Roman Catholic Diocese of Bayonne

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Diocese of Bayonne -Lescar e Oloron
Dioecesis Baionensis -Lascurrensis et Oloronensis
Diocèse de Bayonne-Lescar e Oloron
Bayonne Cathédrale.JPG
Location
Country France
Ecclesiastical province Bordeaux
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Bordeaux
Statistics
Area 7,644 km2 (2,951 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2012)
669,300
570,000 (85.2%)
Parishes 69
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established United: 22 June 1909
Cathedral Cathedral of Notre Dame in Bayonne
Patron saint Blessed Virgin Mary Assumed in Heaven
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Marc Aillet
Metropolitan Archbishop Cardinal Jean-Pierre Ricard
Emeritus Bishops Pierre Molères Bishop Emeritus (1986-2008)
Website
Website of the Diocese

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Bayonne, is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in France. The diocese comprises the Department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Region of Aquitaine.

Reorganized in 1802, it included, besides certain parishes of the Diocese of Dax and Tarbes, the Diocese of Oloron and Lescar. It was suffragan to the Archiepiscopal See of Toulouse from 1802 to 1822, thereafter to the Archiepiscopal See of Toulouse of Auch.

History[edit]

Local tradition maintains that St. Leo, the martyr, with whose memory is associated a miraculous fountain, was the first Bishop of Bayonne. No bishop is historically known prior to the sixth century, although some think that Bayonne, designated as civitas in the Treaty of Andelot (587), must have had a bishop at that time, whilst others couple the foundation of the See of Bayonne with the establishment of the Kingdom of Aquitaine (778). The southern boundary of the see, from about this period, was marked by a series of crosses high in the Pyrenees, of which the southernmost and most famous was Charles's Cross.

Until 1566, the Diocese of Bayonne included much Spanish territory, i.e. the four Archpresbyteries of Baztan, Lerin, Bortziria in Navarre, and Hondarribia in Guipuzcoa, a remnant of Charlemagne's conquests beyond the Pyrenees.

Christopher de Beaumont, afterwards Archbishop of Paris, occupied the See of Bayonne from 1741 to 1745 and Paul-Thérèse-David d'Astros occupied it from 1820 to 1830.

Bishops[edit]

  • c. 840: Sedulius
  • c. 900?: Saint Léon I.
  • c. 980: Arsius
  • 1025–1057: Raymond I. le Vieux (also Bishop of Oloron and Lescar)
  • 1059–1063: Raymond II. le Jeune
  • c. 1065: Wilhelm I.
  • c. 1090–c. 1119: Bernard I. d'Astarac
  • c. 1120: Garsias I.
  • 1122–1125: Raymond III. de Martres
  • 1126–1137: Arnaud I. Loup de Benabat
  • 1137–1149: Arnaud II. Formatel
  • 1150–1170: Fortaner
  • 1170–1178: Pierre I. Bertrand d'Espelette
  • 1179–1184: Adhémar
  • 1185–1206: Bernard II. de Lacarre
  • c. 1207: Arsivus de Navailles
  • 1213–1224: Raymond IV. de Luc
  • 1225–1229: Guillaume II. de Donzac
  • 1230–1233: Pierre II. Bertrand de Sault
  • 1233–1257: Raymond V. de Donzac
  • 1259–1278: Sanz de Uaïtze
  • 1279–1302: Dominique de Manx
  • 1303–1308: Arnaud III. Raymond de Mont
  • 1309–1314: Pierre III. de Marenne
  • 1315–1316: Bernard III. de Brèle
  • 1316–1318: Pierre IV. de Maslac
  • 1318–1356: Pierre V. de Saint-Johan
  • 1356–1361: Guillaume III. du Pin
  • 1362–1369: Guillaume IV. de Saint-Johan
  • 1371–1381: Pierre VI. d'Oriach
  • 1382–1392: Barthélémy de La Rivière
  • 1393–1405: Garsias II. Menendez
  • 1407–1415: Pierre VII. du Bernet
  • 1416–1417: Pierre VIII. de Mauloc
  • 1417–1444: Guillaume V. Arnaud de Laborde
  • 1444–1454: Garsias III. Arnaud de Lasègue
  • 1454–1466: Jean I. de Mareuil
  • 1466–1483: Jean II. de Laur
  • 1484–1504: Jean III. de La Barrière
  • 1504–1519: Bertrand I. de Lahet
  • 1520–1524: Hector d'Ailly de Rochefort
  • 12. February 1524 to 16. September 1532: Jean du Bellay
  • 1532–1551: Etienne de Poncher
  • 1551–1565: Jean V. Dufresne de Moustiers
  • 1566–1579: Jean VI. de Sossiondo
  • 1579–1593: Jacques Maury
  • 1598–1621: Bertrand II. d'Echaux
  • 1621–1629: Claude des Marets de Rueil
  • 1629: Henri de Béthune
  • 1629–1637: Raymond VI. de Montaigne
  • 1637–1642: François I. Fouquet
  • 1643–1681: Jean VII. d'Olce
  • 1681–1688: Gaspard de Priêle
  • 1688–1700: Léon II. de Lalanne
  • 1700–1707: René-François de Beauvau du Rivau (also Archbishop of Toulouse)
  • 1707–1727: André de Druillet
  • 1728–1734: Pierre-Guillaume de La Vieuxville
  • 1735–1741: Jacques Bonne-Gigault de Bellefonds (also Archbishop of Arles)
  • 1741–1745: Christophe de Beaumont du Repaire (also Archbishop of Vienne)
  • 1745–1774: Guillaume VI. d'Arche
  • 1774–1783: Jules Ferron de La Ferronays
  • 1783–1793: Etienne-Joseph de Pavée de La Villevieille
  • 1802–1820: Joseph-Jacques Loison
  • 1820–1830: Paul-Thérèse-David d'Astros (also Archbishop of Toulouse)
  • 1830–1837: Etienne-Bruno-Marie d'Arbou
  • 1837–1878: François II. Lacroix
  • 1878–1887: Arthur-Xavier Ducellier (also Archbishop of Besançon)
  • 1887–1889: Alfred-François Fleury-Hottot
  • 1889–1902: François-Antoine Jauffret
  • 1906–1933: François-Xavier-Marie-Jules Gieure
  • 1934–1939: Henri-Jean Houbaut
  • 1939–1943: Edmund Vansteenberghe
  • 1944–1957: Léon-Albert Terrier
  • 1957–1963: Paul-Joseph-Marie Gouyon
  • 1963–1986: Jean-Paul-Marie Vincent
  • 1986–2008: Pierre Jean Marie Marcel Molères
  • 2008–present: Marc Marie Max Aillet

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 

Coordinates: 43°29′26″N 1°28′40″W / 43.49056°N 1.47778°W / 43.49056; -1.47778