Robert Young (actor)

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Robert Young
Robert Young in Journey for Margaret trailer cropped.jpg
Born Robert George Young
(1907-02-22)February 22, 1907
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died July 21, 1998(1998-07-21) (aged 91)
Westlake Village, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Respiratory failure
Resting place
Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale
Occupation Actor
Years active 1931–1988
Spouse(s) Betty Henderson (1933–1994; her death; (1910-1994) 4 children)

Robert George Young (February 22, 1907 – July 21, 1998) was an American television, film, and radio actor, best known for his leading roles as Jim Anderson, the father character in Father Knows Best (NBC and then CBS), and the physician Marcus Welby in Marcus Welby, M.D. (ABC).

Early life[edit]

Born in Chicago, Young was the son of an Irish immigrant father, Thomas E. Young, and an American mother, Margaret Fife. When Young was a child, the family moved to different locations within the U.S.: Seattle, followed by Los Angeles, where Young became a student at Abraham Lincoln High School. After graduation, he studied and performed at the Pasadena Playhouse while working at odd jobs and appearing in bit parts in silent films. While touring with a stock company producing The Ship, Young was discovered by a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer talent scout with whom he subsequently signed a contract. Young made his sound film debut for MGM in the 1931 Charlie Chan film, Black Camel.[1]

Film career[edit]

Young appeared in over 100 films between 1931 and 1952. After appearing on stage, Young was signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and, in spite of having a "tier B" status, he co-starred with some of the studio's most illustrious actresses, such as Katharine Hepburn, Margaret Sullavan, Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, Helen Hayes, Luise Rainer, Hedy Lamarr, and Helen Twelvetrees. Yet, most of his assignments consisted of B movies, also known as "programmers", which required two to three weeks of shooting (considered very brief shooting periods at the time). Actors who were relegated to such a hectic schedule appeared, as Young did, in some six to eight movies per year.

As an MGM contract player, Young was resigned to the fate of most of his colleagues—to accept any film assigned to him or risk being placed on suspension—and many actors on suspension were prohibited from earning a salary from any endeavor at all (even those unrelated to the film industry). In 1936, MGM summarily loaned Young to Gaumont British for two films; the first was directed by Alfred Hitchcock with the other co-starring the luminous Jessie Matthews. While there he surmised that his employers intended to terminate his contract, but he was mistaken.

He unexpectedly received one of his most rewarding roles late in his MGM career, in H.M. Pulham, Esq., featuring one of Hedy Lamarr's most effective performances. He once remarked that he was assigned only those roles which Robert Montgomery and other A-list actors had rejected.

After his contract at MGM ended, Young starred in light comedies as well as in trenchant dramas for studios such as 20th Century Fox, United Artists, and RKO Radio Pictures. From 1943, Young assayed more challenging roles in films like Claudia, The Enchanted Cottage, They Won't Believe Me, The Second Woman, and Crossfire. His portrayal of unsympathetic characters in several of these later films — which was seldom the case in his MGM pictures — was applauded by numerous reviewers.

Not surprisingly, and despite a propitious beginning as a freelance actor without the nurturing of a major studio, Young's career began an incremental and imperceptible decline. Still starring as a leading man in the late 1940s and early 1950s, but only in mediocre films, he subsequently disappeared from the silver screen, only to reappear several years later on a much smaller one.

Television career[edit]

Today, Young is most remembered as the affable insurance salesman in Father Knows Best (1949-1954 on radio, 1954-1960 on television), for which he and his co-star, Jane Wyatt, won several Emmy Awards.[2] Elinor Donahue ("Betty"), Billy Gray ("Bud"), and Lauren Chapin ("Kathy") played the Anderson children in the television version.

Young then created, produced, and starred with Ford Rainey and Constance Moore in the nostalgic CBS comedy series Window on Main Street (1961–1962), which barely lasted six months.

Young's final television series, Marcus Welby, M.D. (1969–1976), co-starring a young James Brolin, earned Young an Emmy for best leading actor in a drama series.

Until the late 1980s he also made numerous television commercials in which he persuaded edgy people to drink Sanka coffee.

Personal life and death[edit]

Young was married to Betty Henderson from 1933 until her death in 1994. They had four daughters, Carol Proffitt, Barbara Beebe, Kathy Young and Betty Lou Gleason. They also had six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

Despite his trademark portrayal of happy, well-adjusted characters, Young's bitterness towards Hollywood casting practices never diminished, and he suffered from depression and alcoholism, culminating in a suicide attempt in January 1991.[3] Later, he spoke candidly about his personal problems in an effort to encourage others to seek help. The Robert Young Center for Community Mental Health, in Rock Island, Illinois, is named after Young in honor of his work toward passage of the 708 Illinois Tax Referendum, which established a property tax to support mental health programs in his home state.[4]

Young died of respiratory failure at his Westlake Village, California home on July 21, 1998, and was interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale.[5]

He has three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in Hollywood, California, USA; the stars are in the categories of film (located at 6933 Hollywood Blvd.), television (6358 Hollywood Blvd.), and radio (1660 Vine Street).[6]

Selected filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
1931 Black Camel, TheThe Black Camel Jimmy Film debut; a Warner Oland / Charlie Chan film
1931 Sin of Madelon Claudet, TheThe Sin of Madelon Claudet Dr. Lawrence Claudet Alternative title: The Lullaby
1931 Guilty Generation, TheThe Guilty Generation Marco Ricca - aka John Smith
1932 The Wet Parade Kip Tarleton
1932 The Kid from Spain Ricardo
1932 New Morals for Old Ralph Thomas
1932 Strange Interlude Gordon Evans as a Young Man Alternative title: Strange Interval
1933 Men Must Fight Lt. Geoffrey Aiken
1933 Today We Live Claude
1933 Hell Below Lieutenant (JG) Ed "Brick" Walters
1933 Tugboat Annie Alexander "Alec" Brennan
1933 The Right to Romance Bobby Preble
1934 Death on the Diamond Larry Kelly
1934 House of Rothschild, TheThe House of Rothschild Captain Fitzroy
1934 Spitfire John Stafford
1934 Lazy River William 'Bill' Drexel
1935 West Point of the Air Little Mike Stone
1935 Red Salute Jeff
1935 The Bride Comes Home Jack Bristow
1936 It's Love Again Peter Carlton
1936 Secret Agent Robert Marvin
1936 Stowaway Tommy Randall
1936 The Bride Walks Out Hugh McKenzie
1937 I Met Him in Paris Gene Anders
1937 Emperor's Candlesticks, TheThe Emperor's Candlesticks Grand Duke Peter
1937 Bride Wore Red, TheThe Bride Wore Red Rudi Pal
1937 Navy Blue and Gold Roger "Rog" Ash
1937 Dangerous Number Henry 'Hank' Medhill
1938 Paradise for Three Fritz Hagedorn Alternative title: Romance for Three
1938 Three Comrades Gottfried Lenz
1938 Toy Wife, TheThe Toy Wife Andre Vallaire
1938 Shining Hour, TheThe Shining Hour David Linden
1938 Josette Pierre Brassard
1938 Rich Man, Poor Girl Bill Harrison
1939 Honolulu Brooks Mason/George Smith
1939 Maisie Charles "Slim" Martin
1939 Miracles for Sale Michael "Mike" Morgan
1940 Northwest Passage Langdon Towne
1940 Florian Anton Erban
1940 Mortal Storm, TheThe Mortal Storm Fritz Marberg
1941 Western Union Douglas "Doug" Lamont
1941 Lady Be Good Edward "Eddie" Crane
1941 Journey for Margaret John Davis
1941 H. M. Pulham, Esq. Harry Moulton Pulham
1941 Married Bachelor Randolph Haven
1942 Cairo Homer Smith, aka Juniper Jones
1943 Slightly Dangerous Bob Stuart
1943 Sweet Rosie O'Grady Sam MacKeever
1944 Canterville Ghost, TheThe Canterville Ghost Cuffy Williams
1945 Enchanted Cottage, TheThe Enchanted Cottage Oliver Bradford
1945 Those Endearing Young Charms Hank Travers
1946 Lady Luck Larry Scott
1947 They Won't Believe Me Larry Ballentine
1947 Crossfire Finlay
1948 Sitting Pretty Harry King
1948 Relentless Nick Buckley
1949 That Forsyte Woman Philip Bosinney Alternative title: The Forsyte Saga
1949 And Baby Makes Three Vernon 'Vern' Walsh
1949 Bride for Sale Steve Adams
1950 The Second Woman Jeff Cohalan
1951 Goodbye, My Fancy Doctor James Merrill
1954 Secret of the Incas Stanley Moorehead
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1954 The Ford Television Theatre Tom Warren 1 episode
1954–60 Father Knows Best Jim Anderson 203 episodes
1955 Climax! Lieutenant Commander Knowles 1 episode
1961 Window on Main Street Cameron Garrett Brooks 17 episodes
1965 Dr. Kildare Dr. Gilbert Winfield 1 episode
1965 Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre: The Admiral Admiral Matt Callahan 1 episode
1968 Name of the Game, TheThe Name of the Game Herman Allison 1 episode
1969–76 Marcus Welby, M.D. Dr. Marcus Welby 170 episodes
1977 Father Knows Best: Home for Christmas Jim Anderson Television film
1978 Little Women Grandpa James Lawrence Television film
1984 Return of Marcus Welby, M.D., TheThe Return of Marcus Welby, M.D. Dr. Marcus Welby Television film
1987 American Masters Edward "Eddie" Crane 1 episode
1987 Mercy or Murder? Roswell Gilbert Television film
1987 Conspiracy of Love, AA Conspiracy of Love Joe Woldarski Television film
1988 Marcus Welby, M.D.: A Holiday Affair Dr. Marcus Welby Television film

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Result Category Film or series
1979 BAFTA Award Won Best Specialised Film Twenty Times More Likely
1956 Emmy Award Nominated Best Actor - Continuing Performance Father Knows Best
1957 Won Best Continuing Performance by an Actor in a Dramatic Series Father Knows Best
1958 Won Best Continuing Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic or Comedy Series Father Knows Best
1959 Nominated Best Actor in a Leading Role (Continuing Character) in a Comedy Series Father Knows Best
1970 Won Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series Marcus Welby, M.D.
1971 Nominated Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in Drama Vanished
Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series Marcus Welby, M.D.
1972 Nominated Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Dramatic Series Marcus Welby, M.D.
1970 Golden Globe Award Nominated Best TV Actor - Drama Marcus Welby, M.D.
1971 Best TV Actor - Drama Marcus Welby, M.D.
1972 Won Best TV Actor - Drama Marcus Welby, M.D.
1973 Nominated Best TV Actor - Drama Marcus Welby, M.D.
1974 Best TV Actor - Drama Marcus Welby, M.D.
2003 TV Land Award Nominated Classic TV Doctor of the Year Marcus Welby, M.D.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson, Kenneth T.; Markoe, Arnie; Markoe, Karen (1998). The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. Simon and Schuster. p. 645. ISBN 0-684-80663-0. 
  2. ^ Newcomb, Horace (2004). Encyclopedia of Television (2 ed.). CRC Press. p. 856. ISBN 1-57958-411-X. 
  3. ^ "Robert Young, 83, Attempted Suicide by carbon monoxide with his automobile. Chicago DJ Garry Meier quipped "kitten, get me my slippers and tail pipe" in a poor attempt at humor. Authorities Reveal". 
  4. ^ "About the Robert Young Center for Community Mental Health". Trinity Regional Health System. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  5. ^ "'Marcus Welby' actor Robert Young dies". cnn.com. 1998-06-22. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  6. ^ Robert Young. Los Angeles Times Starwalk Project Retrieved 2010-09-04.

References[edit]

  • Eames, John Douglas (1986). The MGM Story. New York City: Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-517-52389-2. 
  • Gartside, Michael (2000/2001). Robert Young's British Films (no 23). Muscatine, IA: Films of the Golden Age. 
  • Jewell, Richard B.; Harbin, Vernon (1982). The RKO Story. New York City: Crown Publishers. 
  • Katz, Ephraim (1981). The Film Encyclopedia. New York City: Harper Perennial. 
  • Shipman, David (1970). The Great Movie Stars: The Golden Years. New York City: Bonanza Books. 

External links[edit]