Rulers of Tikal

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The known rulers of Tikal, a major centre of the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization in modern-day Guatemala:

Late Preclassic[edit]

  • Yax Ehb' Xook – c. AD 60, dynastic founder
  • Siyaj Chan K'awil Chak Ich'aak ("Stormy Sky I") – c. 2nd century
  • Yax Ch’aktel Xok – c. 200

Early Classic[edit]

  • Balam Ajaw ("Decorated Jaguar") – AD 292
  • K'inich Ehb' – c. AD 300
  • Siyaj Chan K'awiil I - c. AD 307
  • Ix Une' B'alam ("Queen Jaguar") – AD 317
  • "Leyden Plate Ruler" – AD 320
  • K'inich Muwaan Jol – died AD 359
  • Chak Tok Ich'aak I ("Jaguar Paw I") – c.a. 360-378. He died on the same day that Siyah K'ak' arrived in Tikal.
  • Yax Nuun Ayiin I – AD 379-404, the son of a foreign noble.
  • Siyaj Chan K'awiil II ("Stormy Sky II") – AD 411-456. Son of Yax Nuun Ayiin I.
  • K'an-Ak ("Kan Boar") – AD 458-486.
  • Ma'Kin-na Chan – ca. late 5th century.
  • Chak Tok Ich'aak II (Bahlum Paw Skull) – AD 486-508. Married to "Lady Hand".
  • Ix Kalo'mte' Ix Yo K'in ("Lady of Tikal") – AD 511-527. Co-ruled with Kaloomte' B'alam, possibly as consort.
  • Kaloomte' B'alam ("Curl-Head" and "19th Lord") – AD 511-527. Co-ruled with Ix Kalo'mte' Ix Yo K'in as regent.
  • "Bird Claw" ("Animal Skull I", "Ete I") – c. AD 527–537.
  • Wak Chan K'awiil ("Double-Bird") – AD 537-562. Capture and possible sacrifice by Caracol.
  • "Lizard Head II" – Unknown, lost a battle with Caracol in AD 562.

Hiatus[edit]

  • K'inich Waaw ("Animal Skull") – AD 593-628.
  • K'inich Wayaan – ca. early/mid 7th century, probably same as proceeding.
  • K'inich Muwaan Jol II – ca. early/mid 7th century, 628- abt 647?

Late Classic[edit]

  • Jasaw Chan K'awiil I (Ruler A or Ah Cacao) – AD 682-734. Entombed in Temple I. His queen was Lady Twelve Macaw (died AD 704). Triumphed in war with Calakmul in AD 711.
  • Yik'in Chan K'awiil (Ruler B) – AD 734-766. His wife was Shana'Kin Yaxchel Pacal of Lakamha. It is unknown exactly where his tomb lies.
  • "Temple VI Ruler" – AD 766-768
  • Yax Nuun Ayiin II ("Chitam") – AD 768-790
  • Chitam II ("Dark Sun") – Buried c. AD 810 Buried in Temple III
  • "Jewel K'awil" – AD 849
  • Jasaw Chan K'awiil II – AD 869-889

Note: English language names are provisional nicknames based on their identifying glyphs, where rulers' Maya language names have not yet been definitively deciphered phonetically.