|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2011)|
The Yealm is a river in Devon in England that rises 1,411 feet above sea level on the Stall Moor mires of south Dartmoor and travels 12 miles (19 km) to the sea, passing through Cornwood, Lee Mill and Yealmpton, a mid-sized village with a population of c.2,000 which is its largest settlement, before reaching its estuary which forms a ria bounded on its western side by Wembury. A deep inlet of this ria (submerged estuary formation) forms the waterfront to Newton Ferrers and Noss Mayo on its eastern side.
Neighbouring catchment areas
The River Yealm may have lost some of this stock of the most-eaten fish in the UK, but it has managed to retain other important species: it remains a key conservation area. The river acts as a bass hatchery. The Yealm is a Special Area of Conservation (SAC), and a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) chiefly for supporting many protected species.
The Yealm estuary has a large suitable oyster bed, a portion of which has long been in active use. The fertility of the foodstuff for oysters in estuaries relates to the environment given to this foodstuff, phytoplankton, which can double its numbers/mass every 24 hours with ideal freshwater and marine nutrients, but nude microscopic algae in some locations multiply so quickly they can exhaust all the available plant nutrients and they return to dormancy. Here, the River Yealm and its estuary incoming flows keep a well-matched balance, such that the freshwater and seawater mix is in approximately ideal proportions. Also the necessary phytoplankton are not all washed out to sea here at neap tides. Not all South Devon estuaries share these features: e.g. the large Kingsbridge Estuary beside Salcombe, receives too little fresh-water while others, like the Dart receive too much for ideal shellfish production rates.