Richmal Crompton

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Richmal Crompton Lamburn
Richmal Crompton.jpg
Richmal Crompton Lamburn, pictured on the cover of her biography
Born (1890-11-15)15 November 1890
Bury, Lancashire, England
Died 11 January 1969(1969-01-11) (aged 78)
Chislehurst, Bromley, London
Pen name Richmal Crompton
Occupation Teacher, novelist, short story writer
Nationality English
Period 1919 to 1969
Genre Children's literature, novels, short stories
Notable works Just William

Richmal Crompton Lamburn (15 November 1890 – 11 January 1969) was initially trained as a schoolmistress but later became a popular English writer, best known for her Just William series of books, humorous short stories, and to a lesser extent adult fiction books.

Life[edit]

Richmal Crompton Lamburn was born in Bury, Lancashire, the second child of the Rev. Edward John Sewell Lamburn, a Classics master at Bury Grammar School and his wife Clara (née Crompton). Her brother, John Battersby Crompton Lamburn, also became a writer, remembered under the name John Lambourne for his fantasy novel The Kingdom That Was (1931) and under the name "John Crompton" for his books on natural history.

Richmal Crompton attended St Elphin's Boarding School for the daughters of the clergy, originally based in Warrington, Lancashire. She later moved with the school to a new location in Darley Dale, near Matlock, Derbyshire in 1904. In order to further her chosen career as a schoolteacher, she won a scholarship to Royal Holloway College, part of the University of London in Englefield Green, Surrey. Crompton graduated in 1914 with a BA honours degree in Classics (II class). She took part in the Women's Suffrage movement.

In 1914, she returned to St Elphin’s as a Classics mistress and later, at age 27, moved to Bromley High School in southeast London where she began her writing in earnest. Cadogan (1993) shows that she was an excellent and committed teacher at both schools. Having contracted poliomyelitis, she was left without the use of her right leg in 1923. She gave up her teaching career and began to write full-time. Later in her forties, she suffered from breast cancer and had a mastectomy.

She never married and had no children although she was aunt and great-aunt to other members of her family, including the actor Jonathan Massey. Her William stories and her other literature were extremely successful and, three years after she retired from teaching, Crompton was able to afford to have a house (The Glebe) built in Bromley Common for herself and her mother, Clara.

In spite of her disabilities, during the Second World War she volunteered for the Fire Service. She died in 1969 at her home in Chislehurst, London Borough of Bromley.

Work[edit]

Just William cover.jpg

Crompton's best known books are the William stories, about a mischievous 11-year-old schoolboy and his band of friends, known as "The Outlaws". Her first short story featuring William to be published was "Rice Mould Pudding", published in Home Magazine in 1919. (She had written "The Outlaws" in 1917, but it was not published until later.) In 1922, the first collection, entitled Just William, was published. She wrote 38 other William books throughout her life. The last, William the Lawless, was published posthumously in 1970.

The William books sold over twelve million copies in the United Kingdom alone.[1] They have been adapted for films, stage-plays, and numerous radio and television series. Illustrations by Thomas Henry contributed to their success.

Crompton saw her real work as writing adult fiction. Starting with The Innermost Room (1923), she wrote 41 novels for adults and published nine collections of short stories. Their focus was generally Edwardian middle class life; after the Second World War, such literature had an increasingly limited appeal.

Even William was originally created for a grown-up audience, as she saw Just William as a potboiler (Cadogan, 1993). She was pleased by its success, but seemed frustrated that her other novels and short stories did not receive the same recognition. Her first published tale was published in The Girl's Own Paper in 1918, concerning a little boy named Thomas, a forerunner of William who reacts against authority. Crompton tried several times to reformulate William for other audiences. Jimmy (1949) was aimed at younger children, and Enter - Patricia (1927) at girls. Crompton wrote two more Jimmy books, but no more Patricia, and neither was as successful as William.

According to the actor John Teed, whose family lived next door to Crompton, the model for William was Crompton's nephew Tommy.

"As a boy I knew Miss Richmal Crompton Lamburn well. She lived quietly with her mother in Cherry Orchard Road, Bromley Common. My family lived next door. In those days it was a small rural village. Miss Lamburn was a delightful unassuming young woman and I used to play with her young nephew Tommy. He used to get up to all sorts of tricks and he was always presumed to be the inspiration for William by all of us. Having contracted polio she was severely crippled and confined to a wheelchair. Owing to her restricted movements she took her setting from her immediate surroundings which contained many of the features described, such as unspoilt woods and wide streams and Biggin Hill Aerodrome, very active in the Twenties."

Crompton's fiction centres around family and social life, dwelling on the constraints that they place on individuals while also nurturing them. This is best seen in her depiction of children as puzzled onlookers of society's ways. Nevertheless, the children, particularly William and his Outlaws, almost always emerge triumphant.

The William books have been translated into nine languages and have been sold all over the world.

List of published works[edit]

The publication dates are for the UK.

Just William short story collections[edit]

Just William plays[edit]

  • William and the Artist's Model, 1956
  • William the Terrible, BBC Radio Plays volume 1, 2008, published by David Schutte
  • William the Lionheart, BBC Radio Plays volume 2, 2008, published by David Schutte
  • William the Peacemaker, BBC Radio Plays volume 3, 2009, published by David Schutte
  • William the Avenger, BBC Radio Plays volume 4, 2009, published by David Schutte
  • William the Smuggler, BBC Radio Plays volume 5, 2010, published by David Schutte
  • William's Secret Society, BBC Radio Plays volume 6, 2010, published by David Schutte

William-like books[edit]

Others[edit]

Legacy[edit]

Richmal Crompton's archives are held at Roehampton University, London.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greenway, Betty (January 2002). "William Forever: Richmal Crompton's Unusual Achievement" (– Scholar search). The Lion and the Unicorn 26 (1): 98–111. doi:10.1353/uni.2002.0004. [dead link]

External links[edit]