Romani people in the Republic of Macedonia
Macedonian Romani children (around 1900)
|53.879 (2002 census)
80.000 to 260.000 Unofficial estimations
|Romani (Balkan Romani) and Macedonian|
|Sunni Islam |
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According to the last census from 2002, there were 53,879 persons counted as Romani people in the Republic of Macedonia, or 2.66% of the population. Another 3,843 persons have been counted as "Egyptians" (0.2%). Altogether, 2.85% Romani and Egyptians have been registered in Macedonia.
Municipality Šuto Orizari is the only municipality in the world with a Romani majority and the only municipality where Romani is official language. Due to the demographics, both Romani and Macedonian are official in Šuto Orizari, the municipality being officially bilingual. The mayor of the municipality, Elvis Bajram, is an ethnic Roma.
In 2009, the Government of the Republic of Macedonia took measures to enlarge inclusion of Romani in the education process.
The Republic of Macedonia is the region's leader in respecting the rights of the Romani people. It is the first country in the region with a minister of Romani ethnicity and also has a lot of Romani in high government positions. However, there has still a lot to be done in the spheres of education and integration of the Romani.
- Government of the Republic of Macedonia
- "Romani language in Macedonia in the Third Millennium: Progress and Problems", Victor Friedman.
- "The Romani Language in the Republic of Macedonia: Status, Usage and Sociolinguistic Perspectives, Victor Friedman.