A report or account is any informational work (usually of writing, speech, television, or film) made with the specific intention of relaying information or recounting certain events in a widely presentable form.
Written reports are documents which present focused, salient content to a specific audience. Reports are often used to display the result of an experiment, investigation, or inquiry. The audience may be public or private, an individual or the public in general. Reports are used in government, business, education, science, and other fields.
Reports use features such as graphics, images, voice, or specialized vocabulary in order to persuade that specific audience to undertake an action. One of the most common formats for presenting reports is IMRAD: Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. This structure is standard for the genre because it mirrors the traditional publication of scientific research and summons the ethos and credibility of that discipline. Reports are not required to follow this pattern, and may use alternative patterns like the problem-solution format.
Additional elements often used to persuade readers include: headings to indicate topics, to more complex formats including charts, tables, figures, pictures, tables of contents, abstracts,and nouns summaries, appendices, footnotes, hyperlinks, and references.
Some examples of reports are: scientific reports, recommendation reports, white papers, annual reports, auditor's reports, workplace reports, census reports, trip reports, progress reports, investigative reports, budget reports, policy reports, demographic reports, credit reports, appraisal reports, inspection reports, military reports, bound reports, etc.
Reports are very important in all their various forms along with the usual evidences like in a crimes scene people usually leave behind evidences. They fill a vast array of critical needs for many of society's important organizations. Police reports are extremely important to society for a number of reasons. They help to prosecute criminals while also helping the innocent become free. Reports are a very useful method for keeping track of important information. The information contained in reports can be used to make very important decisions that affect our lives daily.
- Reporting (disambiguation)
- Customer relationship management
- Data quality
- Enterprise application integration
- Enterprise resource planning
- Decision support system
- Global Reporting Initiative
- Management information system
- Grey Literature International Steering Committee – International guidelines for the production of scientific and technical reports
Reports or an explanation about them:
- Geopolicity - Publications (Iraq 2013 Health Care Sector Outlook, UAE
2013 Real Estate, New Silk Road) http://geopolicity.com/publications/
- Link, Morton and Hill, Winfrey (1970). Hill-Link Minority Report of
the Presidential Commission on Obscenity and Pornography. Random House.
- United States Immigration Commission (1933). Abstracts Of Reports Of
The Immigration Commission, With Conclusions And Recommendations And Views Of The Minority. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4366-1613-1.
The process of writing reports:
- Blicq, Ronald (2003). "Technically-Write!". Prentice
Hall. ISBN 0-13-114878-8.
- Gerson, Sharon and Gerson, Steven (2005). Technical Writing: Process
and Product. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-119664-2.
- Lannon, John (2007). Technical Communication. Longman. ISBN 0-205-55957-3.
- Grey Literature International Steering Committee (GLISC), Guidelines for the production of scientific and technical reports: how to write and distribute grey literature, Version 1.1