Shala was an ancient Sumerian goddess of grain and compassion. The symbols of grain and compassion combine to reflect the importance of agriculture in the mythology of Sumer, and the belief that an abundant harvest was an act of compassion from the Gods. Other traditions identify Shala as wife of the grain god Dagan, or consort of the storm god Ishkur/Adadthe. She carries a double-headed mace-scimitar embellished with lion heads.
- Stewar and Janet Farrar, The Witches' Goddess: The Feminine Principle of Divinity (WA: Phoenix Publishing, 1987) ISBN 978-0919345911
- Jeremy Black and Anthony Green, Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992) ISBN 978-0-292-70794-8
- Michael Jordan, Encyclopedia of Gods, Kyle Cathie Limited, 2002, ISBN 978-1-85626-131-9