Satiada

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Satiada was a Celtic goddess worshipped in Roman Britain. She is known from a single, unadorned altar-stone dedicated to her at Chesterholm (Vindolanda).[1] The inscription reads:

DEAE / SAIIADAE / CVRIA TEX / TOVERDORVM / V·S·L·M
"To the goddess Satiada, the council of the Textoverdi willingly and deservedly fulfilled their vow."[2]

The Textoverdi, whose curia left this altar, are otherwise unknown.[1]

The name on the stone may alternatively be read as Sattada (the form used by Jufer and Luginbühl[3]), Saitada or Saiiada. If it is read as Satiada, the name may conceivably be related to the Proto-Celtic *sāti- ‘saturation’ or *satjā- ‘swarm’.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vindolanda at www.roman-britain.org
  2. ^ B. Collingwood and R.P. Wright. The Roman Inscriptions of Britain. Oxford. RIB 1965. Quoted at www.roman-britain.org
  3. ^ Nicole Jufer & Thierry Luginbühl (2001). Les dieux gaulois : répertoire des noms de divinités celtiques connus par l'épigraphie, les textes antiques et la toponymie. Paris: Editions Errance. ISBN 2-87772-200-7. p.61.
  4. ^ Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies, University of Wales. "Proto-Celtic—English lexicon." (See also this page for background and disclaimers.)

External links[edit]