|Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia|
|Capital||Novi Sad (1929-1941), Smederevo (1941)|
|Today part of||Serbia, Croatia|
The Danube Banovina or Danube Banate (Serbian: Dunavska banovina (Дунавска бановина); Croatian: Dunavska banovina; Hungarian: Dunai Bánság; German: Donau-Banschaft) was a banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. This province consisted of the geographical regions of Syrmia, Bačka, Banat, Baranja, Šumadija, and Braničevo. The capital city of the Danube Banovina was Novi Sad. The province was named after the Danube River.
According to 1931 census, the Danube Banovina had 2,387,495 inhabitants. The population of this region was composed of:
According to the 1931 Constitution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia,
- The Danube Banovina is bounded on the south-west by the boundaries ... of the Sava and Drina Banovinas, on the north and north-east by the State frontiers with Hungary and Romania, up to the point where the latter frontier meets the Danube. The boundary then follows the course of the Danube up to the eastern boundary of the district of Ram and then turns along the south-eastern boundary of the Požarevac district. It then follows the eastern boundaries of the districts of Morava, Lepenica, Kragujevac, and Gruža, as far as the Dulenski Crni Vrh (hill 919), turning towards the Gledic Mountains and thence over the Krečane (hill 760) and Brzak (hill 822) up to the boundary of the Drina Banovina on Mount Kotlenik, near Crni Vrh (hill 768).
In 1941, the World War II Axis Powers occupied the Danube Banovina. Bačka and Baranja regions were attached to Hungary, while Syrmia was attached to the Independent State of Croatia. The remainder of the former Danube Banovina (including Banat, Šumadija, and Braničevo) existed as part of the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia. However, Banat was a separate autonomous region ruled by its German minority.
The region was restored in 1945 as a province of Serbia within a federal Socialist Yugoslavia. Instead of the name Danube Banovina, the province officially gained its historical name of Vojvodina, with capital at Novi Sad. The new province consisted of Syrmia, Banat and Bačka regions. Baranja was included into the People's Republic of Croatia, while Šumadija and Braničevo were included into Serbia Proper.
Some large cities of the Danube Banovina were:
- Novi Sad
- Petrovgrad (now Zrenjanin)
- Velika Kikinda (now Kikinda)
- Mitrovica (now Sremska Mitrovica)
Bans of Danube Banovina (1929–1941)
- Daka Popović (1929–1930)
- Radoslav Dunjić (1930)
- Svetomir Matić (1930–1931)
- Milan Nikolić (1931–1933)
- Dobrica Matković (1933–1935)
- Milojko Vasović (1935)
- Svetislav Paunović (1935–1936)
- Svetislav Rajić (1936–1939)
- Jovan Radivojević (1939–1940)
- Branko Kijurina (1940–1941)
- Milorad Vlaškalin (1941)
References and further reading
- "Dunavska banovina", Enciklopedija Novog Sada, sveska 7, urednik Dr Dušan Popov, Novi Sad, 1996.
- The Constitution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
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