San Costantino Albanese

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San Costantino Albanese
Comune
Comune di San Costantino Albanese
San Costantino Albanese is located in Italy
San Costantino Albanese
San Costantino Albanese
Location of San Costantino Albanese in Italy
Coordinates: 40°2′N 16°18′E / 40.033°N 16.300°E / 40.033; 16.300Coordinates: 40°2′N 16°18′E / 40.033°N 16.300°E / 40.033; 16.300
Country Italy
Region Basilicata
Province Potenza (PZ)
Frazioni Conserva, Farneta, Martorino, Venticalia
Area
 • Total 37 km2 (14 sq mi)
Elevation 650 m (2,130 ft)
Population (30 December 2008)[1]
 • Total 852
 • Density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Demonym Sancostantinesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 85030
Dialing code 0973
Patron saint San Costantino il Grande
Saint day 21 May

San Costantino Albanese is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata.

Geography[edit]

San Costantino Albanese sits on a hilltop overlooking the Sarmento Valley and is located across the valley from San Paolo Albanese. The Sarmento River is a dry rock-strewn riverbed during the summer but can be a torrent during the winter rains. The two towns are 3 kilometres (2 mi) apart but the path through the river valley by road is about 8 kilometres (5 mi).[2]

The village is bordered by the towns of Alessandria del Carretto (CS), Cersosimo, Noepoli, San Paolo Albanese and Terranova di Pollino.

It is also adjacent to Pollino National Park.

Demographics[edit]

San Costantino is larger than the neighboring Arberesh Village San Paolo Albanese.

Year Population
1861 1595
1871 1571
1881 1549
1901 1446
1911 1500
1921 1484
1931 1455
1936 1588
1951 1758
1961 1773
1971 1540
1981 1270
1991 1077
2001 884
2011 778

Source: FONTE DEMOISTAT.IT

History[edit]

San Costantino Albanese was founded in approximately 1534 by ethnic Albanians refugees or Arbëreshë, from Corone, Morea in Greece which was occupied by the Ottoman Turks. Surnames such as Scutari, reflect this connection with the Albanian heritage.

In the early 1900s, the town and much of Southern Italy saw a wave of emigration to the United States and South America. Immigrants initially clustered in the New York Metropolitan Area but can be found distributed throughout the US.

Culture[edit]

Monuments[edit]

Churches[edit]

Districts[edit]

The commune of San Costantino Albanese encompasses two Frazione, or villages/administrative districts, that lie outside of town.

Venticalia[edit]

Venticalia is a village located approximately 3.9 kilometres (2.4 mi) from San Costantino.

Since the end of the seventeenth century, it has been the feudal rustic retreat of the Pace family of St. Constantine Albanese. In the seventeenth century. the Pace family built a small votive chapel dedicated to the cult of Saint Helena mother of the Emperor Constantine, of which today only a few remnants remain visible.

Today the village is the site of a compressed wood pellet factory.

Martorino[edit]

Martorino is one of the concessions granted by the Pignatelli feudal family in the late 17th century to the Pace family.

Local businesses include agriculture and agritourism.

Notable People[edit]

  • Tomasso Pace - Writer and Historian
  • Donato Scutari - Politician
  • Nicola Scaldiferri - Ethnomusicologist

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
  2. ^ The Italo-Albanian Villages of Southern Italy, George Nicholas Nasse