Rothschild Boulevard

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Corner of Rothschild Boulevard and Herzl Street

Rothschild Boulevard (Hebrew: שְׂדֵרוֹ‏ת רוֹטשִׁילד, Sderot Rotshild) is one of the principal streets in the center of Tel Aviv, Israel, beginning in Neve Tzedek at its southwestern edge and running north to Habima Theatre. It is one of the most expensive streets in the city, being one of the city's main tourist attractions.[1] It features a wide, tree-lined central strip with pedestrian and bike lanes.

History[edit]

The Former Russian Embassy (The russian embassy house) on Rothschild Boulevard. Designed by Yehuda Magidovitch (1924), Restored and renovated (1991) by the architects Amnon Bar-Or, Moti Bodek, Abraham Yaski, Yossi Sivan.
Beit Moses, Rothschild Boulevard

Rothschild Boulevard was initially called Rehov HaAm ("Street of the people"). Later, the residents requested it to be renamed in honor of Baron Edmond James de Rothschild.[2] One house, on the corner of Rothschild Boulevard and Herzl Street, was built in 1909 by the Eliavson family, one of Tel Aviv's sixty founding families. In 2007, the building was purchased and restored by the French Institute.[3]

Israel's Declaration of Independence was signed at Independence Hall on Rothschild Boulevard. Many of the historic buildings are built in the Bauhaus or International style, forming part of the White City of Tel Aviv, a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site. The 1925 Lederberg house, at the intersection of Allenby Street features a series of large ceramic murals designed by Ze'ev Raban a member of the Bezalel school. The four murals show a Jewish pioneer sowing and harvesting, a shepherd and Jerusalem, with a verse from Jeremiah 31:4, "Again I will rebuild thee and thou shalt be rebuilt."[4]

In 1995, the municipality held an architectural competition to design avenues. The architect Moti Bodek suggested using existing avenues ring as a backbone system consists of pedestrian ways and bicycle paths, target the urban activities of leisure sports and recreation along with restoration and rehabilitation of historic kiosks. The Boulevard is an arts district, with galleries including Alon Segev Gallery, and Sommer Contemporary Art.

In 2013, Absolut Vodka introduced a specially designed bottle dedicated to Tel Aviv as part of its international cities series. The design, commemorating Tel Aviv's ficus tree boulevards, was inspired by the night landscape of Rothschild, Nordau and Chen boulevards.[5]

Financial center[edit]

Agglomeration of towers on Rothschild Boulevard (center)

Rothschild Boulevard is at the heart of Tel Aviv's financial district. It is where the First International Bank Tower is located, as well as the Israel offices of HSBC Bank. From the 1960s through the 1980s the boulevard suffered from urban decay. By 2005 the boulevard had undergone a dramatic transformation as historic buildings were restored and residents began flowing back in and injecting the street with a renewed cultural energy.[6][7][8] In February 2012 Bloomberg L.P. opened an office on the boulevard,[9] followed by Julius Baer Group in March of the same year.[10] Rothschild Boulevard was the epicenter of the 2011 Israeli social justice protests.[11]

Tree-lined boulevard

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mirovsky, Arik. "For a prestigious address, nothing beats Rothschild". Haaretz. Retrieved 2006-10-08. 
  2. ^ Rothschild Boulevard history[dead link]
  3. ^ Esther Zandberg: The boulevard's French corner in Haaretz, 7 June 2007
  4. ^ Beit Bialik, in Batya Carmiel, Tiles Adorned City; Bezalel ceramics on Tel Aviv Houses, 1923-1929, Eretz Israel Museum, Tel Aviv, 1996, Hebrew with some English
  5. ^ Absolut bottle dedicated to Tel Aviv
  6. ^ Yamin, Guy (6 October 2005). רוטשילד חוזר למרכז העיר [Rothschild returning to the city center]. Globes (in Hebrew). Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  7. ^ מישראל אהרוני ועד ישי גרין - איך נהפך מתחם רוטשילד בת"א לרובע השוקק במדינה [From Yisrael Aharoni to Yishai Green – how the Rothschild compound in Tel Aviv became the most bustling district in the country]. TheMarker (in Hebrew). 3 December 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  8. ^ "בנק HSBC הגיש בקשה לחברות בבורסה בת"א" [HSBC Bank filed request for membership with Tel Aviv Stock Exchange]. Ynetnews (in Hebrew). 3 April 2005. Retrieved 20 March 2012. סניף HSBC בישראל נמצא בשדרות רוטשילד בתל-אביב מעסיק כ-50 עובדים, ומנוהל על ידי יהודה לוי, לשעבר בכיר וחבר הנהלה בבנק הבינלאומי. 
  9. ^ Cashman, Greer Fay (21 February 2012). "Grapevine: From carbon to gold". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  10. ^ Galanti, Michal (12 March 2012). ריימונד בר עושה עלייה [Raymond Baer makes aliyah]. Globes (in Hebrew). Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Markets in Brief". Haaretz. 1 March 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°3′55.87″N 34°46′37.3″E / 32.0655194°N 34.777028°E / 32.0655194; 34.777028