Schoharie, New York
|Schoharie, New York|
Location within Schoharie County
|• Supervisor||Martin Shrederis|
|• Total||30.0 sq mi (77.6 km2)|
|• Land||29.8 sq mi (77.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2) 0.57%|
|Elevation||604 ft (184 m)|
|• Density||110.7/sq mi (42.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979470|
|Website||Town of Schoharie, NY|
The Town of Schoharie has a village, also called Schoharie. Both are derived from the Mohawk word for driftwood. The town is on the northeast border of the county and is southwest of Albany, and east of Oneonta and Cooperstown, both located in Otsego County.
This area was long occupied by indigenous peoples; in the historic period, the Mohawk people, one of the Five Nations of the Haudenosaunee, or Iroquois Confederacy, dominated this territory, ranging up to the St. Lawrence River and east to the Hudson.
Although the English claimed New York province after taking control from the Dutch, the first European settlements in this area were by Palatine Germans in 1713, after the area was first explored in 1710/11. These Germans were among nearly 3,000 German Protestant refugees who sailed to New York in 1710, on ships arranged by Queen Anne's government. They were refugees from the religious warfare along the border with France, and also had suffered the loss of crops from an extremely harsh winter in 1709, when the Rhine River froze. The English believed the German settlers could help develop the colony and granted them land to the west of English settlements.
Most of the Palatine Germans worked off their passage for several years in two work camps established along the upper Hudson River on property of Livingston Manor, owned by Robert Livingston. When given land, they cleared and established farms. In 1723, 100 Palatine families from the 1710 immigration were granted land just west of Little Falls in the Mohawk Valley under the Burnetsfield Patent. Palatine Germans founded other settlements in the valley, as noted in names such as German Flatts and Palatine Bridge. These frontier settlements were vulnerable to attack, but served as a defensive line during the French and Indian War and the American Revolution.
Developed for agriculture, the Schoharie Valley was considered a bread basket of the colony because of the amount of wheat produced even during the American Revolutionary War. Raids led by Joseph Brant and his Iroquois allies destroyed most of the buildings in the town of Schoharie.
Schoharie was first known as a district in Albany County before Schoharie County was organized. Established as a town in Albany County in 1788, it became the founding town of the newly created Schoharie County in 1795. In 1797, part of the town was used to form the towns of Blenheim, Broome, Cobleskill, and Middleburgh. Similarly, area for the towns of Esperance and Wright were removed from Schoharie in 1846 as settlement increased in other areas.
Schoharie has continued since its early settlement as a largely agricultural community. Cheesemaking and the dairy industry were important in the 19th century, when products were sold to New York City. Artisan cheesemaking and related trades have been of increasing importance since the late 20th-century.
On August 28, 2011, the Town of Schoharie was flooded by Hurricane Irene. Schoharie Creek rose to record levels, resulting in massive destruction of roads, homes, and businesses within the Town. Due to the devastation of what was classified as a 500-year flood, federal agencies such as FEMA and the National Guard were called in to assess damages and provide relief, shelter and assistance to affected residents. Many farms in the area suffered severe economic losses due to animals lost or drowned in flood waters, barns deemed unusable, and fall harvest crops ruined.
The Becker Stone House, Becker-Westfall House, The Colyer House, Sternbergh House, and Westheimer Site are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Abraham Sternberg House was added in 2010.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.0 square miles (77.6 km²), of which, 29.8 square miles (77.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (0.57%) is water.
Part of the northeast town line is the border of Schenectady County.
Interstate 88 crosses the north part of the town. New York State Route 30 is a north-south highway. New York State Route 30A diverges from NY-30 near the north town line. New York State Route 7 parallels the Interstate across the north part of Schoharie. New York State Route 443 intersects NY-30 at Vromans Corners.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,299 people, 1,314 households, and 883 families residing in the town. The population density was 110.7 people per square mile (42.7/km²). There were 1,435 housing units at an average density of 48.2 per square mile (18.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.30% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.
There were 1,314 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,576, and the median income for a family was $50,000. Males had a median income of $31,737 versus $25,603 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,676. About 3.8% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Schoharie
- Barton Hill – A location in the northeast part of Schoharie.
- Central Bridge – A hamlet and census-designated place at the north town line on NY-30A. The George Westinghouse, Jr., Birthplace and Boyhood Home was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004.
- East Cobleskill – A hamlet at the west town line at County Road 1A and NY-145.
- Howes Cave – A hamlet at the west town line north of Cobleskill Creek on County Road 8.
- Old Central Bridge – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town on NY-7 by Interstate 88.
- Schoharie – The Village of Schoharie is on NY Route 30 adjacent to Schoharie Creek in the southeast part of the town.
- Schoharie Hill – An elevation northwest of Schoharie village, south of the Interstate.
- Sidney Corners – A location in the northwest corner of the town at the junction of NY-7 and County Road 70.
- Terrace Mountain – An elevation northwest of the Village of Schoharie.
- Vroman Corners – A location north of Schoharie village on NY-30 at NY-443. It was named for an early Dutch settler.
- George Westinghouse was born at Central Bridge in 1846. He became an inventor, developing the railway air brake. He also helped develop an alternating current power supply system and promote its use over the rival direct current power supply system. *Author Chris Hedges grew up in Schoharie, where his father was the pastor of a Presbyterian church. He writes about the town in Losing Moses on the Freeway: The 10 Commandments in America (2005).
- Pete Lopez, a politician and New York Assemblyman, is a long-time resident of Schoharie. He was elected as the Supervisor of the Town of Schoharie and served for years before becoming County Clerk.
- "Town of Schoharie History". Town of Schoharie. Retrieved 2014-12-24.
- Otterness, P. (2004). Becoming German: The 1709 Palatine Migration to New York. Cornell University Press.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "National Register of Historic Places". WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 9/07/10 THROUGH 9/10/10. National Park Service. 2010-09-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Town of Schoharie, NY
- William E. Roscoe, Chap. 22: "Early history of Schoharie", History of Schoharie County, Syracuse: D. Mason and Co., 1882, transcribed and reproduced at Rootsweb
- William E. Roscoe, History of Schoharie County, Syracuse: D. Mason and Co., 1882, full text scanned online, University of Toronto Library, at Internet Archive