Robert Coldwell Wood
|Robert Coldwell Wood|
|2nd United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development|
January 7, 1969 – January 20, 1969
|President||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Preceded by||Robert C. Weaver|
|Succeeded by||George W. Romney|
September 16, 1923|
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
|Died||April 1, 2005
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Byers Wood|
|Children||Frank Randolph Wood
Margaret Wood "Maggie" Hassan
|Parents||Thomas Frank Wood
Mary Bradshaw Wood
|Residence||Boston, Massachusetts, United States|
|Alma mater||Princeton University
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Robert Coldwell Wood (September 16, 1923 – April 1, 2005) was an American political scientist, administrator, and professor of political science at MIT. He led the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, the University of Massachusetts and the Boston Public Schools.
Early life and career
Wood was born on September 16, 1923 in St Louis, Missouri, the son of Mary (née Bradshaw) Wood and Thomas Frank Wood. He won a scholarship to Princeton University, interrupting his studies during the World War II, to served in the U.S. Army. Wood saw action during Battle of the Bulge, won a Bronze Star, and rose to the rank of sergeant. After graduating from Princeton University, Wood earned three degrees from Harvard: a master's in public administration and a master's and a doctorate in government.
Wood taught political science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1959 to 1965. From 1965 to 1969, Wood served as the Under Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
In 1968, Wood was awarded the Wiener Medal for Cybernetics from the American Society for Cybernetics, later that resignation of Robert C. Weaver, who was last year, and then later as the U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (for 13 days) in the cabinet of President Lyndon B. Johnson.[clarification needed] Here he was involved in implementing the Model Cities program in 1966 and the Fair Housing Act in 1968.
He returned to MIT to teach and to direct the Joint Center for Urban Studies at MIT and Harvard. At the same time, he led the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA). From 1970 to 1977 he served as president of the University of Massachusetts. While Wood served as president of the University of Massachusetts he led its expansion to include UMass Medical Center in Worcester and its Boston campus. He also played a key role in bringing the John F. Kennedy Library and Museum to its present site at Columbia Point, next to UMass-Boston. He also taught at Wesleyan University.
Wood was an outstanding academic practitioner. He applied his research expertise to critical policy issues at the national and state levels and was a true builder of public higher education in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. Though his major focus was on urban affairs and the design of cities, he also had a significant interest in the development of policies for science and technology and how those subjects affected American life.
Wood's best-known books are:
- 1958. Suburbia: Its People and Their Politics
- 1959. Metropolis against itself.
- 1961. 1400 governments; the political economy of the New York metropolitan region. With Vladimir V. Almendinger.
- 1972. The Necessary Majority: Middle America and the Urban Crisis
- 1993. Whatever Possessed the President? Academic Experts and Presidential Policy, 1960-88.
- 1995. Turnabout time : public higher education in the commonwealth. With Richard A. Hogarty and Aundrea E. Kelley.
- Professor, HUD chief Robert Wood dies. Sarah H. Wright, News Office. April 6, 2005. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- Professor, HUD chief Robert Wood dies. MIT April 6, 2005.
- An Inventory of His Personal Papers In the John F. Kennedy Library.
Robert C. Weaver
|United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
January 7 – January 20, 1969
George W. Romney