San Pedro y San Pablo Asistencia

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This article is about the mission in California. For the one near Yuma, Arizona, see Mission San Pedro y San Pablo de Bicuñer. For the one in southern Arizona, see Mission San Pedro y San Pablo del Tubutama.
San Pedro y San Pablo Asistencia
San Pedro y San Pablo Asistencia
The perimeter of the outpost's foundation is outlined with logs.
San Pedro y San Pablo Asistencia is located in San Francisco
San Pedro y San Pablo Asistencia
Location on the San Francisco Peninsula
Location Pacifica, California
Coordinates 37°35′14″N 122°29′36″W / 37.58722°N 122.49333°W / 37.58722; -122.49333Coordinates: 37°35′14″N 122°29′36″W / 37.58722°N 122.49333°W / 37.58722; -122.49333
Name as founded Asistencia de la Misión San Francisco de Asís
English translation Sub-Mission of the Mission San Francisco de Asís
Patron Saint Peter and Saint Paul
Founding date 1786
Military district Fourth
Native tribe(s)
Spanish name(s)
Native place name(s) Pruristac
Governing body County of San Mateo
Current use Museum
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
NRHP designation date 1976
Part of Sánchez Adobe
NRHP # #NPS–76000525
California Historical Landmark
CHISL designation date 1947
Part of Sánchez Adobe
CHISL # #391

The San Pedro y San Pablo Asistencia was established in 1786, as a "sub-mission" to Mission San Francisco de Asís in the San Pedro Valley at the Ohlone village of Pruristac. The site is located within the bounds of the Rancho San Pedro (home to the Sánchez Adobe) in what today is the town of Pacifica.


Within the first year a chapel, granary, tack room, and three other rooms had been constructed, using native labor. In 1788 two more rooms were added. In 1789 a second granary was built, quarters for the mayordomo, and quarters for the missionaries were built. Also, a covered passageway which temporarily served as a kitchen. Crops of wheat and beans were planted in quantities to provide for the needs of the parent mission. At its peak the asistencia consisted of a three-wing main structure surrounding a central plaza. Corn, peas, barley, asparagus, and rosemary would, in time also be cultivated, along with grape vineyards and groves of peach and quince trees. Due to a significant decline in the native population, the facility was used mainly as an outpost to graze cattle after 1790.

A plaque in Sanchez Adobe Park depicts the former Asistencia's floor plan.

After secularization of the missions in 1834, Juan Alvarado, the Mexican Governor of California, granted the lands of the 8,926-acre (36.12 km2) Rancho San Pedro to Francisco Sanchez in 1839. Included were the all of the buildings of the Asistencia. Sanchez retained ownership of the property after California was ceded to the United States in 1848. In 1894, roof tiles were salvaged from the property and installed on the Southern Pacific Railroad depot located in Burlingame, California (the first permanent structure constructed in the Mission Revival Style). Today, little remains of the original installation.



See also[edit]

37°35′14″N 122°29′37″W / 37.58714°N 122.49365°W / 37.58714; -122.49365