Danube Banovina

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Danube Banovina
Дунавска бановина
Dunavska banovina
Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia

1929–1941
 

 

 

Location of Danube Banovina
The Danube Banovina in 1941.
Capital Novi Sad
(1929–1941)

Smederevo
(1941)[1]
History
 -  Established 3 October 1929
 -  Disestablished 17 April 1941
Today part of Serbia, Croatia
Map of Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Danube Banovina is #7)

The Danube Banovina or Danube Banate (Serbo-Croatian: Дунавска бановина; Dunavska banovina), was a banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. This province consisted of the geographical regions of Srem, Bačka, Banat, Baranja, Šumadija, and Braničevo. The capital city of the Danube Banovina was Novi Sad. The province was named after the Danube River.

Banovina palace was the administrative seat of Banate. Today it houses the government and parliament of AP Vojvodina

Population[edit]

According to 1931 census, the Danube Banovina had 2,387,495 inhabitants. The population of this region was composed of:

Borders[edit]

According to the 1931 Constitution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia,

  • The Danube Banovina is bounded on the south-west by the boundaries ... of the Sava and Drina Banovinas, on the north and north-east by the State frontiers with Hungary and Romania, up to the point where the latter frontier meets the Danube. The boundary then follows the course of the Danube up to the eastern boundary of the district of Ram and then turns along the south-eastern boundary of the Požarevac district. It then follows the eastern boundaries of the districts of Morava, Lepenica, Kragujevac, and Gruža, as far as the Dulenski Crni Vrh (hill 919), turning towards the Gledic Mountains and thence over the Krečane (hill 760) and Brzak (hill 822) up to the boundary of the Drina Banovina on Mount Kotlenik, near Crni Vrh (hill 768).

History[edit]

Danube Banovina in 1931.
Danube Banovina after Axis invasion.

In 1931, Mitrovica and Šid districts were transferred from Drina Banovina to Danube Banovina.

In 1939, when the new Banovina of Croatia was formed, Šid and Ilok districts were transferred from the Danube Banovina to Banovina of Croatia.

In 1941, the World War II Axis Powers occupied the Danube Banovina. Bačka and Baranja regions were attached to Hungary, while Syrmia was attached to the Independent State of Croatia. The remainder of the former Danube Banovina (including Banat, Šumadija, and Braničevo) existed as part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia. However, Banat was a separate autonomous region ruled by its German minority.

The region was restored in 1945 as a province of Serbia within a federal Socialist Yugoslavia. Instead of the name Danube Banovina, the province officially gained its historical name of Vojvodina, with capital at Novi Sad. The new province consisted of Syrmia, Banat and Bačka regions. Baranja was included into the People's Republic of Croatia, while Šumadija and Braničevo were included into Serbia Proper.

Cities[edit]

Some large cities of the Danube Banovina were:

Bans of Danube Banovina (1929–1941)[edit]

References and further reading[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.jasatomic.org/monografija/

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 45°20′00″N 19°51′00″E / 45.3333°N 19.8500°E / 45.3333; 19.8500