Religious architecture in Novi Sad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Religious architecture in Novi Sad is very diverse. Majority of the believers in Novi Sad are from Serbian Orthodox Church, while others are from Roman Catholic Church, many Protestant churches, and Jewish community. Stari Grad is the place with the majority of churches and temples, and they are all built in the 18th and 19th century.

The oldest religious building in the city was Orthodox church dedicated to Saint John. This church was built in 1700, but was burned in the 1848–49 revolution. It was rebuilt in 1853, but was razed in 1921.

Orthodox churches[edit]

The main Orthodox church in the City is The Orthodox Cathedral of Saint George (Saborna Crkva svetog Đorđa), built in 1742, it is next to the Bishop’s Palace, the seat of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Bačka. In city centre there are also the Church of Holy Dormition (Uspenska crkva), built in 1736, Almaš Church (Almaška crkva) in Almaški Kraj, built in 1797 and Russian Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas (Nikolajevska crkva), built in 1730. There is also Church of Presentation (Vavedenjska crkva) in Petrovaradin, as well as an Orthodox church in Sremska Kamenica, built in 1737–1758.

In the 1990s, at end of the state socialist period in Serbia, numerous new Serbian Orthodox churches were built in Novi Sad's neighbourhoods: in Klisa, Telep, Novo Naselje, Detelinara, Petrovaradin, Paragovo, and Veternik. These new churches are all built in Neo-Byzantine architecture, which is more Balkanic architecture and very different from the older Orthodox churches in the city, which are of a more Central Europe-type architecture.

Kovilj Monastery is the only Orthodox monastery in the municipal area of Novi Sad. It is located near the village of Kovilj. It was reconstructed in 1705–07 and according to the legend, the monastery was founded by the first Serb archbishop Saint Sava in the 13th century.

Roman Catholic churches[edit]

Although Roman Catholic churches and worshippers are a minority in the city, for historical reasons, The Name of Mary Church (Crkva imena Marijinog) dominates city centre and it is one of the most recognised structures in Novi Sad. Built in Gothic Revival architecture, in 1895 on the site of an older church, which was burnt down, it is the tallest temple in the Bačka region. There are also two more Roman Catholic churches in the city, one in Telep and one in Grbavica (in Futoška street). There are also three Catholic churches in Petrovaradin and one in Sremska Kamenica (built in 1746), as well as a Franciscan monastery in Petrovaradin (1701–1714). Tekije Church in Petrovaradin, built in 1881, is used by all 3 Christian communities in the city: Orthodox, Protestant, and Catholic. There was also one Armenian church, which was built in 1746 and collapsed in 1965.

Protestant churches[edit]

Rotkvarija neighborhood is home to the Slovak evangelical church, built in 1886, conducting services predominantly in Slovak language (occasionally in Serbian and German) and two Reformist churches, on in city Center, built in 1865, and another one in Telep, both having services performed in Hungarian language. There are also many smaller temples of Baptist, Methodist, Adventist, Pentecostal and other Protestant communities. In most Protestant churches in Novi Sad, services are performed in Serbian language. [1]

Uniate churches[edit]

Greek Catholic church, built in 1822 and used by Rusyn ethnic community, is situated in Stari Grad.

Jewish and Muslim religious buildings[edit]

The Novi Sad Synagogue was built in 1905 in Art Nouveau architecture. Today, the temple is not used for religious ceremonies, but it is one of the most important cultural institutions in the city. There is also a mosque located in Futoška street.

Latter-day Saints[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Milorad Grujić, Vodič kroz Novi Sad i okolinu, Novi Sad, 2004.
  • Jovan Mirosavljević, Novi Sad – atlas ulica, Novi Sad, 1998.
  • Zoran Rapajić, Novi Sad bez tajni, Beograd, 2002.
  • Novi Sad 2004, Sekretarijat za informacije skupštine Grada Novog Sada, Novi Sad, 2004.

External links[edit]