nord and Süd each and a play-off winner of the two fourth placed teams.

The following 18 teams fulfilled the various qualification criteria and were granted a license for play in the new Regionalliga Nord for the 2008-09 season.[2]

From the NOFV-Oberliga Süd:

The league reform in 2012[edit]

The Fußball-Regionalligas from 2012 onwards.

In October 2010, another reform of the Regionalligas was decided upon. The number of leagues was now expanded to five, with the Nordost clubs to leave the Regionalliga Nord and form their own Regionalliga Nordost once more. The new system is came into operation at the start of the 2012-13 season. It was also decided to limit the number of reserve teams per Regionalliga to seven.[3]

Winners and runners-up of the Regionalliga Nord[edit]

The winners and runners-up of the league:

Season Winner Runner-Up
1994–95 VfB Lübeck VfL Osnabrück
1995–96 VfB Oldenburg Eintracht Braunschweig
1996–97 Hannover 96 Eintracht Braunschweig
1997–98 Hannover 96 Eintracht Braunschweig
1998–99 VfL Osnabrück VfB Lübeck
1999–2000 VfL Osnabrück VfB Lübeck
2000–01 1. FC Union Berlin SV Babelsberg 03
2001–02 VfB Lübeck Eintracht Braunschweig
2002–03 Erzgebirge Aue VfL Osnabrück
2003–04 Rot-Weiß Essen Dynamo Dresden
2004–05 Eintracht Braunschweig SC Paderborn 07
2005–06 Rot-Weiß Essen FC Carl Zeiss Jena
2006–07 FC St Pauli VfL Osnabrück
2007–08 Rot-Weiß Ahlen Rot-Weiß Oberhausen
2008–09 Holstein Kiel Hallescher FC
2009–10 SV Babelsberg 03 VfL Wolfsburg II
2010–11 Chemnitzer FC VfL Wolfsburg II
2011–12 Hallescher FC Holstein Kiel
2012–13 Holstein Kiel TSV Havelse
2013–14 VfL Wolfsburg II Werder Bremen II

Source: "Regionalliga Nord". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 

  • Promoted teams in bold.

League statistics[edit]

The top goal scorers and spectator statistics for the league are:

Season Overall
Spectators
Per game Best supported Club Spectators
/game
Top goal scorer[4] Goals
1994–95 492,629[5] 1,610 Eintracht Braunschweig 4,351 Christian Classen (SVW) 26
1995–96 438,798[6] 1,434 Eintracht Braunschweig 4,854 Hakan Cengiz (AD) 21
1996–97 587,484[7] 1,920 Hannover 96 9,789 Hakan Cengiz (VfLH) 28
1997–98 680,620[8] 2,224 Eintracht Braunschweig 9,181 Markus Erdmann (AH) 34
1998–99 642,357[9] 2,099 Eintracht Braunschweig 7,456 Daniel Bärwolf (VfB) 26
1999–2000 710,524[10] 2,322 VfL Osnabrück 9,347 Daniel Bärwolf (VfB)
Marinus Bester (LSK)
25
2000–01 1,108,917[11] 3,242 Eintracht Braunschweig 9,993 Daniel Teixeira (1. FCU) 32
2001–02 1,152,064[12] 3,764 Eintracht Braunschweig 11,921 Veselin Gerov (SCP)
Daniel Teixeira (EB)
19
2002–03 936,297[13] 3,060 Rot-Weiss Essen 9,482 Dmitrijus Guščinas (HK) 23
2003–04 1,472,089[14] 4,811 FC St. Pauli 17,335 Markus Feldhoff (KFC) 22
2004–05 1,547,950[15] 4,526 FC St. Pauli 16,144 Ahmet Kuru (EB) 24
2005–06 1,577,563[16] 4,613 FC St. Pauli 17,296 Thomas Reichenberger (VfL) 17
2006–07 1,823,720[17] 5,333 FC St. Pauli 16,775 Thomas Reichenberger (VfL)
Massimo Cannizzaro (HSV)
17
2007–08 1,863,662[18] 5,449 Eintracht Braunschweig 14,889 Mahir Saglik (WSV) 27
2008–09 529,200[19] 1,729 1. FC Magdeburg 8,626 Wojciech Pollok (SVW) 22
2009–10 373,460[20] 1,220 1. FC Magdeburg 5,491 Daniel Frahn (SVB) 29
2010–11 447,721[21] 1,463 1. FC Magdeburg 4,586 Benjamin Förster (CFC) 25
2011–12 530,449[22] 1,733 RB Leipzig 7,401 Daniel Frahn (RBL) 26
2012–13 234,898[23] 816 Holstein Kiel 3,628 Rogier Krohne (BVC) 24
2013–14 184,493[24] 603 SV Meppen 1,825 Addy-Waku Menga (VfB)[25] 25
League record

Placings in the Regionalliga Nord[edit]

Current extent of league[edit]

Final league positions for clubs from the region currently covered by the league:

Club 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15
Hannover 96 2B 2B 1 1 2B 2B 2B 2B B B B B B B B B B B B B B
Eintracht Braunschweig 6 2 2 2 3 3 8 2 2B 6 1 2B 2B 10 3L 3L 3L 2B 2B B 2B
FC St. Pauli 2B B B 2B 2B 2B 2B B 2B 8 7 6 1 2B 2B 2B B 2B 2B 2B 2B
VfL Osnabrück 2 5 4 3 1 1 2B 7 2 2B 4 10 2 2B 2B 3L 2B 3L 3L 3L 3L
Holstein Kiel 11 18 14 8 13 13 12 9 4 15 1 3L 6 2 1 3L 3L
VfL Wolfsburg II 17 19 5 2 2 4 3 1 x
SV Werder Bremen II 7 15 3 4 4 5 15 10 6 5 14 12 8 5 3L 3L 3L 3L 5 2 x
VfB Oldenburg 5 1 2B 5 9 18 10 3 x
SV Meppen 2B 2B 2B 2B 11 11 12 11 4 x
Goslarer SC 08 18 8 5 x
ETSV Weiche 7 6 x
TSV Havelse 15 5 2 7 x
Schwarz-Weiß Rehden 9 8 x
FC St. Pauli II 7 16 15 17 17 13 9 x
Eintracht Norderstedt 10 x
Hannover 96 II 6 8 9 6 4 11 x
BV Cloppenburg 17 10 7 RL 12 12 x
Eintracht Braunschweig II 16 13 x
Hamburger SV II 14 6 5 14 15 16 14 9 6 13 6 17 13 5 8 8 14 14 x
VfR Neumünster 18 6 15 x
Lüneburger SK Hansa x
VfB Lübeck 1 2B 2B 7 2 2 3 1 2B 2B 3 3 9 16 8 9 3 11 18i x
FT Braunschweig x
SV Wilhelmshaven 9 10 13 9 7 4 10b 19 11 14 13 13 16 16
SV Eichede 17
SC Victoria Hamburg 15 18
FC Oberneuland 9 16 17 17i
Kickers Emden 4 4 9 8 16 9 4 9 3L
FC Altona 93 15 16
Lüneburger SK 8 8 17 6 6 17
1. SC Göttingen 05 16 10 18 9
SV Arminia Hannover 6 13 10
1. SC Norderstedt 13 7 16 12 12
Eintracht Nordhorn 10 5 13
TuS Celle 13 3 6 12 6 14
FC Bremerhaven 17 17
VfL Herzlake 3 9 8 15 17
Sportfreunde Ricklingen 11 13 18
VfL Hamburg 93 12 16 11f
Atlas Delmenhorst 14 12 17
Concordia Hamburg 15 12 14
SV Lurup 10 11 18
TuS Hoisdorf 18

Former extent of league[edit]

Final league positions for clubs from the regions formerly covered by the league:

Club 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15
SC Paderborn 07 RL RL RL RL RL RL 14 8 3 2 2B 2B 2B 3L 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B B
Fortuna Düsseldorf 2B B B 2B 2B RL 16 17 8 5 10 3 3L 2B 2B 2B B 2B 2B
1. FC Union Berlin RL RL RL RL RL RL 1 2B 2B 2B 19 12 4 3L 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
Erzgebirge Aue RL RL RL RL RL RL 7 9 1 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 3L 3L 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B
RB Leipzig 4 3 RL 3L 2B
Dynamo Dresden B RL RL RL RL RL 7 2 2B 2B 7 8 3L 3L 3L 2B 2B 2B 3L
Rot-Weiß Erfurt RL RL RL RL RL RL RL RL RL RL 2B 14 11 7 3L 3L 3L 3L 3L 3L 3L
Chemnitzer FC 2B 2B RL RL RL 2B 2B 6 11 11 15 19 7 3 1 3L 3L 3L 3L
Preußen Münster RL RL RL RL RL RL 5 15 12 13 11 15 RL RL RL 3L 3L 3L 3L
Borussia Dortmund II RL RL 18 5 10 16 14 13 RL 3L RL RL 3L 3L 3L
Hallescher FC 2 4 5 1 3L 3L 3L
Fortuna Köln 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 4 18 RL RL RL 3L
SV Babelsberg 03 RL RL RL 2 2B 16 15 3 1 3L 3L 3L RL RL
FC Carl Zeiss Jena RL 2B 2B 2B RL RL RL 2 2B 2B 3L 3L 3L 3L RL RL RL
Rot-Weiß Oberhausen RL RL RL 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 17 2 2B 2B 2B 3L RL RL RL
Berliner AK 07 7 RL RL RL
ZFC Meuselwitz 10 11 9 RL RL RL
VFC Plauen 14 7 14 10 RL RL RL
Hertha BSC Berlin II RL RL RL 13 7 18 13 12 11 7 14 RL RL RL
Germania Halberstadt 16 RL RL RL
1. FC Magdeburg RL RL RL 12a 3 11 4 6 12 18 RL RL RL
SC Verl RL RL RL RL RL RL 6 11 15 18 RL RL RL RL RL RL RL
Borussia Mönchengladbach II 16 RL RL RL RL RL RL RL
1. FC Köln II 9 14 12 18 RL RL RL RL RL RL RL
FC Schalke 04 II 16 RL RL RL RL RL RL RL
Rot-Weiß Essen RL RL 2B RL RL 13 3 3 1 2B 1 2B 12 RL RL RL RL RL RL
KFC Uerdingen B B 2B 2B 2B RL 12 5 10 7 10e RL RL
SG Wattenscheid 09 2B 2B RL 2B 2B RL 11 4 4 15 16 RL RL
Bayer Leverkusen II RL RL 8 17 11 17 RL RL RL RL RL RL
Energie Cottbus II 14 18 10 15 RL
Wuppertaler SV RL RL RL RL RL 4 5 8 5 6 3L 3L RL RL RL
Türkiyemspor Berlin 15c 13 18
Rot-Weiß Ahlen RL RL RL RL 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 2B 13 1 2B 2B 3L
Arminia Bielefeld II 18 RL
Hansa Rostock II 10 12h
Tennis Borussia Berlin RL RL RL RL 2B 2B 19 15g
FC Sachsen Leipzig RL RL RL RL RL RL 14d 17 17
Dresdner SC RL RL 9 16 18

Source: "Regionalliga Nord". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 

Key[edit]

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
2B 2nd Bundesliga
3L 3rd Liga
1 League champions
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league
RL Played in one of the other Regionalligas
Denotes club from North Rhine-Westphalia which were not part of the league anymore after 2008.
Denotes club from the Nordost region which were not part of the league anymore after 2012.

Notes[edit]

a In 2002, 1. FC Magdeburg were refused a licence for the Regionalliga.
b In 2001, SV Wilhelmshaven was refused a licence for the Regionalliga.
c In 2009, Türkiyemspor Berlin avoided relegation after Kickers Emden withdrew from the 3. Liga.
d In 2001, FC Sachsen Leipzig was refused a licence for the Regionalliga.
e In 2005, KFC Uerdingen were refused a licence for the Regionalliga.
f In 1998, VfL Hamburg 93 withdrew their team from the league.
g Tennis Borussia Berlin declared insolvency on 21 May 2010 and was automatically relegated.
h Hansa Rostock II withdrew from the league in 2010 for financial reasons.
i VfB Lübeck and FC Oberneuland declared insolvency in 2013 and were relegated from the league.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official DFB article on the 3rd Liga and Regionalliga". DFB. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  2. ^ Regionalliga Nord 2008/2009 > 1. Spieltag
  3. ^ DFB-Bundestag beschließt Reform der Spielklassen DFB website, published: 22 October 2010, accessed: 28 October 2010
  4. ^ Torschützenkönige (Top goal scorers) Regionalliga Nord (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 31 October 2010
  5. ^ Die Regionalligen 1994/95, publisher: DSFS, page: 28, published: 1995, accessed: 31 October 2010
  6. ^ Die Regionalligen 1995/96, publisher: DSFS, page: 35, published: 1996, accessed: 31 October 2010
  7. ^ Die Regionalligen 1996/97, publisher: DSFS, page: 38, published: 1997, accessed: 31 October 2010
  8. ^ Saison-Statitik 1997/98, publisher: DSFS, page: 9, published: 1998, accessed: 31 October 2010
  9. ^ Saison-Statitik 1998/99, publisher: DSFS, page: 9, published: 1999, accessed: 31 October 2010
  10. ^ Die Regionalligen 1999/2000, publisher: DSFS, page: 54, published: 2000, accessed: 31 October 2010
  11. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen 2000/2001, publisher: DSFS, page: 182, published: 2001, accessed: 31 October 2010
  12. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen 2001/2002, publisher: DSFS, page: 178, published: 2002, accessed: 31 October 2010
  13. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen 2002/2003, publisher: DSFS, page: 180, published: 2003, accessed: 31 October 2010
  14. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen 2003/2004, publisher: DSFS, page: 178, published: 2004, accessed: 31 October 2010
  15. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen 2004/2005, publisher: DSFS, page: 180, published: 2005, accessed: 31 October 2010
  16. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen 2005/2006, publisher: DSFS, page: 142, published: 2006, accessed: 31 October 2010
  17. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen 2006/2007, publisher: DSFS, page: 142, published: 2007, accessed: 31 October 2010
  18. ^ Deutschlands Fussball in Zahlen 2007/2008, publisher: DSFS, page: 142, published: 2008, accessed: 31 October 2010
  19. ^ Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga Nord 2008-09 (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 31 October 2010
  20. ^ Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga Nord 2009-10 (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 31 October 2010
  21. ^ Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga Nord 2010-11 (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 16 June 2011
  22. ^ Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga Nord 2011-12 (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 26 May 2012
  23. ^ Zuschauertabele (Spectator figures) Regionalliga Nord 2012-13 (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 27 May 2013
  24. ^ Regionalliga Nord 2013/2014 .:. Zuschauer .:. Heimspiele (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 22 May 2014
  25. ^ Regionalliga Nord 2013/2014 » Torschützenliste (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 22 May 2014

Sources[edit]

  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]