Schoten

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For the former municipality in the Netherlands, see Schoten, Netherlands.
Schoten
Municipality of Belgium
Flag of Schoten
Flag
Coat of arms of Schoten
Coat of arms
Schoten is located in Belgium
Schoten
Schoten
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 51°15′N 04°30′E / 51.250°N 4.500°E / 51.250; 4.500Coordinates: 51°15′N 04°30′E / 51.250°N 4.500°E / 51.250; 4.500
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province Antwerp
Arrondissement Antwerp
Government
 • Mayor Maarten De Veuster (N-VA)
 • Governing party/ies CD&V, Open VLD, N-VA
Area
 • Total 29.55 km2 (11.41 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 33,766
 • Density 1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Postal codes 2900
Area codes 03
Website www.schoten.be

Schoten (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈs̪x̟o̞ːt̪ə(n̪)]) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. The municipality only comprises the town of Schoten proper. On January 1, 2006 Schoten had a total population of 33,160. The total area is 29.55 km2 (11.41 sq mi) which gives a population density of 1,122 inhabitants per km². Schoten abuts the Antwerp districts Merksem to the west and Deurne to the south west. Neighboring municipalities include Brasschaat to the north, Brecht to the north east, Schilde to the east, and Wijnegem to the south.

History[edit]

Early Middle Ages[edit]

The history and usage of the name Schoten may have come from the name given to the wooden dividing walls (schot in Dutch) that were driven in the ground to separate private property. The Christianization of the area dates from the end of the 7th century, under the influence of Abbot Ursmarus, of Lobbes Abbey, which owned property here.

In the 12th century, the territory was under the political authority of the lords of Breda, then of the lords of Bergen-op-Zoom. Religiously, it was administered by the Villers Abbey.

Schoten castle

16th century until today[edit]

Already by the beginning of the 16th century, well-off burghers and merchants from neighboring Antwerp built castles in Schoten as secondary residences. The local community succeeded, however, in maintaining its rural Campine character until well into the 19th century. Industry first developed on the border with Merksem, later along the Albert Canal. Much of the rest of the town’s territory was kept green and was again used by neighboring Antwerp residents for building extensive villas such as Koningshof and Schotenhof. Today about 30% of Schoten’s territory still consists of forested areas, a great achievement given its location only 10 km (6 mi) away from the center of Antwerp.

Main sights[edit]

  • The water-encircled Schoten castle started as a farm in the 13th century, and is now converted into a local cultural centre.
  • The main square is lined with a Gothic Revival city hall and adorned with a Till Eulenspiegel fountain.
  • The Villers castle also dates from the 13th century, while the Gothic-style church of St-Cordula dates from the 15th century.
  • Schoten also has a number of nature reservations and wooded areas.
’t Asbroek nature reservation in Schoten
Schoten main square

Events and Sports[edit]

  • The World Festival of Folklore Schoten, a folk dance festivity founded in 1959, takes place annually in the summer.
  • The Grote Scheldeprijs, an annual cycling race taking place in April, starts in Antwerp and finishes in Schoten.
  • The local football club is the KFC Schoten SK.

Economy[edit]

Notable citizens[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Schoten is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ "Miasta Partnerskie". Retrieved 1 May 2014. 

External links[edit]